Alessandro Broglia: VSF perspectives in livestock issues for the next decades
Vétérinaires Sans Frontières www.vsfe.org VSF perspectives inlivestock issues for the next decades Alessandro Broglia VSF Symposium, 6th October 2011
What do you thinkabout?Rich pastureHealthy cowBeautiful landscapeGood milkFood security !
What do you think about?12.3 million people are in need of assistance in the Horn of Africa146 000 people in Djibouti, 4.5 million in Ethiopia, 3.7 million in Kenya,4 million in Somalia.750 000 people in Somalia are at risk of death due to famine
Food SovereigntyFood Sovereignty is the right of every community andevery population to define its own agricultural policies,regarding the choice of the species to be cultivated andbred,the production process,the quality and safety of foods,the energetic implications,the markets,the access to resources,the social and environmental impact of production,the information for the consumers
Health One HealthAnimal Eco-HealthHealth Public Health
Eco-HealthWe are part of the biosphere rather than the planetbeing the house of humanshealthier ecosystemssustainable human and animal health and wellbeing
No borders !!medicine, health, agriculture,environment, economics, sociology,anthropology, geography, … Interface among health-environment-society
Wind of change… People Emergingmigration disease Production system Arabic springClimatechange Consumption patterns Drug resistance
Why vets ?Vets think across a wide range of speciesVets synthesize information •from many sources (economics, zoology, ecology, medicine) •from many spatial scales (microbial mechanisms, animal behaviour, agri-food systems structures)Vets can talk as easily: •with a farmer •with a government official Vets can shift topics from a single clinical case to the implications of international level
Why VSF ? Healthy animals - healthy people• improving livelihoods of most vulnerablemeans improving livestock condition;• reducing poverty by increasing foodsovereignty on the planet. www.vsfe.org
World Veterinary Congressin Cape Town next weekCARING FOR ANIMALS:HEALTHY COMMUNITIES www.vsfe.org
Actions in the SouthVSF supports rural communities, withactivities in the following areas :•Animal health services•Capacity Building•Natural Resources Management•Emergency Relief and Preparedness•Income generation•Awareness raising www.vsfe.org
Some figures• Today VSF is :>100 projects distributed over 40 countries• Human ressources :50 employees in HQs, 60 expatriates and 360 local employees.• Totalfinances :> 20 millionsEUROS www.vsfe.org
Actions in the NorthVSF implements projects in the North- Developement education projects- Knowledge management- Lobbying- Veterinary Information Service www.vsfe.org
VSF Europa tasks• To strengthen VSF members• To gather and share information regarding results and experience in the field (knowledge management)• To sensitize the wider public on the role of the livestock as key factor for sustainable development.• Worldwide advocacy www.vsfe.org
Severals VSFs Vetaid VSF Belgium (UK) VSF – TOG DIO Germany (NL) VSF AustriaAVSF France VSF Suisse Veterinarios Sin Fronteras SIVtro – VSF Italy ESP) (IT)
??????•Underdevelopment is the consequence of theover (wrong, unsustainable) development of others•Vet without borders: development is not possibleuntil borders remain.•Commodities move “freely”, people do not.•Why is development aid not working the way wewant?•Is there coherence in development projects?
Priorities•Supporting small farmers or livestock keepersassociations for better access to local markets•Locally focusing long term follow-up of developmentaid actions•Sensitize consumers – targeting them, planningmiddle to long term impact assessment on food market– on food sovereignty•Better coordination among policy makers dealingwith food trade, food security, food safety,development aid
Priorities•Stress the comparative advantage: report fieldexperience, facts, working solutions for smallscale farmers•Actions should highlight integration andparticipation of local communities in decisionmaking and crosscutting multi-disciplinary issues(animal health, natural resources mgmt, raisingawareness, …, …)•Provide family farmers with tools, land,credit, technical support, training•The keyword is awareness: in the North and inthe South!
Priorities - solutions•From top-down to bottom-up, beneficiaries shouldparticipate in the decision of their own developmentpolicies•Targeting consumers; strengthen the demand forlocal products in the development countries•More transparency and improving accountabilityworldwide
Priorities - solutions•Subsidized economies, unprotected markets,deregulated trade make developmentimpossible•Food safety should be taken intoconsideration when intervention of foodsecurity or food sovereignty are planned•Common good practices and commitmentsfor all VSF