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Sess3 4 chalwe_th2_abs034

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  • 1. PUBLIC‐PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP  SUPPORTING WOMEN‐DRIVEN  POTATO SEED MULTIPLICATION IN THE  LUMWANA CATCHMENT AREA  NORTH‐WESTERN ZAMBIA Chalwe A., S. Bwembya, and D. Subakanya
  • 2. Background • Potato is a high value crop largely grown by  commercial farmers • Interest is increasing among small‐scale  farmers • Increasing consumption demands in mine  areas • The market demands year‐round production  
  • 3. Problem • Farmers are incapacitated due to non‐ availability of seed of improved varieties • There is only one seed supplier in Zambia  • Seed is imported from  RSA • The primary targets are member commercial  farmers. 
  • 4. Strategic intervention • Public‐Private Partnership:  • To introduce to farmer groups a most  preferred and highly marketed improved  varieties of potato • Provision of necessary skills on production 
  • 5. Seed multiplication and  distribution                                                                                  BUYA BAMBA                                                                                                   ZARI                                                                                    Matebo                                Mumena                         Mukumbi      Muyashi        Shilenda      Lunsala          Kankuwa    Lumwana      Manyama            ZARI plot                 ①②③…    ①②③…    ①②③... INDIVIDUAL FARMERS 
  • 6. Women Can Do It
  • 7. Tuber yield, gross income, and  returns on labour of farmer  groups, 2011/12 Group Total  tuber  yield (t ha‐1) Marketable  tuber  yield (t ha‐1) Gross  income (ZMK) Cost of  purchased  inputs (ZMK) Net returns  on farmer’s  labour (ZMK) Monthly  return on  farmer’s  labour (US$) Bukwasho 18.18 13.64 81,840.00 20,430.00 61,410.00 2,952.40 Lukusa nkund 15.15 11.36 68,160.00 20,430.00 47,730.00 2,294.71 Manyama 1.52 1.22 7,320.00 20,430.00 ‐13,110.00 ‐630.29 Lumwana  3.03 2.42 14,520.00 20,430.00 ‐5,910.00 ‐284.13 Kankuwa 6.06 4.54 27,240.00 20,430.00 6,810.00 ‐327.40 Lunsala 9.09 7.73 46,380.00 20,430.00 25,950.00 1,247.60 ZARI 21.21 14.81 88,860.00 20,430.00 68,430.00 3,289.90 Total 74.24 55.72 334.320 143,010.00 191,310.00 9,197.60 Mean 10.61 7.96 47,760.00 20,430.00 27,330.00 1,313.94
  • 8. Incidence of bacterial wilt and  late blight in potato seed  multiplication plots 0 20 40 60 80 Muyashi Shilenda Manyama Mutanda Lunsala Lumwana East ZARI Disease incidence (%)  Multiplication sites Late Blight (%) Bacterial Wilt (%)
  • 9. Tuber yield, gross income, and  returns on individual farmer’s  labour at Muyashi, 2012/13 Farmer Total  tuber  yield  (t ha‐1) Marketable  tuber  yield (t ha‐1) Gross  income (ZMK) Cost of  purchased  inputs (ZMK) Net  returns on  farmer’s  labour (ZMK) Monthly  return on  farmer’s  labour (US$) Farmer 1 12.12 10.05 60,300.00 20,430.00 39,870.00 1,916.83 Farmer 2 10.61 8.15 48,900.00 20,430.00 28,470.00 1,368.75 Farmer 3 13.64 12.12 72,720.00 20,430.00 52,250.00 2,513.94 Farmer 4 11.21 9.15 54,900.00 20,430.00 34,470.00 1,657.21 Farmer 5 11.67 8.75 52,500.00 20,430.00 32,070.00 1,541.83 Bukwasho 15.00 12.00 72,000.00 20,430.00 51,570.00 2,479.33 ZARI 16.67 14.17 85,020.00 20,430.00 64,590.00 3,105.29 Total 90.92 14.39 446,340.00 143,010.00 303,303.00 14,583.17 Mean 12.99 10.63 63,762.86 20,430.00 43,332.86 2,083.31
  • 10. Tuber yield, gross income, and  returns on individual farmer’s  labour at Shilenda 2012/13 Farmer/Group Total  tuber  yield Marketabl e tuber   yield Gross  income Cost of  purchased  inputs Net returns  on farmer’s  labour Net returns  on farmer’s  labour (t ha‐1) (t ha‐1) (ZMK) (ZMK) (ZMK) (US$) Farmer 1 10.11 8.15 48,900.00 20,430.00 28,470.00 1,368.75 Farmer 2 14.39 12.23 73,380.00 20,430.00 52,950.00 2,545.67 Farmer 3 7.56 5.21 31,260.00 20,430.00 10,830.00 520.67 Farmer 4 18.18 14.65 87,900.00 20,430.00 67,470.00 3,243.75 Farmer 5 7.56 5.28 31,680.00 20,430.00 11,250.00 540.87 Lukusa nkunde 14.5 11.65 69,900.00 20,430.00 49,470.00 2,378.37 ZARI 18.03 14.42 86,520.00 20,430.00 66,090.00 3,177.40 Total 90.33 71.59 429,540.00 143,010.00 286,530.00 13,775.48 Mean 12.90 10.23 61,362.86 20,430.00 40,932.86 1,967.93
  • 11. Implication • Small‐scale production of potatoes in Lumwana  catchment area is a feasible and highly profitable  venture which has the potential to reduce  poverty among women.  • The returns on farmers’ labour, US$ 24.60 (ZMK  127.92) and US$ 19.12 (ZMK 99.45) day‐1  obtained from growing 0.25 ha of potatoes by  Lukusa nkunde and Bukwasho women groups,  respectively, can enable women to live far much  above daily poverty datum line
  • 12. Challenges • Watering by hand is a labour‐tasking activity • Long distance to streams and uncontrolled  quality of water • Diseases due to uncontrolled movement of  planting materials • Lack of locally adapted high yielding varieties  suitable for different end uses • Storage of locally produced seed is difficult
  • 13. Recommendations • ZARI should start a breeding programme • Establish improved labour‐saving irrigation  scheme.  • The few promising individual farmers should  be supported to take up potato seed  production as a serious business.  • There is need to introduce the low‐cost  Diffused Light Stores (DLS) for seed potato  tubers