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Catholic Church In Medieval Europe

Catholic Church In Medieval Europe






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    Catholic Church In Medieval Europe Catholic Church In Medieval Europe Presentation Transcript

    • The Catholic Church in the Middle Ages
      • The church was the most powerful organization in medieval Europe.
      • The church claimed to have power over all religious and secular (non-religious) parts of life.
    • I. Reasons for the Church’s Power
      • A. Role of Faith
        • 1. The church represented God.
        • 2. Religion was part of daily life. It was social and united people.
        • 3. The church held the power to send you to Heaven or Hell.
        • 4. If you didn’t obey Canon Law you could be excommunicated .
      • Canon Law - church law; the church had its own courts
    • Excommunication -
      • exclusion (being kicked out) of the church.
      • - Cannot receive sacraments
      • (means you go to hell)
      • - Cannot receive a Christian burial
      • - Shunned (rejected) by other Christians
    • Interdict-
      • excommunication of an entire town, region or kingdom. This resulted when a noble or king violated canon law.
    • II. Wealth
      • A. Nobles often left land to the church when they died.
      • B. Church wealth increased through tithes (church “tax” or donation; 10%)
    • III. Learning
      • A. Rulers relied on C lergy (religious officials) to keep records (in Latin).
      • B. The church preserved learning.
    • Pope (1 head)            Bishops (2946 diocese, cathedrals)           Priests (219,583 parishes)          Catholics (1 Billion members) IV. Church Hierarchy
    • V. Corruption
      • A. As the church’s wealth and power grew, so did corruption.
      • B. The clergy lived in luxury and ignored their vows.
      • C. This led to reform but would later split in the Church.
    • Points to Remember
      • 1. Feudalism and the manor system separated and isolated people from each other
      • 2. Shared beliefs in church teachings keep people united during difficult times.
      • 3. The ultimate goal was to achieve salvation (a life in heaven).
      • 4. The church had power because they administered/ controlled the sacraments.