Tense construction

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A little something to make English Tense construction easier

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Tense construction

  1. 1. The Tenses English Tenses. English has 3 major tenses : ● Past ● Present ● Future Each of these is split into 4 parts : ● Simple ● Continuous ● Perfect Simple ● Perfect ContinuousCreated By :Absolute Services.
  2. 2. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I ride my bike. (I do ride my bike.) Continuous Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous Take an easy sentence – represented in present simple. “I ride my bike.” (I have included the auxiliary form as well)Created By :Absolute Services.
  3. 3. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous We change the sentence into the past by changing the auxiliary. Do → Did In the case of simple past we usually have a past simple version of the word, so use that instead of the auxiliary.Created By :Absolute Services.
  4. 4. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) I am going to ride my bike. Continuous Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous We change the sentence into the future again by changing the auxiliary. Do → Will Or Do → Be going to. (There are no future word forms so we must use an auxiliary)Created By :Absolute Services.
  5. 5. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) I am going to ride my bike. Continuous Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous Summary #1 – We can move from the present to the past or the future just by changing the auxiliary. Did ← → Do ← → Will (going to)Created By :Absolute Services.
  6. 6. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I am riding my bike. Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous We change the sentence into the continuous by changing the verb to “be verb +ing”. Do → Am verb+ing When using any form of continuous the verb always ends with -ing.Created By :Absolute Services.
  7. 7. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous Using the same concept in summary #1 we can now construct the past and future by altering the auxiliary. Was ← am (be)) → Will be (am going to be)Created By :Absolute Services.
  8. 8. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple Perfect Continuous Summary #2 To go from Simple to continuous involves changing the verb to “be + -ing” and applying the same auxiliary rules as before.Created By :Absolute Services.
  9. 9. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I have ridden my bike. Perfect Continuous To use a perfect tense we MUST include “have” as the auxiliary, and use the appropriate participle (past participle in this case) Do → HaveCreated By :Absolute Services.
  10. 10. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous Again applying the same rule as in summary #1 we just change the auxiliary to move from present to past or future. Had ← → Have ← → Will have (Note we use the participle form of the verb at all times)Created By :Absolute Services.
  11. 11. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous Summary #3 Whenever you use a perfect tense you must : ● have a form of the auxiliary “have”, ● Use a participle of the verb.Created By :Absolute Services.
  12. 12. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous I have been riding my bike. Summary #2 says : To form the continuous we have to : Change the verb to “be verb+ing” Summary #3 says: We also MUST add a “have” as the tense is perfect. We also need the participle of the verb (be) → beenCreated By :Absolute Services.
  13. 13. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous I had been riding my I have been riding I will have been bike. my bike. riding my bike. Again going from the present to the past/future involves changing the auxiliary. Had ← → Have ← → Will haveCreated By :Absolute Services.
  14. 14. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous I had been riding my I have been riding I will have been bike. my bike. riding my bike. Summary #1 ● To travel in time we change the auxiliary. Summary #2 ● All continuous forms require “be verb+ing” Summary #3 ● Whenever we use a perfect tense we require “Have” + a participle of the verb.Created By :Absolute Services.
  15. 15. The Tenses Past Present Future Simple I rode my bike. I ride my bike. I will ride my bike. (I did ride my bike.) (I do ride my bike.) Continuous I was riding my bike. I am riding my bike. I will be riding my bike. Perfect Simple I had ridden my I have ridden my I will have ridden my bike. bike. bike. Perfect Continuous I had been riding my I have been riding I will have been bike. my bike. riding my bike. Conclusion. You can happily go from : ● “I ride my bike to work every day” ● to ● “By the end of the year I will have been riding my bike for a year” Just by using a set of logical steps. Now, when you use them is a different subject I will cover later.Created By :Absolute Services.

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