Liu Xiaobo (born 28December 1955) is aChinese literarycritic, writer, professor, and human rights activist He is currentlyimprisoned
In the spring of 1989 he played a crucialrole in the spreading pro-democracymovement - He spent two years in prisonfor his role In 2004 he released his essay criticizingthe use of “subversion” charges used tosilence journalists and activists and hehas been the target of police
Charter 08 is a manifestoinitially signed by over 350Chinese intellectuals andhuman rights activists,adopting name and style fromthe anti-Soviet Charter 77issued by dissidents inCzechoslovakia. It was published on 10December 2008. Liu Xiabo was one of mainauthors
Two days before the official release of theCharter,8 December 2008,Liu was taken intocustody by the police On 23 June 2009, the Beijing procuratorateapproved Lius arrest on charges of "suspicionof inciting subversion of state power„ In December 2009 he was sentenced for 11years imprisonment.
On 8 October 2010, theNobel Committee awardedLiu the Nobel Peace Prize"for his long and non-violentstruggle for fundamentalhuman rights in China „ his statement, titled "I haveno enemies", was later readin the ceremony which Liuwas unable to attend due toimprisonment