Exploration 2


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Exploration 2

  1. 1. Age of Exploration
  2. 2. I. Search for Spices <ul><li>A port is a city, town, or other place where ships load or unload, or take refuge from storms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. African Trade [15c-17c]
  4. 4. <ul><li>A. African Ports </li></ul><ul><li>1. The Portuguese established coastal ports because they could not get into the African interior due to the jungle, cataracts , and diseases. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. For most of the 1500s, Portugal controlled the spice trade. </li></ul>B. Indian Ports
  6. 6. C. Rise of the Dutch <ul><li>1. By the late 1500s, the Dutch had powerful ships and used their sea power to set up trading ports around the world. </li></ul>In the mid-1600s, the Dutch established the Cape Town settlement in South Africa. Dutch sailors could repair their ships as they traveled to the East Indies.
  7. 8. <ul><li>It took 10 months to reach India; the Portuguese lost half their ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Many sailors died of scurvy, a disease caused by lack of vitamin C. </li></ul><ul><li>The English began to include limes on board, which did not spoil quickly; this led to English sailors being called “limeys.” </li></ul>DON’T WRITE
  8. 9. <ul><li>Although he lost half his ships, Da Gama returned with Asian spices. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese had now established a successful all-water trade route to Asia! </li></ul>DON’T WRITE
  9. 10. Ferdinand Magellan <ul><li>From 1519 to 1522, Magellan’s crew circumnavigated , or traveled completely around, the world. </li></ul>DON’T WRITE
  10. 11. II. Spanish Exploration <ul><li>King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain wanted a share of the spice trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Isabella also wanted to spread Christianity. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>C. In 1492, Christopher Columbus convinced the Spanish monarchs to fund his voyage. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>D. Columbus thought he could find a sea route to Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul>?
  13. 15. <ul><li>E. Columbus loaded up the Nina, the Pinta , and the Santa Maria and took off for Asia on August 3, 1492. </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>F. Columbus reached land on October 12, 1492; he hadn’t reached Asia, but the New World! </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Thinking he had successfully reached the East Indies, Columbus called the surprised inhabitants who greeted him, los indios. </li></ul><ul><li>This term translates into “Indian,” a word applied to all native peoples of the Americas. </li></ul>DON’T WRITE
  16. 20. <ul><li>In 1507, a German cartographer read reports about the “New World” written by Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian sailor. </li></ul><ul><li>He labeled the region America; the islands Columbus explored became known as the West Indies. </li></ul>West Indies DON’T WRITE
  17. 21. III. The Columbian Exchange <ul><li>A Global Exchange of plants and animals between the Americas and Europe. </li></ul>
  18. 23. B. Effects: <ul><li>1. By the 1700s, foods such as corn, potatoes and beans contributed to population growth worldwide. </li></ul>
  19. 24. 2. Disease <ul><li>Europeans carried deadly diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza. </li></ul><ul><li>The N.A. had no immunity, or resistance . </li></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>The N.A. population of the Caribbean declined by 90% in the 1500s. </li></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>Many Indians believed the disasters marked the world’s end. </li></ul>DON’T WRITE Just like Europeans felt during the Black Plague!
  22. 27. What similar problems do we have today? DON’T WRITE
  23. 28. <ul><li>3. Slavery- 12 million slaves would travel to the Americas for manual labor. </li></ul>
  24. 31. <ul><li>4. Millions of Europeans would migrate to the New World. </li></ul>
  25. 32. European Explorations
  26. 33. 1. Hernan Cortes <ul><li>A. He would conquer the Aztecs by 1521 and build Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan. </li></ul>IV. Other Conquistadors
  27. 35. 2. Francisco Pizarro <ul><li>Pizarro overran the Incans in Peru in 1532. </li></ul><ul><li>This opened up South America for the Spanish to conquer. </li></ul>
  28. 36. V. Reasons for Victory! <ul><li>1. The Spanish had superior military technology and horses. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Spanish had diseases that weakened the native population. </li></ul>
  29. 37. <ul><li>3. The Spanish won allies by playing rival Indian groups against each other. </li></ul>
  30. 38. This has led to a modern era of international trade and global interdependence!
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