•Taxonomic classificationWheatFamily :PoaceaeGenus :TriticumOrigin and Domestication o Fertile crescent, domesticated 10,000 years ago BarleyFamily :PoaceaeGenus :Hordeum
ObjectivesoTo identify promising adaptive variantsoEvaluate and characterize prommising accessions from gene banks with the participation of women farmersoTo make available & provide access to better-suited crop varieties for targeted local communities to use in adapting to climate change.
Materials and MethodsoGenetic materials – 100 Acc of Wheat & 100 Acc of barley (Koka, Ejerie, & Cheffe- 1400,2200 &2450Evaluatorso140 W and 10 couples were selectedoExploited 19 traits for wheat & 16 traits for barley.
No of variants found per crop 60No of variants 40 41 55 20 0 Wheat Barley Crop type
41 variants found per2000genotypes of wheat in Koka 10 v excellent performance 17v intermidate EP ISH OT 14v off type
No of variants selected by women farmers / seed color 9 9VW 8 7 6 5VR 5 4 3VP 3 2 1 0 17 v selected by farmers
ResearchersFarmers selection selection 8v 7v 8V 23v Common variant
Comparison made among sitesKoka site Ejerie site 8v 2v 13V 2v
How selection criteria affects diversity ? 33v
o Math logic :1X + 1X = 2X ,o Diversity logic : 1X + 1X = only 1Xo………………...: 1X + 1Y = 3 = X,xy,YoTherefore ,we have to look always for the unique character
Awn roughness farmers preference 15 v RA in Ejerie 16 vsmooth in cheffe 15 vrough in koka
Cause & effect of genetic erosion Ik not documented
RecommendationsFarmers are a source of valuable information and knowledge. Therefore, it should be documented protected and broad cast their vital indigenous knowledgeWithout a diverse genetic reservoir to draw for further improvement may not be possible, therefore it should be conserve our genetic reservoir.It would be better to encourage farmers to continue to manage a landrace gene pool in evolutionary real time