Internet Voting in Estonia   Free & Fair Elections Ülle Madise Member of the  National Electoral Committee
contents <ul><li>some general information </li></ul><ul><li>the principle of secrecy (anonymity and privacy) </li></ul><ul...
general information <ul><ul><li>2005: the first-ever countrywide remote Internet voting with binding results at the local ...
general information II <ul><ul><li>2007: the first-ever countrywide remote Internet voting with binding results at the  pa...
principle of secrecy <ul><li>consists of 2 sub-principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anonymity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>votin...
sub-principle of  anonymity is  guaranteed by e-voting  as well as it is possible by postal voting   ( voting by  old-fash...
anonymity II <ul><li>the vote is encrypted (“inner envelope”) </li></ul><ul><li>the encrypted vote is linked with the pers...
sub-principle of privacy cannot be guaranteed by e-voting  or  voting by mail, therefore other methods to guarantee free e...
sub-principle of privacy  II <ul><li>•   the right to change the e-vote  with another e-vote: </li></ul><ul><li>–   for un...
sub-principle of privacy  III the last e-vote or paper ballot is counted •   paper-ballot priority !
equality <ul><ul><li>per one voter only one vote is counted! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it is impossible to guarantee stri...
rethinking of voting procedure and principles • election day as national red-letter day ? – advance poll days  2007:  19,8...
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Internet Voting in Estonia Free & Fair Elections (Madise)

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Internet Voting in Estonia Free & Fair Elections (Madise)

  1. 1. Internet Voting in Estonia Free & Fair Elections Ülle Madise Member of the National Electoral Committee
  2. 2. contents <ul><li>some general information </li></ul><ul><li>the principle of secrecy (anonymity and privacy) </li></ul><ul><li>the principle of voter´s equality </li></ul><ul><li>are we redefining democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. general information <ul><ul><li>2005: the first-ever countrywide remote Internet voting with binding results at the local government elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9317 e-voters; 9681 e-votes given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ 2 % of all actual voters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ 1 % of all persons entitled to vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no complaints to the NEC or courts, no problems with funktioning of the technical system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>positive result of IT audit </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. general information II <ul><ul><li>2007: the first-ever countrywide remote Internet voting with binding results at the parliamentary elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 275 e-votes given!!! (9 681 in 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-votes decryption on March 4th </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>1 000 000 ID cards issued with remote identification & digital signature funktion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ID card = primary identification document: </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. principle of secrecy <ul><li>consists of 2 sub-principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anonymity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>voting in privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the aim to guarantee the </li></ul><ul><li>f reedom of voters choice </li></ul>
  6. 6. sub-principle of anonymity is guaranteed by e-voting as well as it is possible by postal voting ( voting by old-fashioned mail ):
  7. 7. anonymity II <ul><li>the vote is encrypted (“inner envelope”) </li></ul><ul><li>the encrypted vote is linked with the personal data (digital signature as “outer envelope”) </li></ul><ul><li>decryption is only possible after removing “outer envelopes” </li></ul>
  8. 8. sub-principle of privacy cannot be guaranteed by e-voting or voting by mail, therefore other methods to guarantee free expression of the voters real will are required • the right to change the e-vote : – for unrestrikted number of times – during advance poll days: +enough time to change information btw NEC and polling stations: on sunday advance voters (incl e-voters will not receive any ballot paper!) +no advantage for e-voters in comparison to other advance voters • paper-ballot priority
  9. 9. sub-principle of privacy II <ul><li>• the right to change the e-vote with another e-vote: </li></ul><ul><li>– for unrestrikted number of times </li></ul><ul><li>– during advance poll days: </li></ul><ul><li>+enough time to change information btw NEC and polling stations: on sunday advance voters (incl e-voters will not receive any ballot paper!) </li></ul><ul><li>+no advantage for e-voters in comparison to other advance voters </li></ul><ul><li>... or paper ballot </li></ul>
  10. 10. sub-principle of privacy III the last e-vote or paper ballot is counted • paper-ballot priority !
  11. 11. equality <ul><ul><li>per one voter only one vote is counted! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it is impossible to guarantee strictly equal voting conditions; no one can choose btw all voting methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-voter´s right to change the e-vote is justified by the need to guarantee the principle of freedom </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. rethinking of voting procedure and principles • election day as national red-letter day ? – advance poll days 2007: 19,8% of all persons entitled to vote did vote in the advance poll days • going to the polling station as a ritual – voting by mail from abroad – voting at home, hospital, prison etc • voting in privacy as a duty supervised by the government – privacy as a sub-principle of freedom of electoral choice is not an aim in itself

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