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Carlsbad Caverns
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Carlsbad Caverns


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  • 1. Carlsbad Caverns
  • 2. Carlsbad Caverns National Park is a United States National Park in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. Most people come to the park to see the Carlsbad caverns. Visitors to the cave can hike in on their own through the natural entrance, or take the elevator directly to the Underground Lunchroom, which is 230 m below the ground.
  • 3. The caves stretch for many kilometers.
  • 4. Carlsbad Caverns National Park contains more than 110 limestone caves, the most famous of which is Carlsbad Cavern.
    Now let’s look at some pictures
    of these amazing caves!
  • 5. Carlsbad Cavern’s Natural Entrance
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. Temple of the Sun — Big Room Route
  • 9. How did these caves form?
    They formed when sulfuric acid dissolved the surrounding limestone. Over millions of years this created some of the largest caves in North America.
  • 10. Devils Den — Natural Entrance Route
  • 11.
  • 12. Stone “icicles” which hang from the roof and walls of some caves are called stalactites. The ones that rise out of the floor are called stalagmites. You can remember which way a stalagmite grows by remembering that it is harder to climb up than climb down so the stalagmite MIGHT grow up out of the floor.
  • 13. Hall of Giants — Big Room Route
    This is the largest chamber in Carlsbad Caverns, its floor space equals roughly 14 football fields.
  • 14. Dolls Theater — Big Room Route
  • 15. Giant and Twin Domes — Big Room Route
  • 16. Stalagmites and stalactites build up when water drips through rocks in a cave roof. These rocks contain mineral deposits. With each drip, the water evaporates, leaving the minerals hanging on the cave roof like an icicle, creating the stalactite. Sometimes, before evaporating, the water from stalactites drips onto the cave floor and builds a column of calcite from the floor up, creating a stalagmite.
  • 17. Caveman — Big Room Route
  • 18. Totem Pole — Big Room Route
  • 19. Crystal Springs Dome — Big Room Route
  • 20. Colonel Boles Formation — Lower Cave Tour
    In some cases, the stalactites and stalagmites grow to meet each other, join, and form a column. You can see in this photo that a stalactite and stalagmite have grown together to form a column.
  • 21. Rock of Ages — Big Room Route
  • 22. Chinese Theater — Big Room Route
  • 23. Queens Chamber — Kings Palace Tour
  • 24. Texas Toothpick — Lower Cave Tour
  • 25. Remember the baby jars
    at the back of the class?
    How are stalactites and stalagmites
    related to that experiment?