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Agave as feedstock for biofuels, bioproducts and biopower.

Agave as feedstock for biofuels, bioproducts and biopower.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • THX Dave!
    You should look at Opuntia ficus indica (chumbera) as food, fodder and feedstock for biofuels, bioproducts and biomaterials production. First harvesting by month 6. Similar biomass yields as agave. Great for biogas-to-electricity generation (US$0.07 per kWh or US$2 per MMBTU). Potential for bioplastics.
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  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wVu_awlHTVU

    Thank you so much for your brilliant presentation. You will see from the sub-titled YouTube presentation that we are faced with the death of our Ecosystem. ECOCIDE.

    We propose European Desert Mixed Farming as a solution to our imminent destruction caused by the draining of our aquifers.

    See also our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Ecocide-El-Rio-De-Aguas-Spain/279736038884914

    Thank you so much for your support. David.
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  • check your mail...
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  • sir my email address is jett_maunahan@yahoo.com, in case you didn't receive my mail. thank you very much
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  • @Proyectoagaves Thank you very much sir. I have already sent you an email. Sir may I ask if what is the average bagasse composition in the agave plant. thank you sir.
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Agave Project Presentation Agave Project Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • AGAVE PROJECT México 2008
  • Agave tequilana weber
    • Our enhanced cultivar produces:
    • 3X more sugars than sugarcane, up to 42° Brix
    • 8X more cellulose than the fastest-growing tree
      • 64.9% of its dry biomass is cellulose
    • 4X more dry biomass than the GMO poplar tree, or the switchgrass
    • 2X more fructose syrup than corn (pound for pound)
    • 2X more inulin than licorice (pound for pound)
    • Captures 4X more CO2 than any tree
    • Other agave species can even double these numbers
  • Industrial Products Derived from Agave CELLULOSE : P&P World market growing 13% annually BIOPLASTICS : Substitute any plastic. Sales doubled in two years in the EU FRUCTOSE : Very rapid market growth FIBRES: High demand for furniture and pressed boards industries
    • OTHER PRODUCTS:
    • COGENERATION OF ELECTRICITY (heating and cooling)
    • INULIN, FILLING FOR DISPOSABLE DIAPERS, ACIDS ADHESIVES, FOAMS, METHANOL, POLYMERS, FILM, ANTIFREEZE, INULIN, TABLE SUGAR SUBSTITUTE
    ETHANOL : Strategic for national security and Climate Change
  • ANUAL PER HECTARE PRODUCTION (ENHANCED VARIETY)
    • 200+ TONNES OF BIOMASS
      • 80+ TONNES OF DRY BIOMASS, WITH
        • 52 TONNES OF CELLULOSE
        • 8,000 GALLONS OF CELLULOSIC ETHANOL
    • AND
    • 5,000 GALLONS OF DISTILLED ETHANOL, OR
    • 10+ TONNES OF HIGH FRUCTOSE, OR
    • 22 TONNES OF INULIN, OR
    • 22,000 LITRES OF TEQUILA
  • AGAVE DERIVED PRODUCTS INTEGRATED BIO-REFINERY W/ZERO WASTE
    • BIOFUELS
        • ETHANOL (DISTILLED AND CELLULOSIC), BUTANOL, METHANOL, AND FEEDSTOCK FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
    • 45+ BIOPRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AGAVE
        • FRUCTOSE SYRUP, INULIN, AGAVE “HONEY”, BIOPLASTICS, DEHYDRATED SYRUP (SUBSTITUTE FOR TABLE SUGAR), COMPOST, CELLULOSE PULP, PAPER, ACIDS, BIOPOLYMERS, FIBRES FOR PRESSED BOARDS, TEXTILE FIBRES, SYNTHETIC FIBRES, PHENOL, CO, CO2, ANTIFREEZE, PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM, GLUE FOR WOOD, INSULATING FOAM, CELLULOSE ALPHA, GEL, NON-WOOVEN MATERIAL (CELLULOSE FOR DISPOSABLE DIAPERS AND SANITARY TOWELLETS), MOULDINGS, HYDROGEN, FUNGUS FOR CATTLE FEEDING ...
    • BIOENERGY (USING LIGNIN AND HEMI-CELLULOSE FIBRES)
        • PELLETS AND BRIQUETTES,
        • SYN-GAS
        • BIOGAS
