Ryan Laddey: Africa Adaptation Programme Experiences - gender and climate change : vulnerabilities and resilience in the face of climate changePresentation Transcript
Africa Adaptation Programme Gender and Climate Change: Vulnerabilities and Resilience in the Face of Climate Change
Africa Adaptation ProgrammeBackground
Established under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for Building Partnership to Address Climate Change in Africa
Launched in 2008 by UNDP in partnership with UNIDO, UNICEF and WFP, with funding of US$92 million from the Government of Japan
Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome Senegal Tanzania Tunisia Burkina Faso Cameroon Congo Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Kenya Lesotho Malawi Mauritius
Africa Adaptation ProgrammeObjectives Enhancing the adaptive capacity of vulnerable countries to climate change and disaster risks Promoting early adaptation through evidence-based solutions and initiatives for action Laying the foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change across the African continent
Programme Outcomes In approaching this goal, AAP will focus its support to countries around: Strengthening long term planning to enable countries to manage both existing and future risks associated with climate change and other causes Building effective leadership and institutional frameworks for enhanced coordination and cohesion of programmes Supporting the piloting of adaptation initiatives in the field Identifying a range of financing options for sustained adaptation Building knowledge management systems and promoting information sharing. Planned activities to ensure that inter- regional expertise and capacity development is provided to 20 countries.....
Advice and assistance relating to enhanced Government policy-making and planning in this field
Support for leadership development and institutional reform as well as enabling individual development
Encouraging exposure to world best practice and data
Support in finding innovative funding options
Creation of region-wide databases and learning opportunities
NOTE The information in this presentation is from the project design phase. It was gathered from the project documents for the 20 AAP countries. It is not a reflection of implementation.
The Development Context Climate change and development Gender inequality and climate change Millennium Development Goal 3 Women’s knowledge and skills Agriculture, Livestock Households Mainstreaminggender into climate change adaptation Gender mainstreaming: the process of incorporating the impact of any planned action on both men and women and ensuring that their concerns and experiences are an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of legislation, policies and programmes (Garmer 2009). Women’s livelihood activities are directly dependent on the natural environment.
Key Challenges for Reducing Gender-Based Vulnerability Decision-making Power Absence of women in climate change adaptation planning and decision-making Important indigenous knowledge they possess is not incorporated Needs are not addressed In Cameroon, women constitute13.5% of parliament.
Key Challenges for Reducing Gender-based Vulnerability
Limited Access to Information
Early Warning Information not disseminated to women Limited Educational Opportunities Lack of formal education Not educated on climate science and prediction Unable to acquire certain skills (e.g. swimming) After the cyclone and flood of 1991 in Bangladesh the death rate was nearly five times as high for women as for men (Brody 2008). In Sub-Saharan Africa, the female adult literacy rate is 53.3 percent, while the rate for adult men is 71.2 percent (UNESCO 2009). In Ghana, 44.1 percent of women have no formal education, compared to 22.1 percent of men (Ahmed 2008).
Key Challenges for Reducing Gender-based Vulnerability Limited Financial and Economic Opportunities Due to limited education and other responsibilities Lack of financial independence Poor access to credit Limited ownership of land In Senegal, over 70 percent of women are involved in agriculture; however, they only own 13.4 percent of the land (Ahmed 2008).
Gender-sensitive Adaptation Approaches in the AAP Decision-making Power Document and share women’s valuable knowledge Equal participation of women - reduce vulnerability of women to climate change and increase adaptive capacity of communities, nations and regions
Examples Cameroon: Incorporating gender planning into field pilot interventionsby working with and involving women groups at local/regional level, in order to benefit the whole community Nigeria: Emphasis on developing women’s leadership in key institutions, including the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, state and local government counterparts and in civil society
Gender-sensitive Adaptation Approaches in the AAP Access to Information and Education Outreach and Awareness Educate on climate science and climate impacts Early warning systems Hard adaptation strategies Crop Diversification Technology
Examples Ethiopia: Local-level awareness campaigns and workshops conducted on gender and climate change adaptation Burkina Faso: Developing and implementing a climate change adaptation training programme for vulnerable groups and women at the community level
Gender-sensitive Adaptation Approaches in the AAP Financial and Economic Opportunities Budget allocations for gender initiatives Access to climate funds Access to technologies
Examples Ghana Specific fund and budgetary allocations to support initiatives that target women and promote gender equality in climate change adaptation programmes Kenya Training provided to enhance the access of women and vulnerable groups to climate financing options at the national and international level
Conclusion Technical support Commitment to addressing gender equality