Malaysian have various types of traditional clothes which in numerous shapes, and colors. For example, ‘tengkolok bulu burung’ and ‘baju kulit kayu’ until antique royal clothes.
These traditional clothes usually wear in the important events as the symbolic of all the races in Malaysia .
The traditional costumes for Malays are being classified into 2 categories for men and women . For men, we have Baju Melayu and Tanjak . And for women, we have Baju Kurung , Baju Kebaya , Baju Kebarung and Tudung .
These Malay traditional costumes are usually worn during Hari Raya Puasa, Hari Raya Haji, wedding occasions and sometimes visits to relatives. It can also be worn at any time of the day.
Baju kurung was introduced after the Islam came to Tanah Melayu at the 20 century
Baju kurung is the loose clothes and cover the body which suitable for the Islam country
Baju kurung can be suited with ‘songkek’ or ‘batik’. Usually, wear with ‘kain selendang’ or scarft.
Nowadays, baju kurung can be found in different styles. These clothes are being tailored so that they suit the person wearing it. Among the baju kurung that have been tailored are "baju kurung labuh", "baju kurung moden", "baju kurung cekak", "baju kurung Kedah" and others.
The baju kurung looks quite like men’s wear. It is a simple knee-length blouse worn over a long skirt pleated at the side.The outfit is completed with a selendang or tudung around the shoulders or on the head . Baju kurung too can be matched with "kain songket", "batik" or even "pelikat".
The baju kurung is more liked by people because it covers the whole body except for the palms and the face which is considered to be polite. The baju kurung is more suitable with the teachings of Islam as it is not exposing the whole body except for the palms and the face.
Baju melayu consists of two types which ‘baju melayu teluk belanga’ and ‘baju melayu cekak musang’
Baju Melayu are worn by Malay men. It is worn especially on Fridays for the Friday prayers. It is also worn for wedding ceremonies and other occasions.
Other than being matched with the “seluar"(trousers), the baju Melayu can also be worn with "kain pelikat".
These kinds of clothes can be seen worn during wedding ceremonies and also Hari Raya. It is also wear with ‘samping’ which tied in waist.
Chinese clothes are the clothing ancient modern worn by chinese people. It has varied by region and time, its recorded by artifacts and arts of chinese cultures
Chinese fashion have dramatically changes over time follow the contemporary urban clothing seem to have developed and obsession with brand name.
Chinese clothes started in Malay because Malacca is the centre of trade in past century. It developed from Malacca to Penang, and last at Kuala Lumpur
Comfortable and elegance, the traditional cheongsam or long dress also popular contemporary fashion for ladies.
Usually it has a height collar, button, or frog closures near the shoulder, a snug fit at the waist and slits on either one or both sides
It is often make shimmering silk embroidered sathin or other sensual fabrics
This jacket pattern with chinese characteristics means blessing. The coat edge is golden or golden button
There silk fabric characteristics are smooth, soft and comfortable.
Indian clothing has been influence by diverse cultures influencing time in memorial.
The sari itself historian said that back to the Indus Valley Civilization with floweries in 2800 – 1800 BC, in the north-western, part of India.
In fact of studies show that the men’s dhoti is a prototype of the sari and both sexes.
Sabah have numerous of ethnics. Each ethnics have their own clothes and accessories.
Among of their interesting accessories are Kadazan-Dusun women plaits caps, ‘bajau ethnics bastar’ and ‘headgear of Lotud ethnics’ which shown the total of wives for the men who wear it.
Sarawak is the biggest country in Malaysia which have variety of ethnic
Usually, they used clothes that made up by hand, bark cloth, chicken fur, and bead
Sarawak famous with ‘pua kumbu iban’, ‘kain songket melayu sarwak’, ‘variety of traditional accessories’ and ‘tengkolok bulu burung’
Baba and Nyonya is a Chinese community in the strait state, Malay land, especially Malacca.
They were called themselves Baba and Nyonya because of their cultures is came from Chinese heritage, but they were also influence in Malay culture.
The socio culture were absorbed in the past which have mix marriage between Chinese and Malay so it is why the next generation called them Baba and Nyonya.
The traditional cloth for Nyonya is Kebaya Nyonya or Short Kebaya.
Usually Short Kebaya always wear with sarong. Sometimes, there some Nyonya wear with Chaylay Sarong to more elegant.
Design of the embroidery on Short Kebaya or Kebaya Nyonya like insects, animals, birds and musical instruments.
Nyonya also wear is beaded slippers called Kasut Manek were a hand-made made much skills and patent.
Baba traditional cloth it had multi-pockets jacket with a high mandarin collar with gold stud any ivory buttons worn with baggy wrap around pants and a topper hat.
Batik word came from Jawa that means write. It refers from clothes that have a light patterns and interesting.
The types of batik such as ‘batik tulis’, ‘batik skrin’, ‘batik celup’, and ‘batik terap’.
Batik is the one techniques that have art value and will be half of world culture especially in Malay world like Jawa.
Nowadays, batik have a newest and latest pattern, but the traditional of batik still produced.
Songket is a type of embroidery clothe with a gold or silver thread. The word of songket is mean carry out or pull the thread from cloth or foretell by using gold or silver thread.
In historical nobility, the Royal kinship and the important person in the country always wear the songket.
It shown the rank of person and the place of the person in the country. This songket well-known in Malaysia and Indonesia.
Songket have high historical value as a heritage fabric quality. Other than that, it can lift up prestige the person who wear it with a motif and color of loom as the symbol of the person prestige.
Songket is a fabric that belongs to the brocade family of textiles . It is hand-woven in silk or cotton , and intricately patterned with gold or silver threads. The metallic threads stand out against the background cloth to create a shimmering effect. In the weaving process the metallic threads are inserted in between the silk or cotton weft (latitudinal) threads. The term songket comes from the Malay word menyongket , ‘to embroider with gold or silver threads’. Songket is a luxury product traditionally worn during ceremonial occasions as sarong , shoulder cloths or head ties. Tanjak or Songket headdresses were worn at the courts of the Malay Sultanates .Traditionally Muslim women and adolescent girls wove songket; "some boys and men are also weaving today". Traditionally-patterned Sumatran textiles embody a system of interpretable emblems.
In Indonesia, songket is produced in Sumatra , Kalimantan , Bali , Sulawesi , Lombok and Sumbawa . Outside of Indonesia, further production areas include the east coast of the Malay Peninsula and Brunei . Songket weaving is historically associated with areas of Malay settlement, and the production techniques could have been introduced by Arab and Indian merchants. Historically, production was located in politically significant kingdoms because of the high cost of materials; the gold thread used was originally wound with real gold leaf .