Humanity

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Humanity

  1. 2. To be free. . . one must be chained.
  2. 3. Paradox Something that contradicts itself, or cancels itself out. Something that is both really good and really bad at the same time
  3. 4. Cognitive Dissonance (mind war) The feeling you get when a paradox is playing tug of war with your brain. good bad
  4. 5. What makes us human? What does it mean to be human?
  5. 6. What is “human nature”?
  6. 8. In your opinion, is it human nature to generally be good? Or is it human nature to generally be bad?
  7. 9. What makes us human? In other words, what things make us a unique species? What is “human nature?” In your opinion are we (humans) generally good or generally bad? If left entirely to our own devices would we act in a good way or a bad way?
  8. 10. To be free. . . one must be chained.
  9. 15. People are basically bad. Gov’t needs to make them safe. People are basically good. Gov’t needs to preserve their freedom. Vs. Thomas Hobbes John Locke
  10. 16. 3 Roles of Gov’t Order Freedom Equality Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Gov’t can’t do. (freedom of speech) Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Gov’t (right to vote) 1 person = 1 vote * Most recent & most controversial role of Gov’t - protect life & property - promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Civil Rights political equality
  11. 17. = 1 vote = 1 vote (each)
  12. 20. 1 vote 1 vote
  13. 21. 3 Roles of Gov’t Order Freedom Equality Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Gov’t can’t do. (freedom of speech) Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Gov’t (right to vote) 1 person = 1 vote +/- equality in wealth, education, & status * Most recent & most controversial role of Gov’t - protect life & property - promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Civil Rights political equality social equality (?)
  14. 22. Equal Opportunity Each person has the same chance to succeed in life. Equal Outcome Gov’t policies help make people equal. Title IX - colleges must set aside = $ for women’s sports. Tax rich to fund programs for the poor Gov’t involvement in private life clashes w/ freedom
  15. 23. 1960’s - Equal Pay Act Requires employers to pay men and women The same amount for equal work. Employer’s are forced to pay women more than they would if their payment policies were based on free choice.
  16. 24. 1970’s - courts ordered the bussing of students out of their district to achieve a fair distribution of students in public schools.
  17. 25. 1990’s - The Americans with Disabilities Act required all modes of public transportation and all Public building to be handicapped accessible.
  18. 26. 3 Roles of Gov’t Order Freedom Equality Freedoms guaranteed to people. State what the Gov’t can’t do. (freedom of speech) Privileges given to people & protected against random removal by Gov’t (right to vote) 1 person = 1 vote +/- equality in wealth, education, & status * Most recent & most controversial role of Gov’t - protect life & property - promote social order Rules for common behavior Civil Liberties Civil Rights political equality social equality (?)
  19. 27. The Political Spectrum The range of beliefs about the proper role & purpose of Gov’t Left = More Gov’t Right = Less Gov’t Totalitarian Anarchy
  20. 28. The Political Spectrum The range of beliefs about the proper role & purpose of Gov’t Liberal/Democrat Conservative/Republican Left = More Gov’t Right = Less Gov’t
  21. 29. Liberal Conservative Role of Gov’t Purpose of Gov’t Gov’t should provide public goods Generous support for: Public education Wildlife Protection Public Transportation Gov’t should NOT provide public goods (charity should) Supports private business Use Gov’t to promote equal outcome Use Gov’t to maintain social order (and ensure economic freedom) More accepting of differences between people & cultures (Multiculturalism) Wants to preserve traditional roles & ideas
  22. 30. Totalitarian Anarchy
  23. 31. Fascism Libertarian Right Left (Gov’t has TOTAL social control) (Gov’t has ZERO social control) (Gov’t has TOTAL $ control) (Gov’t has ZERO $ control)
  24. 32. Capitalism Allows privately owned business where people compete for economic gain. Achieve your goal by any means Relies on the free market to determine the price of goods and services The public chooses based on their interests. No Gov’t interference Laissez Faire - means “hands off”

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