No – they have to legislate according to the rule of law, precedent and tradition.
Formal and informal checks and balances, such as party discipline, the Official Opposition, public reaction and pressure groups, normally ensure that the Parliament legislates according to its legal responsibilitie
A Parliament has a maximum duration of 5 years, but it is often dissolved and a general election called before the end of this term. Sometimes the maximum is prolonged, but only in emergency situations such as the two World Wars.
Whips are people who inform members of their parties of forthcoming parliamentary business, and maintaining the party’s voting strength in the Commons by making sure their members attend all important debates.
MPs receive notice from the Whips’ office of how important a vote is, and the information will be underlined up to three times. “A three line whip” signifies a crucial vote
Every party has to have some Whips. They are chosen by the party leaders.