Nguimalet: Comparison of communities’ adaptation strategies in Kenya and Central African Republic catchments to droughts and floods

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  • 1. Comparison of Communities’ Adaptation Strategies in Kenya & CAR Catchments to Droughts and Floods Dr. Cyriaque-Rufin Nguimalet Department of Geography, University of Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR) [email_address]
  • 2. 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 3. Droughts and Floods: results of Climate Variability
    • Both phenomena linked to lack or abundance of water in basins-areas, mainly rainwater anywhere in Africa;
    • Seasonal phenomena and also multi-secular , but abnormal or not frequent/uncommon due to catastrophic characters i.e. damages for Communities;
    • Including threshold idea: lower or higher than average rainfall /flow over a prolonged period;
    • Droughts & Floods require to People to cope or adapt due to their occurrence fashion over space and time
    • Due to Climate Variability/Change Impacts pose Challenges, Societal constraints
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 4. Objectives
    • To expose communities’ adaptation strategies in cases of Droughts and Floods in targeted areas;
    • To analyse these strategies according to Communities’ socioeconomic capacity;
    • To describe/propose some paths for sustainable adaptation
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 5. Methods
    • Adaptation strategies data collected by questionnaire and interview, mainly from people having 40-50 years and above and having resided a long time in the locality (20 to 30 years);
    • Pre-testing initially carried out;
    • Concern was to identify the extreme events most current affecting communities and their activities in both sites and to encircle respective adaptation mechanisms;
    • Survey information’s treated statistically to establish climate variability/degradation effect through the hydrological extremes’ violence and alternatives.
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 6. Damaging Extreme Events in Catchments
    • Droughts (rainfall shorten, shift in agricultural calendar, water scarcity)
    • Floods
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Obtained trends in areas…
  • 7. Communities’ Adaptation Strategies 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia In case of Floods… In case of Droughts…
  • 8. Reconsidering Indigenous Strategies…
    • Low cost;
    • Skills belonging to their identities, aspirations;
    • Ignorance or failure of accurate technological skills;
    • Interest to back to sources for improving or involving development by ownership
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 9. Expected Results from Communities… 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 10. Which adaptation with lowest incomes? 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Monthly… Yearly…
  • 11. Constraints of Adaptation in Catchments
    • Weakness of local Community-based Organizations or Association;
    • Random policy facing Extreme Events Occurrence in basins-areas.
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Local Organizations interventions… Governments’ interventions…
  • 12. Which adaptation opportunities?
    • Water management Policy framework because both targeted Extreme Events linked to Water;
    • What do we do? Processing from the grassroots realities to build the different levels/scales of National policy ;
    • How to relocate communities from floodplain?
    • How to avoid communities to settle in floodplain?
    • Are hydraulic installations enough to reduce Extreme events occurrence cases (Droughts & Floods)?
    • Let us improve this communities’ adaptation strategies for easy ownership!
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 13. Acknowledgements
    • START & Partners: IDRC, DFID, AAS, ACCFP, IRA
    • University of Bangui;
    • Egerton University;
    • Stakeholders & Grassroots.
    03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 14. Thank for your attention 03/22/11 AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium 2011, 9-11 March 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia