Climate Change Adaptive Capacities in the Traditional Livestock System of Southern Africa based on Indigenous Knowledge AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9th to 11th March 2011 Dr. Elder Moonga NISIR/SANBio Livestock Node, PB 49, Chilanga-Lusaka, Zambia Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Meteorological data - rainfall The mean difference in seasonal rainfall for the study district, Mumbwa between the periods 1940 to 1970 and 1971 to 2005 is 104 mm The rainfall has been reducing to a present (2000 to 2010), mean seasonal rainfall of 714.0 mm.
Meteorological data - temperature Duncan's Multiple Range Test for the annual increase in mean temperature (oC/year) for the three Agro-Ecological Zones of Zambia Means with the same letter are not significantly different at Alpha = 0.05, df= 17, MSE = 0.000098
Meteorological data – temperature & relative humidity
The average rate of increase in mean annual temperature for Zambia is:
0.032oC per year or 0.32oC per decade (± 1.0˚C)
The mean Relative Humidity over the period is 62.7 %.
The local adaptive capacities using Indigenous Knowledge
Communities appreciate the value of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) as a response to the present crisis – diseases
Communities utilize traditional plant remedies for various veterinary problems
examples : tick control; expelling retained placenta/dystocia management/abortion management; New Castle disease treatment; Corridor disease treatment; Anthrax treatment; biting flies repellent ; Pink Eye treatmentwounds healing; blood diarrhoea treatment; Snake bite management; helminths control; fructure repairs Harmonization of IK & SK by scientific validation
Building on community adaptive capacities Previous studies in Zambia
IK inventory of various plants medicinal, agricultural and veterinary values
Tephrosiavogeliicrude leaf extract at 10% w/v protects cattle from tick infestation up to 10 days