Would you want to cross these to get into China? Cliffs along Huang He in Gansu
a. Mountains: south- Himalayas
west- Kunlun and Tien Shan
b. Large deserts: north- Gobi west- Takla Makan c. Pacific Ocean- east
2. Impact of Isolation
Ethnocentric society developed
Ethnocentrism- the belief that your race or culture is better than all others. Called China “Zhongguo” or Middle Kingdom
3. Population Distribution
2/3 of China is mountains and deserts
96% of pop. live along coast and river valleys. Why?
How people distribute themselves in an area
There’s farmable land there.
Only 11% of the land is arable.
China’s population: ~1 Billion people (1 Child Law)
1. subsistence farming- producing just enough to
meet your basic needs (little or no surplus)
2. terrace farming - carving steps into the sides of mountains for farming
5. Rivers in China
Huang He (Yellow River)
1. earliest Chinese civilization developed in river valley.
2. loess- fine, windblown soil
- very fertile
- settles in river causing flooding
3. known as “China’s Sorrow” because of flood damage
b. Chang (Yangtze)
1. Longest river
c. Xi (Si)
Long and irregular (jagged)
Excellent harbors Used for trade and transportation
7. Advanced Culture
1. printing press
3. paper money
4. earthquake detector Each of the eight dragons had a bronze ball in its mouth. Whenever there was even a slight earth tremor, a mechanism inside the seismograph would open the mouth of one dragon. The bronze ball would fall into the open mouth of one of the toads, making enough noise to alert someone that an earthquake had just happened. Imperial watchman could tell which direction the earthquake came from by seeing which dragon's mouth was empty.