Power in interpersonal relationships

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Power in interpersonal relationships

  1. 1. What is power in interpersonalrelationshipPrinciples of PowerTypes of PowerCommunicating Power
  2. 2. Power is ability to doactInterpersonalRelationship is therelationship betweenpeople that is morepersonal and closer.So.. Power inInterpersonalRelationship is…
  3. 3. • Power influences whatyou do, when you do it,and with whom. Itinfluences your choice infinding friends, romanticpartner and familyrelationships.
  4. 4. • Everyone canincrease theirpower in someways, butalso, powercan bedecreased
  5. 5. • In anyinterpersonalrelationship, theperson who holdsthe power is theone lessinterested in andless dependent onthe rewards andpunishmentscontrolled by theother person. Themore a personneeds arelationship, theless power that aperson has in it.
  6. 6. • Cultures differ inthe amount ofpower thatexists betweenpeople and in theattitudes thatpeople haveabout power.There is a greatpower distancebetween men andwomen in Asian,African, and Arabcultures.
  7. 7. • Sexualharassment– Quid Pro Quo– HostileEnvironmentHarassment
  8. 8. • Power Plays– “NobodyUpstairs”– “You owe me”– “You’ve got tobe kidding!”
  9. 9. • Referent• Legitimate• Expert• Information andpersuasion power• Reward and coercivepower
  10. 10. • The powerover otherswhen theybelieve youhave the rightto influenceor controltheirbehavior. ,because youhave aposition, forexample inworkplace.
  11. 11. • Poweroverotherswhen theysee youhave theexpertiseinsomethingorknowledge
  12. 12. • Power overothers whenthey see you ashaving theability tocommunicatelogically andpersuasively.
  13. 13. • power overothers if youhave the abilityto reward them,rewards may bematerial orsocial.• power overothers when youhave the abilityto administerpunishments orremove rewardsif others fail toyield to yourinfluence.
  14. 14. • Speaking power• Nonverbal power• Listening Power• Compliance Gaining andCompliance Resisting• Empowering Others
  15. 15. • Powerfulness orpowerlessness ofpeople arecommunicatedthrough the speech.• There are powerlessforms of speech suchas– Hesitations– Intensifiers– Disqualifiers– Tag questions– Slef-criticalstatements– Slang
  16. 16. • Ability of peopleto persuade andinfluence othersthroughnonverbalcommunicationsuch as:– Gestures– Eye contact– Facial Expression– Clothes
  17. 17. • We alsocommunicatepowerthroughlistening, bylisten activelyto people.Focus andconcentrateon what isbeing said, onwhat peoplesay they wantor need.
  18. 18. • Compliancegainingstrategies:– Tacticsaimed atinfluencingothers todo what youwant themto do.
  19. 19. • Complianceresistingstrategies:– Tactics thatenable you tosay no and toresist anotherperson’sattempts toinfluence you
  20. 20. • Enablespeople to gainpower andcontrol overthemselvesand over theenvironment.
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