Acg scsc689 s1_scotland
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Acg scsc689 s1_scotland Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Natural Resources and Agricultural Sustainability in the UK
    Scotland: Study Abroad, Summer 2010
  • 2. Background & purpose
    Trip Goals:
    Experiential Learning
    Technology Transfer
    partially funded by a travel grant from the Norman Borlaug Institute for International Agriculture
    Who was Norman Borlaug?
    An agronomist.
    • He won the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 3. Congressional Gold Medal Winner
    • 4. 50 honorary Doctorate Degrees
    • 5. His work on high-yield, disease resistant grains helped save billions of lives from starvation in: Mexico, Asia, Afria, India, and Pakistan
    Inspired by: The Man Who Fed the World
    “Reach for the stars. Although you will never touch them, you may get a little stardust on your hands.”
    • Norman Borlaug (1914 – 2009)- Agronomist & unsung hero
    • 6. Father of the Green Revolution
  • Mission
    Scotland will serve as a comparative case study of U.S. and Scottish natural resources, land use, agricultural production, and management practices.
    Students will observe how … geography, culture, history, and economics help define sustainable solutions.
    Topics to be covered are:
    • Conservation
    • Energy production
    • Farming
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
    • Manufacturing
    • Sustainable land use
    • Tourism
    • and Soil Sampling
  • 7. Team Scotland
    Inter Disciplinary
    • 3 Grad Students
    • 8. 4 Undergrads
    • 9. 2 Professors
    Andrew Gayley
    Jason McMillan
    Brittany Bates
    John Baddeley/SAC
    Laura Bradt
    Robin Walker/SAC
    Rachel Brooks
    Rachel Brauner
    Ben Meritt
  • 10. Trip leaders
    Led by Co-Facilitators from the:
    Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
    Dr. Jacqueline Aitkenhead-Peterson
    Assistant Professor ofUrban Nutrient and Water ManagementDepartment of Soil and Crop Sciences
    Dr. Cristine L. Morgan
    Assistant Professor of Soil Science
    Department of Soil and Crop Sciences
    Miss Orie Varner (not pictured)
    Trip Advisor
    Study Abroad Programs Office (SAPO)
  • 11. Travel Route
    Houston - London – Aberdeen
    • Distance: > 5,000 mi
    • 12. Time: 23 hrs? w/ layovers, ash, taxis
  • Travel Route
    1,400 mi Road Trip
    • Two Cars
    • 13. Figure 8 (Aberdeen to Aberdeen)
    • 14. All geographic regions
  • Academics & research
    Overview:
    Crash-course in the organization of Scottish technical higher education
    Interacted with:
    20 Administrators, Instructors, and Researchers from …
    Academic and Research Institutes, and also visited …
    Active Field Research Stations
    Observed all geographic regions
  • 15. NE Grampian Region
    Macaulay Land-Use Research Institute
    • Soil, environmental studies, and land-use
    • 16. DOC in peatlands and upland watersheds
    SAC Craibstone Estate, Research Farms
    • Long-term crop hill and woodland plots
    • 17. Intercropping; nutrient budgets (N, P, K); weed/pest/disease control; energy budgets; GHGs; biodiversity; economics
    • 18. Also: herbs, oil seeds, pharms, vet srvcs
  • Western Islands
  • 19. Western Islands
    Isles of Mull, Staffa, Iona
    • Crofting, sheep, fishing, tourism
    • 20. Threatened Corncrake habitat
    SAMS, Dunstaffnage
    • Salmon farms and benthic ecology
    • 21. International consultation
    Ben Cruachan Reserve Power Scheme
    • 440 MW 22hr Max (12hr Rsv), 28s
    • 22. H2O pumped 360m from Loch Awe
    • 23. Turbines are below sea level
  • Lothians Region
    SAC, Bush Estates, CEH
    • Cereal trials
    • 24. Observe N levels, pest, & disease reaction to fertilizer / till treatments
    • 25. DNA and molecular chemistry lab capabilities
    • 26. EGENES: statistical pedigree recordkeeping & services for cattle, sheep, poultry, and fish
  • Edinburgh – capital city
    Edinburgh’s Royal Mile
    • Upper: Edinburgh Castle (c. 1093)
    Scottish Parliament (since 1999)
    • ‘Holyrood’ completed in 2004
    St. Giles Cathedral
    • High Kirk of Edinburgh
    Palace of Holyroodhouse
    • Queen’s Residence while in Scotland
  • Borders Region
    Whim Moss Peat Bog Experiment Station
    • Effects of different forms of N on: lichen, sphagnum moss, peat moss, heather
    • 27. Ammonia, ammonium, nitrate, etc.
