IROKO PROJECT   IROKO Project What is African?  What Do We Know? How Do We Know It? Film Screening and Panel Discussion De...
What is African?  What Do We Know? How Do We Know It?   IROKO Project This program examines who generates information abou...
IROKO PROJECT   The IROKO project carries out a series of activities to promote learning among funders about the knowledge...
Presentation :  ICT Policy & Technology Innovation in Africa  Description : Eric Osiakwan discusses the evolution of the t...
<ul><li>Presenter : Eric Osiakwan  </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Secretary African Internet Service Providers Association (A...
ICT Policy & Technology Innovation in Africa To view the full text, go to www.africagrantmakers.org   Eric Osiakwan (Still...
<ul><li>Internet growth  </li></ul><ul><li>Successes & obstacles  </li></ul><ul><li>Development & investment by Africans <...
<ul><ul><li>Impact of World Bank’s Structural Adjustment Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De-monopolization of the  tele...
<ul><ul><li>Consequences of Deregulation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faliure of SNOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation o...
<ul><li>In Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile penetration = 30%  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web penetration = 5% </li></u...
<ul><ul><li>Dynamic Mobile Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-Pesa  - air time as money for transfer and purchasing  www...
<ul><ul><li>Content Continued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradenet  - combination of sms and web for farmers and market inf...
<ul><ul><li>Broadband/High Speed Internet Delivered by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wirele...
<ul><ul><li>Connectivity Costs More  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa pays 400% times more th than developed world for br...
<ul><ul><li>Efforts to Create More IXPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet eXchange Points (IXPs) ensure local communicat...
<ul><ul><li>More IXPs Continued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFrISPA’s African Internet eXchange System (AXIS) seeks to buil...
<ul><ul><li>High Cost of External Connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa’s international connectivity is via  satell...
<ul><ul><li>Broadband Costs Expected to Decrease Over Next 3 Years  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><ul><li>3 to 5 Year Growth in Internet Subscribers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper ...
<ul><li>Telecommunications in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>A FORECAST! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combines with innovations in digi...
 
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Edited Erics Presentation On Slide

  1. 2. IROKO PROJECT IROKO Project What is African? What Do We Know? How Do We Know It? Film Screening and Panel Discussion December 10, 2008, New York* *Sponsored in association with New York Regional Association of Grantmakers and Grantmakers in Film + Electronic Media.
  2. 3. What is African? What Do We Know? How Do We Know It? IROKO Project This program examines who generates information about Africa and how it impacts funding. Film Screening of Movement (R)evolution Africa This film examines modern African dance and challenges views about what is “African.” Visit www.movementrevolutionafrica.com . Panel Discussion with Eric Osiakwan & David Kobia A discussion of how technology tools are used to address the challenges facing African communities.
  3. 4. IROKO PROJECT The IROKO project carries out a series of activities to promote learning among funders about the knowledge they have gained from supporting development efforts in Africa. IROKO Project
  4. 5. Presentation : ICT Policy & Technology Innovation in Africa Description : Eric Osiakwan discusses the evolution of the telecommunications sector since the 1990s IROKO Project What is African? What Do We Know? How Do We Know It?
  5. 6. <ul><li>Presenter : Eric Osiakwan </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Secretary African Internet Service Providers Association (AfrISPA) & Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA) </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Fellow and Scholar at Stanford University and Reuters Foundation Digital Vision Program </li></ul>IROKO Project What is African? What Do We Know? How Do We Know It?
  6. 7. ICT Policy & Technology Innovation in Africa To view the full text, go to www.africagrantmakers.org Eric Osiakwan (Still from Webcast)
  7. 8. <ul><li>Internet growth </li></ul><ul><li>Successes & obstacles </li></ul><ul><li>Development & investment by Africans </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile & Internet technology </li></ul>Eric Osiakwan (Still from Webcast) Key Points
  8. 9. <ul><ul><li>Impact of World Bank’s Structural Adjustment Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De-monopolization of the telecommunications industry in the 1990s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Second National Operators (SNOs) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>Consequences of Deregulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faliure of SNOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of National-level regulatory institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Internet sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>media </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>In Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile penetration = 30% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web penetration = 5% </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><ul><li>Dynamic Mobile Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-Pesa - air time as money for transfer and purchasing www.safaricom.co.ke/index.php?id=745 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ushahidi - combination of sms and web for indentification of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ troubled areas” during the Kenya elections  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ushahidi.com </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><ul><li>Content Continued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradenet - combination of sms and web for farmers and market information exchange. www.tradenet.biz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Election Portal - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combination of sms and web for election information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and certified results. www.africanelections.org </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><ul><li>Broadband/High Speed Internet Delivered by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wifi </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><ul><li>Connectivity Costs More </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa pays 400% times more th than developed world for broadband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intracontinent communication is delivered through 3rd parties resulting in higher costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2002 estimates = “Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>flight” of US$500m </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><ul><li>Efforts to Create More IXPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet eXchange Points (IXPs) ensure local communication is kept local. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22 IXPs currently exist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Internet Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providers Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(AfrISPA) is working with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>countries to establish IXP’s </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><ul><li>More IXPs Continued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFrISPA’s African Internet eXchange System (AXIS) seeks to build a IXP in each country and to connect countries through cross-border land connectivity </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><ul><li>High Cost of External Connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa’s international connectivity is via satellite (VSAT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2MB connection via VSAT costs between $5 to $7K monthly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efforts underway to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>build fiber connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for more broadband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>connectivity to lower costs. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><ul><li>Broadband Costs Expected to Decrease Over Next 3 Years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEAMS (cable provider) is proposing 2MB at $500 per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other cable providers indicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they can provide broadband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at same or cheaper costs </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><ul><li>3 to 5 Year Growth in Internet Subscribers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper broadband developments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower PC prices increase access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entry of low priced laptops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. One Laptop per child </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Telecommunications in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>A FORECAST! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combines with innovations in digital technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates SMEs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates the enterprises of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tomorrow </li></ul></ul>

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