        • PYROLYSIS
  • Bioenergy and Bioproducts Derived from Agave
    • 40+ BIOPRODUCTS:
    • Cellulose and paper – Pellets
    • Bioplastics - Inulin - Aditives
    • Fructose syrup - Gel -Methanol
    • - Acids - Pressed boards - MDF
    BIORREFINERY INTEGRAL BIOFUELS: -Ethanol -Butanol -Green gas -
    • CHP (Heat and Power)
    • - Syn Gas - Methane
    • Biocarbon
    • Pellets - Pyrolysis
    SUGARS : FRUCTOSE INULIN BIOMASS : CELLULOSE FIBRES
  • DISTILLED ETHANOL PRODUCTION PRODUCT / PROCESS CORN (USA) AGAVE (head) SUGAR CANE (BR) FEEDSTOCK NEEDED FOR 1 LITER OF ETHANOL 3 Kg 6 Kg 13.4 Kg FEEDSTOCK PRODUCTION TONNES / HECTARE / YEAR 12 110+ 75.3 (MX) YEARS TO HARVEST 1 6 1 PRODUCTION OF DISTILLED ETHANOL GALLONS / ACRE / YEAR 400 2,000 800 PRODUCTION OF BIOMASS TONNES / HECTARE / YEAR 25 200+ (80 TONNES DRY BIOMASS) 100 WATER REQUIRIMENTS HIGH NONE - VERY LOW VERY HIGH FIELD LABOUR HIGH MINIMUM HIGH ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT (FERTILIZERS-INSECTICIDES) VERY HIGH VERY LOW HIGH ENERGETIC BALANCE 1.3 12+ (Est.) 8.2 AGRICULTURAL VALUE OF LAND VERY HIGH VERY LOW VERY HIGH DEMAND AS FOOD VERY HIGH NONE HIGH SUGARS 5% - 11% 27% – 42% 10% - 14%
  • CELLULOSIC ETHANOL PRODUCTION PRODUCT / PROCESS POPLAR TREE (GMO) AGAVE (cultivar) SWITCHGRASS YEARS TO HARVEST 7 6 10 DRY BIOMASS TONNES/HA/YR 13 – 20 80 6 – 20 ETHANOL PRODUCTION GALLONS/HA/YR 1,300 – 2,000 8,000 600 – 2,000 ENERGETIC BALANCE 12 12+ (Est.) 7 AGRICULTURAL VALUE OF LAND HIGH VERY LOW VERY HIGH WATERING AND AGROCHEMICALS REQUIREMENTS VERY HIGH VERY LOW VERY HIGH
  • DRY BIOMASS PER HECTARE
  •  
  • WORLD ETHANOL MARKET GROWS VIGOROUSLY
    • Enhanced agave produces 5X more
    • ethanol than yellow corn at 25% of its
    • cost, and 3X more ethanol than
    • sugarcane at around 50% of its cost
    • Using bacteria to produce ethanol increases yield reduces waste
    • Agave is no food, Ethanol from agave can put an end to the
    • Food VS Fuel crisis
    • In 2022 the USA will consume 36,000M gallons of ethanol
    • In 2010, the EU will use 5.75% of biofuels in transportation
    • Emergent economies are thirsty for biofuels
    • Mexico has millions of hectares suitable for agave plantations
    • Agave can be cultivated in 41% of the world habitable land
    • Agave is the best feedstock for cellulosic and distilled ethanol
    • President Obama will double bioenergy production by 2012
  • CELLULOSE FOR PAPER MAKING Each hectare of agave produces 52 tonnes of cellulose per year One tonne of cellulose is around US$700 Producing cellulose from agaves is 50% cheaper than from trees and needs, at least, one year less time to harvest Cellulose from agave can be used for: currency/security/writing-printing paper, tea bags, coffee filters, disposable diapers, toilet paper, cardboard glasses, napkins, disposable diapers, etc. FIBER FOR FURNITURE, PRESSED BOARDS, MDF AND MOULDINGS Agave fibre is used in furniture production (exported to the USA) It could be used for making platforms for transportation industry as well as for moulded furniture and articles and for pressed boards . Agave pressed boards cost 60% less than wood pressed boards PULP AND PAPER MARKETS GROW STEADILY
  • BIOPLASTICS MARKET GROWS 50% EACH YEAR IN THE EU BIOPLASTICS 100 % fast recyclable Manufactured from cellulose, starch, polymers or molasses. Compete with plastics in characteristics, quality and price Brazil will open a Bio-polyethylene plant from the ETHANOL in 2009 Industrial uses: Packaging, transport, agriculture, automobile, construction, educational materials, home, furniture, toys... FRUCTOSE SYRUP Agave produces 2X more fructose syrup than yellow corn. It is also healthier, can even be consumed by diabetics. High demand in the food, beverage and pharmacist industries: Sodas, health food, diet products, marmalades, honeys, syrups, food and medication for diabetics, condensed milk, child medications, probiotics, nutraceutics…
  • Arturo Vélez Jiménez [email_address] Phone-Fax: +(5255) 5544 5832 Mobile: 04455 3424 9126