Personalidad de Marca por Andres Velasquez


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Personalidad de Marca
por Andres Velasquez

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Personalidad de Marca por Andres Velasquez

  2. 2. Que es?• Es el conjunto de caracteristicas humanas asociadas a una marca.• Es el comportamiento de una marca.• Es la psicografia de la marca• Es el grupo de emociones vinculadas a una marca
  3. 3. • Marlboro is ‘masculine’ while Virginia Slims is ‘feminine’• IBM is ‘older’ while Apple is ‘younger’• India Today is ‘old-fashioned’ while Outlook is ‘trendier’• Coke is ‘conforming’ while Pepsi is ‘irreverent’
  4. 4. Acerca de…• Brand Personality, like human personality, is both distinctive and enduring• Refers to the outcome of all the consumer’s experiences with the brand• In other words, the brand’s personality is the weighted average of previous impressions• In consumer’s mind, these impressions merge to form an overall concept of what to expect from brand• Brand Personality is eagerly searched by brand strategists and researchers• Differences in responses by different consumers provide useful insights• For example, users of a product will perceive a brand different from non-users
  5. 5. ‘Personality traits are what the brand will live and die for’
  6. 6. Axe• Seduction, masculinity, inviduality, unconventionalityMarlboro• Masculinity, freedom, adventureLevi’s• Rebellion, sensuality, being cool
  7. 7. Porqué se usa?Enriquece el entendimiento Guia la comunicacionHelps gain an in-depth Communicates the brand identityunderstanding of consumer with richness and textureperceptions of and attitudestowards the brand If the brand is specified only in termsCan provide more insight than is of attribute associations, very littlegained by asking about attribute meaningful guidance is providedperceptions Is Nike shoes or sports, For ex., Microsoft, IBM etc., performance and attitude?Diferencia la identidad Crea equidadCan differentiate brands especially Builds long-term brand equitywhere brands are similar in productattributes Differentiates the brand and makes it distinct from other competitiveIn fact, it can define not only the offeringsbrand but the product class contextand experience Serves as a powerful relationship Mercedes Vs BMW; Clinic Plus Vs device
  8. 8. Como se crea?• Personality of a person is affected by everything associated with him – friends, neighbourhood, activities, clothes etc.,• So too is a brand personality
  9. 9. Caracteristicas relativas al producto?• Product-related characteristics can be primary drivers of a brand personality – Even the product class can affect personality• Banks, Insurance etc., tend to be Competent, Serious, Masculine, Older and Upper-class• Athletic shoes tend to be Young, Lively, Rugged, Outdoorsy, Adventurous etc.,
  10. 10. Caracteristicas relativas al producto?• Product attributes can often affect brand personality• A ‘light’ beer would largely be classy, sophisticated etc.,• A high-priced brand will be considered wealthy, stylish and perhaps snobbish!
  11. 11. IMAGENES• Can be powerful driver of personality because user is already a person and so conceptualizing the personality is reduced• User Imagery can be people who use the brand or those portrayed in advertising
  12. 12. PATROCINIOS• Activities such as events sponsored by the brand will influence its personality• Pond’s sponsoring Femina’s ‘Miss India’ contest• Budweiser sponsoring the blimp in American sporting events
  13. 13. EDAD• How long a brand has been on the market can affect its personality• New entrants like Apple, Outlook etc., tend to have younger brand personalities than IBM, India Today etc.,
  14. 14. SIMBOLOS• A symbol can be a powerful influence on brand personality since it can be controlled and can have extremely strong associations• Some examples… – Apple’s bitten apple – Nike’s swoosh – MetLife’s Peanuts character
  15. 15. Como crea `equidad de marca`? The ways brand personality can create brand equity are summarized by 3 models:1. The Self-Expression Model2. The Relationship Basis Model3. The Functional Benefit Representation Model
  16. 16. Modelo de AUTO-EXPRESION?• The basic premise is that for some customers, some brands become vehicles to express a part of their self-identity• This self-identity can be their actual identity or an ideal self to which they might aspire• Apple is perceived as friendly, unpretentious, irreverent and willing to go against the grain – This is because Mac is easy-to-use and also due to its symbol, advertising, user groups etc., – The use of Apple expresses a personal identity of being non-corporate and creative
  17. 17. Como una marca ayuda a expresar la personalidad?Feelings engendered by brand personality• There can be a set of feelings and emotions attached to a brand personality, just as there are to a person – The use of such brands can cause feelings and emotions to emerge• Feelings, when using a Harley-Davidson or Apple would not emerge when using a Honda or Compaq
  18. 18. Como una marca ayuda a expresar la personalidad?The brand as a badge• A brand could serve as a consumer’s personal statement• Cars, cosmetics, apparels lend themselves to personality expression because their use occurs in a social context with relatively high involvement
  19. 19. Como una marca ayuda a expresar la personalidad?The brand becomes part of the self• The ultimate personality expression occurs when a brand becomes an extension or an integral part of the self• The executive who wears Allen Solly on a Friday feels semi-casual and waiting to welcoming the weekend!• The potential to create this oneness with some people can represent a significant opportunity for a brand
  20. 20. Modelo de BASE-RELACIONAL?• Some people may never aspire to have a certain personality trait but would like to have a relationship with one who has that• A trustworthy, dependable, conservative personality might be seen boring but sought nevertheless, from banks or financial products• The concept of a relationship between a brand and a person provides a different perspective on how brand personality might work
  21. 21. Modelo de BASE-RELACIONAL?• To see how this model works, consider personality types of people with whom we have relationships and the nature of those relationships• Spirited, young, up-to-date, outgoing – Pepsi – On a weekend evening, it might be enjoyable to have a friend who has these personality features
  22. 22. Modelo de BASE-RELACIONAL?• Two elements affect individual’s relationship with a brand1. Relationship between the brand-as-person and the customer – Which is analogous to the relationship between two people2. The brand personality – The type of person the brand represents
  23. 23. Modelo de REPRESENTACION DE BENEFICIO FUNCIONAL?• The previous two models provide contexts in which brand personality can be the basis for a brand strategy and a link to the customer• A brand personality can also play a more indirect role by being a vehicle for representing and cueing functional benefits and brand attributes
  24. 24. Modelo de REPRESENTACION DE BENEFICIO FUNCIONAL?• Marlboro’s personality of a macho, freedom-loving, adventurous person suggests that the product is strong• Harley Davidson’s personality of a rugged, macho, I-am-different-kind suggests that the product is a powerful, liberating vehicle
  25. 25. Modelo de REPRESENTACION DE BENEFICIO FUNCIONAL?• When a visual symbol or image exists that can create and cue personality… – …the ability of the personality to reinforce brand attributes will be greater• The Energizer rabbit is an upbeat, indefatigable personality who never runs out of energy – Just as the battery it symbolizes runs longer than others
  26. 26. Modelo de REPRESENTACION DE BENEFICIO FUNCIONAL?• A brand personality that represents a functional benefit or attribute may be relatively ineffective if it lacks a visual image established in the customer’s mind• A country or region of origin can add credibility to an identity – It can generate a strong personality that provides a quality cue and a key point of differentiation
  27. 27. Como puede ayudar?• A brand personality can help a brand in several ways: – It can provide a vehicle for customers to express their own identity – A brand personality metaphor helps suggests the kind of relationship that customer has with brand – Brand personalities serve to represent and cue functional benefits and product attributes well• Importantly, brand personality is often a sustainable point of differentiation – Sustainable because it is very difficult to copy a personality