The testament of Alfred NobelThe Nobel Prize is an award of global significance, givenannually to individuals who have distinguished themselves invarious fields of knowledge. The award was established followingthe last will of Alfred Nobel. The award ceremony for the NobelPeace Prize takes place in Oslo. The winner of the prize ischosen by a Committee for the Norwegian Nobel.
OsloDecember 10, 2003‘’ MOTIVATION ’’The Nobel Committee ispleased to award "a womanwho is part of the Muslimworld," reads the citation of theaward underlining how “Ebadidoes not see conflict betweenIslam and fundamental humanrights "." It is important to herthat the dialogue betweendifferent cultures and religionsof the world can start fromshared values "," its main arenais the struggle for fundamentalhuman rights, and no societiesdeserve to be called civilized, ifthe rights of women andchildren are not respected “
Irans first female and first Muslimto receive the NobelShirin Ebadi has been concentrated inthe struggle for the rights of womenand children.
Lawyer and PacifistShirin Ebadi, an Iranian lawyerand pacifist was born inHamadan, 21 June 1947. herfather was a teacher ofcommercial law. Shirin Ebadistudied law at the University ofTeheran and after graduationshe made the exams tobecome a magistrate As alawyer she deals with cases ofliberals and dissidents comeinto conflict with the IranianJudicial System which is oneof the bastions of the moreconservative wing of thegovernment.After the Islamic revolution of 1979she was forced, like all womenjudges, to abandon the judiciaryand after widespread protestsshe was given the opportunity tocollaborate in the court in the roleof expert in law.
‘’ EXILE ’’In November 2009, the Tehran policeraided her apartment beating herhusband and seized the Nobel Prizefor peace. At the relevant time Ebadihad been in London since June in asort of self-imposed exile to escape awarrant for her arrest for an allegedtax evasion, which could reach on herreturn at home. On receiving thenews, the woman said, "Nothingscares me any more ,even if theythreaten to arrest me for tax evasionon my return. They claim that I owe thegovernment $ 410,000 in back taxesfor the Nobel Prize: a canard since theIranian tax law provides that awardsare exempt. If they do this to a highprofile person like me, I wonder howthey behave in secret with a student orordinary citizen. "