Impact of aces
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Impact of aces Impact of aces Presentation Transcript

  • 1.Impact of early childhood adverse experiences on later health and development
  • Impact of Toxic Stress Over Lifetime ACE Study Shows an indisputable relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences & Adult Health
  • ACE Study • Physical abuse • Emotional abuse • Sexual abuse • An alcohol and/or drug abuser in the household • Someone who is chronically depressed, mentally, ill, institutionalized, or suicidal • One or no parents • Emotional or physical neglect Finding Your ACE Score 092406RA4CR While you were growing up, during your first 18 years of life:1. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often… Swear at you, insult you, put you down, or humiliate you?or Act in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 2. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often… Push, grab, slap, or throw something at you?or Ever hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured?Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 3. Did an adult or person at least 5 years older than you ever… Touch or fondle you or have you touch their body in a sexual way? or Attempt or actually have oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse with you? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 4. Did you often or very often feel that …No one in your family loved you or thought you were important or special? or Your family didn’t look out for each other, feel close to each other, or support each other? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 5. Did you often or very often feel that …You didn’t have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes, and had no one to protect you? or Your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you or take you to the doctor if you needed it? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 6. Were your parents ever separated or divorced?Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 7. Was your mother or stepmother:Often or very often pushed, grabbed, slapped, or had something thrown at her? or Sometimes, often, or very often kicked, bitten, hit with a fist, or hit with something hard? or Ever repeatedly hit at least a few minutes or threatened with a gun or knife? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 8. Did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic or who used street drugs? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 9. Was a household member depressed or mentally ill, or di d a household member attempt suicide? Yes No If yes enter 1 ________ 10. Did a household member go to prison? Yes No If yes enter 1 _______Now add up your “Yes” answers: _______ This is your ACE Score. ACEs Questionnaire The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences & Adult Health
  • Adverse Childhood Experiences • Physical, emotional or sexual abuse (25% beaten as a child) • Emotional or physical neglect • Growing up with family members who had mental illness, alcoholism or drug problems (25%) • Family violence • Incarcerated family member • One or no parents • Parental divorce Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Information available at http://www.cdc.gov/ace/index.htm Of 17,000 respondents, two-thirds had at least 1 adverse childhood event.
  • Source: V. Felitti, 2005 Widespread Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences Substance abuse 27% Parental separation/divorce 23% Mental illness 17% Battered mother 13% Incarcerated family member 6% Household dysfunction Psychological 11% Physical 28% Sexual 21% Emotional 15% Physical 10% Abuse Neglect Of 17,000 respondents, 2/3s had at least 1 ACE.
  • ACE Scores Linked to Physical & Mental Health Problems One in six people had 4 or more ACEs. People with 4 or more ACEs were: Twice as likely to be smokers. Seven times as likely to be alcoholics. Men with 6 or more ACEs were 46 times as likely to inject drugs.
  • ACE Scores Linked to Physical & Mental Health Problems People with 4+ ACEs were likely to: • Be sexually active before age 15: 6x • Have cancer or heart disease: 2x • Attempt suicide: 12x People with 7+ ACEs had: • A 360% higher risk for heart disease, even if they did not smoke, drink, or carry extra weight Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Information available at http://www.cdc.gov/ace/index.htm
  • Early Adverse Experiences Physical Health Problems Mental Health Problems Crime & Delinquency Addictions Poor Parenting Capacity Academic & School Problems …lead to a multitude of societal problems:
  • 1. Heart disease 2. Cancer 3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases 4. Stroke 5. Unintentional injuries 6. Alzheimer's disease 7. Diabetes 8. Kidney disease 9. Influenza and pneumonia 10. Suicide ACE Study, Felitti et al. 1998 ACEs Predict the 10 Leading Causes of Adult Death/Disability
  • Chronic Disease Alcohol, Tobacco, Drugs Psychiatric Disorders Risky Sex Impaired Cognition Work/School Attendance, Behavior, Performance Genetics Experience triggers gene expression (Epigenetics) Critical & Sensitive Developmental Periods Adverse Childhood Experience MORE CATEGORIES – GREATER IMPACT Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse Emotional Abuse, Neglect Witnessing Domestic Violence Depression/Mental Illness in Home Incarcerated Family Member Substance Abuse in Home Loss of a Parent Brain Development Electrical, Chemical, Cellular Mass Crime Obesity Poverty Intergenerational Transmission, Disparity Source: Family Policy Council, 2012 10 Lifespan Impacts of ACEs Adaptation Hard-Wired Into Biology
  • Source: Family Policy Council, 2012 Many Societal Problems Attributable to Childhood Adversity
  • Adverse Childhood Events (ACE) Source: Video Clips from Felitti, Vincent J. MD. The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Health Status.
  • Untreated Adverse Early Childhood Events Only Exacerbate Over Time Childhood • Developmental Delays • Expulsion Adolescence • Delinquency • Mental Health • Sexual Activity • Drugs & Alcohol • Violence Adulthood • Psychiatric Problems • Drug Abuse • Alcohol • Crime Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Information available at http://www.cdc.gov/ace/index.htm
  • High ACEs in Florida’s DJJ Population Sample Size 64,329 Youth reporting no ACEs 1,793 Youth reporting one or more ACEs 62,536 3% 97% ACE Score Florida’s DJJ ACE Study 0 2.8% 36.1% 1 10% 26% 2 16% 15.9% 3 21% 9.5% 4 + 50% 12.5% Sources: DJJ data interpolated from data supplied by Nathan Epps, co-author of a forthcoming publication in the Journal of Juvenile Justice entitled “The Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) in the Lives of Juvenile Offenders,” by Michael Baglivio and Nathan Epps, Kimberly Swartz, Mona Sayedul Huq, Amy Sheer and Nancy Hardt. The ACE Study data source is prevalence for insured adults based the entire ACE Study sample (n=17,337) as posted by the CDC available at http://www.cdc.gov/ace/prevalence.htm.
  • High ACEs in Head Start Sample Source: C. Blodgett, 2012 • 60% exposed to violence when <age 4 • Mean ACE was >3 • Mean ACE of their parent’s score was >5 • 2/3 of children with positive ACE screen had one report of social- emotional development concerns, as determined by teacher and parent DECA Head Start Children (N=50)
  • 36.7% 36.9% 31.3% 12.9% 22.2% 32.8% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Child less than 2 years of age Child is 2-3 years oldChild is 4-5 years old SOURCE: National Survey of Children's Health. NSCH 2011/12 All Children 0-5 Years Old In Households Between 0%-100% of Family Poverty Level All Children 0-5 Years Old 23.0% 26.0% 23.6% 6.1% 13.3% 18.0% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% Child less than 2 years of age Child is 2-3 years old Child is 4-5 years old 2 or more ACEs 1 ACE ACEs Among Young Children
  • ACEs Linked to Problems in Learning & Behavior 17 3% 51% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% No ACEs 4+ ACEs Source: National Child Traumatic Stress Network 1 of 4 School children exposed to a traumatic event.
  • Academi c Failure Severe Attendanc e Problems Severe School Behavior Concerns Frequent Reported Poor Health 3 or More ACEs N =248 3 5 4 2 ACEs N=213 2.5 2.5 4 2.5 1 ACE N=476 1.5 2 2.5 2 No Known ACEs N=1,164 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Source: C. Blodgett, 2012 ACEs Increase Odds for Academic & Health Problems
  • Correlates of Early Adversity in Florida Child Maltreatment Substance Abuse Domestic Violence Maternal & Newborn Health Poverty 19