GEOFFREY OMEDO Africa Adaptation Programme Programme Officer AAP/UNDP Kenya Tel: +254-20-7625079/2327359 Skype: omedo.makeke Email: [email_address] Website: http://www.ke.undp.org/ VULNERABILITY OF URBAN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS TO ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS A CASE STUDY OF KOROGOCHO IN NAIROBI
Hazard - A dangerous condition or event that threatens or has the potential for causing injury to life or damage to property or the environment.
Disaster - A serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing widespread human, material, or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected society to cope using its own resources.
Risk - The probability that a particular system or population will be affected by hazards.
Vulnerability - Potential for loss due to a sudden or gradual environmental interruption.
Study was conducted in Korogocho located in the Nairobi North District, Kasarani Division, approximately 11 kilometers from the Central Business District. Comprises of nine settlements, namely (Grogan A, Grogan B, Kisumu Ndogo, Nyayo, Highridge, Korogocho A, Korogocho B, Gitathuru and Ngomongo)
Sources and methods of data collection: Study made use of both primary and secondary data through a random survey of households in Korogocho; Random informal interviews, Direct field observation; and 1 Focus Group Discussion
Common Types of hazards, their impact and coping strategies
TYPOLOGY OF HAZARDS IN KOROGOCHO SLUM Biological Geophysical Hydrological Meteorological Epidemics - Cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, dysentery, fungal infections, HIV/AIDs, common colds, flu, malnourishment Insect Infestation - infestations - Rat infestations Earthquake - Earth tremors are a common feature but no fatalities were reported Mass movement (dry) - Landslides especially during construction and in river banks Floods - El Nino floods - Common flash floods - General flooding due to poor draining systems, construction of houses in flood plains and underground water seepage - Flooding due to River Gitathuru and bursting their banks Storms - Strong storms that washed away houses - Localized storms during the main rainy season Socio-climatological Extreme temperature (i.e. cold and hot), Droughts, Fires
Mobilized ourselves to stop the fire from spreading
The most affected received tents, food, clothes, household items, medicine, building materials and money from the church, NGOs, government, well wishers, Red Cross, Islamic community, area MP and Councillor (except in 1999 and 2010).
The fire brigade helped to put out the fire
Common types of housing materials in Korogocho