MAJOR RESEARCHERS Walter Mischel: Stanford professor of psychology that was in charge of this experiment.
PARTICIPANTS Young children around the age of 4 or 5.
YEARS OF STUDY 1960’s (later continued through present day)
YEAR PUBLISHED 2009 published about the connection between the test and success rate.
CONCEPT TESTED Originally will power and self- control were being tested, but later the tested concept became how the given situation would relate to success later in life.
PROCEDURESHypothesis: If a child is able to wait for a secondmarshmallow and problem solve with their self controlthen they will have a high success rate as an adult.Experimental group: 653 children (about 4-5 years ofage)Operational definition: Place a child in a small emptyroom with only a table with a marshmallow on it. Tellthe child they have two choices 1) eat the marshmallownow and only have one 2) or wait fifteen minuteswithout eating the first to receive a second. Leave thechild alone for 15 minutes with the marshmallow andobserve how they react.
PROCEDURES Dependent variable: whether or not they will receive a second marshmallow Independent variable: whether they eat the first marshmallow or not Results: Children who waited fifteen minutes to receive the second marshmallow seem to be more successful as adults compared to the children who did not wait only received one marshmallow. “Children who are able to pass the marshmallow test enjoy greater success as adults”
IMPACT ON PSYCHOLOGICALCOMMUNITY This wasn’t a huge psychological finding. It did allow psychologist to see a link between a certain personality trait and success.
IMPACT ON FURTHERRESEARCH The original test was just to observe self- control in children, but it led to further research. Mischel wanted to find out if there was any correlation between the children’s ability of self- control and their success as an adult. There seemed to be some correlation so he has been continuing to study the participants. This lead to Mischel doing more studies on childrens personalities such as, aggression.
IMPACT ON PUBLIC This allows us to look for these traits in our children and attempt to help them improve them. Almost everyone wants their child to be successful, so this helps give us an incite as to whether or not the have natural personality traits that lead to success.
IMPACT IN THE CORPORATEWORLD The children who had success with the marshmallow test were more successful in the corporate world. Corporate companies could give their employees a similar test. Obviously not as simple and not using marshmallows, but a test that would allow them to see what members have favorable traits.