Comparison of Communities’ Adaptation Strategies in Kenya & CAR Catchments to Droughts and Floods Dr. Cyriaque-Rufin Nguim...
03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Droughts and Floods: results of Climate Variability <ul><li>Both phenomena linked to  lack  or  abundance of water  in bas...
Objectives  <ul><li>To expose communities’ adaptation strategies in cases of Droughts and Floods in targeted areas; </li><...
Methods  <ul><li>Adaptation strategies data collected by questionnaire and interview, mainly from people having 40-50 year...
Damaging Extreme Events in Catchments <ul><li>Droughts (rainfall shorten, shift in agricultural calendar, water scarcity) ...
Communities’ Adaptation Strategies 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethio...
Reconsidering Indigenous Strategies… <ul><li>Low cost; </li></ul><ul><li>Skills belonging to their identities, aspirations...
Expected Results from Communities… 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethio...
Which adaptation with lowest incomes? 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Et...
Constraints of Adaptation in Catchments <ul><li>Weakness of local Community-based Organizations or Association; </li></ul>...
Which adaptation opportunities? <ul><li>Water management Policy framework  because both targeted Extreme Events linked to ...
Acknowledgements  <ul><li>START & Partners: IDRC, DFID, AAS, ACCFP, IRA </li></ul><ul><li>University of Bangui; </li></ul>...
Thank for your attention 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Nguimalet: Comparison of communities’ adaptation strategies in Kenya and Central African Republic catchments to droughts and floods

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Nguimalet: Comparison of communities’ adaptation strategies in Kenya and Central African Republic catchments to droughts and floods

  1. 1. Comparison of Communities’ Adaptation Strategies in Kenya & CAR Catchments to Droughts and Floods Dr. Cyriaque-Rufin Nguimalet Department of Geography, University of Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR) [email_address]
  2. 2. 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  3. 3. Droughts and Floods: results of Climate Variability <ul><li>Both phenomena linked to lack or abundance of water in basins-areas, mainly rainwater anywhere in Africa; </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal phenomena and also multi-secular , but abnormal or not frequent/uncommon due to catastrophic characters i.e. damages for Communities; </li></ul><ul><li>Including threshold idea: lower or higher than average rainfall /flow over a prolonged period; </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts & Floods require to People to cope or adapt due to their occurrence fashion over space and time </li></ul><ul><li>Due to Climate Variability/Change Impacts pose Challenges, Societal constraints </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  4. 4. Objectives <ul><li>To expose communities’ adaptation strategies in cases of Droughts and Floods in targeted areas; </li></ul><ul><li>To analyse these strategies according to Communities’ socioeconomic capacity; </li></ul><ul><li>To describe/propose some paths for sustainable adaptation </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  5. 5. Methods <ul><li>Adaptation strategies data collected by questionnaire and interview, mainly from people having 40-50 years and above and having resided a long time in the locality (20 to 30 years); </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-testing initially carried out; </li></ul><ul><li>Concern was to identify the extreme events most current affecting communities and their activities in both sites and to encircle respective adaptation mechanisms; </li></ul><ul><li>Survey information’s treated statistically to establish climate variability/degradation effect through the hydrological extremes’ violence and alternatives. </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  6. 6. Damaging Extreme Events in Catchments <ul><li>Droughts (rainfall shorten, shift in agricultural calendar, water scarcity) </li></ul><ul><li>Floods </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Obtained trends in areas…
  7. 7. Communities’ Adaptation Strategies 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia In case of Floods… In case of Droughts…
  8. 8. Reconsidering Indigenous Strategies… <ul><li>Low cost; </li></ul><ul><li>Skills belonging to their identities, aspirations; </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance or failure of accurate technological skills; </li></ul><ul><li>Interest to back to sources for improving or involving development by ownership </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  9. 9. Expected Results from Communities… 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  10. 10. Which adaptation with lowest incomes? 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Monthly… Yearly…
  11. 11. Constraints of Adaptation in Catchments <ul><li>Weakness of local Community-based Organizations or Association; </li></ul><ul><li>Random policy facing Extreme Events Occurrence in basins-areas. </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Local Organizations interventions… Governments’ interventions…
  12. 12. Which adaptation opportunities? <ul><li>Water management Policy framework because both targeted Extreme Events linked to Water; </li></ul><ul><li>What do we do? Processing from the grassroots realities to build the different levels/scales of National policy ; </li></ul><ul><li>How to relocate communities from floodplain? </li></ul><ul><li>How to avoid communities to settle in floodplain? </li></ul><ul><li>Are hydraulic installations enough to reduce Extreme events occurrence cases (Droughts & Floods)? </li></ul><ul><li>Let us improve this communities’ adaptation strategies for easy ownership! </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  13. 13. Acknowledgements <ul><li>START & Partners: IDRC, DFID, AAS, ACCFP, IRA </li></ul><ul><li>University of Bangui; </li></ul><ul><li>Egerton University; </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders & Grassroots. </li></ul>03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  14. 14. Thank for your attention 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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