Born in South Africa. In July, 18 1918 Son of Henry Mandela and Nosekeni Fanny. Went to 2 Universities. University of Witwatersrand andFort Hare University. Qualified in law in 1942. Joined the African National Congress (ANC). Got arrested. Announces retirement. Married 3 times. Has 6 children.
In prison for 27 years. Encouraged black South Africans to go on strike. illegally leaving South Africa. In most of his life he fought for an end to apartheid in South Africa. Named a terrorist because he supported the ANC.
The rights of black people. Wanted black people to be treated the same as white people.What was happening? Black people were forced to live in small areas. Couldn’t leave without a ‘pass’.
First black President of South Africa. Nobel Peace Prize award. 2 Nelson Mandela statues. Streets and bridges named in his honour. On postage stamps. The Nelson Mandela Stadium. The Nelson Mandela Museum. The Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund. The Nelson Mandela Foundation. ‘Mandela Day’.
Voice of NelsonMandela’s owndefense at trial onApril 20, 1964My Lord,I am the third accused.I admit, immediately,that I was one of thepersons who helped toform Umkhonto we Sizwe.But what a just sharein the whole of South Africa.During my lifetime,I have dedicated my lifeto this struggleof the African people.It is an ideal for whichI hope to liveand to see it realized.But My Lord,if it needs be,it is an ideal for whichI am preparedto die.
Nel son Mandel a cel ebrat es 92nd bi rt hday wi t h f ami l y i nJohannesburg
Year Date Event1918 July 18 Born Rolihlahla Mandela at Mvezo in the Transkei1925 Attends primary school near Qunu (receives the name ‘Nelson’from a teacher)1927 Entrusted to Thembu Regent Jongintaba Dalindyebo1934 Undergoes initiation; Attends Clarkebury Boarding Institute inEngcobo1937 Attends Healdtown, the Wesleyan College at Fort Beaufort1939 Enrols at the University College of Fort Hare, in Alice1940 Expelled
1941 Escapes an arranged marriage; becomes a mine night watchman;Starts articles at the law firm Witkin, Sidelsky & Eidelman1942 Completes BA through the University of South Africa (UNISA)1942 Begins to attend African National Congress (ANC) meetings informally1943 Graduates with BA from Fort Hare; Enrols for an LLB at WitsUniversity1944 Co-founds the ANC Youth League (ANCYL); marries Evelyn NtokoMase – they have four children: Thembekile (1945); Makaziwe (1947 –who dies after nine months); Makgatho (1950); Makaziwe (1954)1948 Elected national secretary of the ANCYL1951 Elected President of the ANCYL
1952 Defiance Campaign begins; Arrested and charged for violating theSuppression of Communism Act; Elected Transvaal ANC President;Convicted with J.S Moroka, Walter Sisulu and 17 others under theSuppression of Communism Act; Sentenced to nine months imprisonmentwith hard labour, suspended for two years; Elected first of ANC deputypresidents; Opens South Africa’s first black law firm with Oliver Tambo1953 Devises the M-Plan for the ANC’s future underground operations1955 Watches as the Congress of the People at Kliptown launches theFreedom Charter1956 Arrested and joins 155 others on trial for Treason. All are acquitted by 29March 19611958 Divorces Evelyn Mase; Marries Nomzamo Winnie Madikizela – they havetwo daughters: Zenani (1959) and Zindzi (1960)
1960 March 21 Sharpeville MassacreMarch 30 A State of Emergency imposed and he is amongthousands detainedApril 8 The ANC is banned1961 Goes underground; Umkhonto weSizwe (MK) is formed1962 January 11 Leaves the country for military training and to garnersupport for the ANCAugust 5 Arrested near Howick in KwaZulu-Natal; Sentenced to fiveyears for incitement and leaving the country illegally
1963 May 27 Sent to Robben IslandJune 12 Returned to Pretoria Local PrisonOctober Charged for sabotage in the Rivonia trial with nineothers1964 June 11 All except Rusty Bernstein and James Kantor areconvicted and sentenced (June 12) to life1969 July 13 Thembekile is killed in a car accident1982 March 31 Mr Mandela, Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and AndrewMlangeni and later Ahmed Kathrada are sent toPollsmoor Prison
• Former South African President Nelson Mandela and his wife GracaMachel, wave to the audience during a Live 8 concert in Johannesburg, SouthAfrica
2011 January Is admitted to hospital in Johannesburg where he was diagnosed with a chestinfection. He is discharged after two nights2011 May 16 Votes in the local government elections2011 June His book Nelson Mandela By Himself: The Authorised Book of Quotations ispublished2011 June 21 Is visited at home by American First Lady Michelle Obama and her daughtersSasha and Malia2011 July 18 Celebrates his 93rd birthday with his family in Qunu, Eastern Cape2011 October 21 Is officially counted in South Africa’s Census 20112011 December Spends Christmas with family in Qunu2012 February 25 Admitted to hospital for abdominal complaint. Discharged after one night2012 July 18 Celebrates his 94th birthday with his family in Qunu, Eastern CapeDecember 8 Is admitted to hospitalDecember 26 Is discharged from hospital