    • 28. Simulates fertilizers & poultry influence
    Auchencorth Moss Carbon Attachment
    • EU Air Quality Monitoring ‘Supersite’
    • 29. PM10, radiation, temp, rainfall, deposition flux: of ammonia, NOX, SO2, O3, base ions
    • 30. Analyzers / modems in skid-mount bldgs
  • Dumfries & Galloway
    SAC, Crighton Estate @ Dumfries
    • SAC Dairy Research Station (UofE)
    • 31. Research focused on bovine health, dairy (milk) production, animal temperament, and food security
    • 32. Experiments: forage, silage, loafing, furniture, slurry application
  • Dumfries & Galloway
    SAC, Crighton Estate
    • Support EGENES with X-ray and CT Scan services available to top sheep breeders
    • 33. Interesting history and architecture
    • 34. Emphasis on food security
  • Argyll & Bute
    New Lanark – World Heritage Site
    • Largest cotton mill in Great Britain on the Clyde Falls
    • 35. Est. by Robert Owens (1800’s): industrial & social reformer
    • 36. Peregrine Falcon Nesting/Birding Site
  • Western Highlands
    SAC Kirkton, Upland Sheep Research Station
    • Demonstration farm, providing: ecological, economic, ultrasound services
    • 37. Climate stats & micro-renewables
    Loch Region (the Highland Lakes)
    • Lochs Etvie, Laggan, Lorn, Awe, Lomond, Clatteringshaw, and Tay
    • 38. Drove through Trossachs National Park
  • Western Highlands
    Old Tyndrum Lead Mines - near Crianlarich
    • On the West Highland Way
    • 39. Operational: 18th to early 20th century
    • 40. Historic depiction: tools, life, hazards, diet, and compensation for a typical lead miner
    • 41. Soil sampling: upstream, tailing and leachfieldnearcrusher, smelter, downstream floodplain
  • Central and Tayside
    Stirling / Falkirk – on River Forth
    • Falkirk Wheel: 13m elevation
    • 42. Forth and Clyde Canal: tunnel, lock system
    • 43. Old Stirling Bridge
  • North sea & Aberdeenshire
    Chaleton Fruit Farms
    • Production Farm: tabletop, drip irrigation
    • 44. Climate: hoop houses, biodegradable plastic row cover
    Cairngorms National Park
    • Ecology, mature forests, stream geomorphology, land management, and DOC in streams
  • Cultural exchange
  • 45. Cultural exchange
  • 46. Overarching Themes
    Land Management:
    • Scotland: 1/9 size of Texas
    • 47. Population: 1/5 Texas
    • 48. 75% in less favored areas
    • 49. Crop rotation and stewardship
    Water Quality:
    • 3X rainfall of Texas
    • 50. Peat bog leachate, fertilizer runoff, manure impacts, erosion, lochs
    Air Quality:
    • Agriculture is significant contributor
    • 51. NO2 has 300X warming potential of CO2
    • 52. 80% reduction mandated by Kyoto
  • The Synthesis
    Triple Point:
    • Stewardship – Water Quality – Air Quality
    • 53. Falls within a range dictated by:
    - Market Price - System Health - Waste Minimization
    - Energy Conservation
    - Aesthetics of the land
    • The moving target is: Balance
    The ‘balance’ seemed to be confounded by another intangible factor:
    • Heightened nationwide Social Conscious
    • 54. Regarding food production and consumption
    • 55. Noticed ‘Fairtrade’ labels in almost every store
    What is Fairtrade?
  • 56. The Synthesis
    Between 2004 to 2007:
    Scotland and Wales strove to become the world’s first Fairtrade Nations
    Mission:
    Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, and fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in the developing world. By requiring companies to pay sustainable prices (which must never fall lower than the market price), Fairtrade addresses the injustices of conventional trade, which traditionally discriminates against the poorest, weakest producers. It enables them to improve their position and have more control over their lives.
    Buy local – otherwise buy fair.
  • 57. The Message
    Parting Thought:
    • Old Mediterranean proverb:“a triple braided rope is not easily broken”
    • 58. In our case, those braids might be: Fair Trade - Stewardship – Education
    Finally:
    • Thanks to Dr. Peterson, Dr. Morgan, and Orie
    • 59. They breathed life into an old quote by the German educator, Kurt Hahn: “Tell me, and I may forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I'll understand”
    The group definitely has a better understanding of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sustainability in Scotland.
  • 60. The end
    Big Thanks –
    it was brilliant!
  • 61. Ode to A Haggis by rabbie burns
    Excerpts from Original
    Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face,Great chieftain o' the puddin-race!Aboon them a' ye tak your place,Painch, tripe, or thairm:Weel are ye wordy o' a graceAs lang's my arm.But mark the Rustic, haggis fed,The trembling earth resounds his tread.Clap in his walienieve a blade,He'll mak it whissle;An' legs an' arms, an' heads will sned,Like taps o' thrissle.
    Ye Pow'rswhamak mankind your care,And dish them out their bill o' fare,Auld Scotland wants naeskinking wareThat jaups in luggies;But, if ye wish her gratefu' prayer,Gie her a haggis!
    Translation
    Fair is your honest happy faceGreat chieftain of the pudding raceAbove them all you take your placeStomach, tripe or gutsWell are you worthy of a graceAs long as my arm But take note of the strong haggis fed ScotThe trembling earth resounds his treadClasped in his large fist a bladeHe'll make it whistleAnd legs and arms and heads he will cut offLike the tops of thistles
    You powers who make mankind your careAnd dish them out their mealsOld Scotland wants no watery foodThat splashes in dishesBut if you wish her grateful prayerGive her a haggis!