Africa RISING Mali Team Achievements until 2013

Tom van Mourik (ICRISAT)
Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Me...
Presentation Outline
 Africa RISING partners and activities
 Synergies with other ongoing projects
 Africa RISING achie...
Conceptual framework
Focus on
(1) Sustainable intensification
(2) Farm household scale
Interactions with other scales
ackn...
Synergies with other initiatives
 Improving vegetable production and processing
(USAID, AVRDC)
 FARMSEM seed enterprise ...
Africa RISING outputs and activities
Four Research Outputs (RO’s):
1: Situation Analysis and Program-wide Synthesis (IFPRI...
RO1 Achievements & activities 2013
 Development domains & villages selected
 Basic farm HH characteristics collected in ...
Community mobilisation & platforms (1)
 Diagnostic / planning meetings all AR villages
 Platforms established in 4 villa...
Community mobilisation & platforms (2)
 Fencing and wells constructed in 3 villages and
existing sites identified in 2 vi...
Community mobilisation & platforms (3)
Study on level of interaction and
influence of different
stakeholders in IP Yorobou...
Household nutrition (1)
 Household nutrition survey completed (AVRDC)
 Nutrition field schools implemented 2 villages (A...
Household nutrition (2)
Nutritional status of ~1300 children between 6 months and 5 years assessed
Nutrition status

Boys
...
Sustainable NRM & fodder (1)
 Survey and analyses of feed resources, FEAST
(ILRI, AMEDD), Sources of income
Farm Labour
4...
Sustainable NRM & fodder (2) Resources
Available Feed
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

100

6

Bougouni

2
1
0

5

80
70
...
RO2 Sustainable NRM & fodder (3)
 Participatory land use mapping
 Biomass assessment, cropped /non-cropped land
(ICRISAT...
Farm & field productivity (1)
Field crop trials in Bougouni area
Trial type

Planned

Planted

Harvested

Analysed

Sorghu...
Sorghum-Cowpea intercrop

 Sorghum: No
treatment effect
(poor germination,
brd damage)
 Cowpea fodder
yields:
inter-row ...
Cowpea
Cowpea grain yield
350

Grain yield (kg/ha)

300

a

a

a
a

250

Neem use

200

No
150

Yes

100
50

b

b

0
Dunan...
Soybean intensification trials
Soybean grain yield (kg/ha)

500

400

300

200

100

0

Control
1

+ Compost + Innoculum +...
Farm & field productivity (2)
Field crop trials Koutiala area 2013 (total ~200 trials)
Trial type

Planned Harvested

For ...
T1 : local variety, no fertilizer
T2 : local variety, manure 9t/ha +150 kg urea, 100 kg complex
15-15-15
T3 : hybrid maize...
Sorghum
T1 : local variety, no fertilizer ;
T2 : local variety, manure 9t/ha +DAP 75 kg/ha
T3 : hybrid sorghum « Pablo », ...
Cowpea

1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

T1

control grain yield (kg/ha)
control=w...
Soybean

T1 : no fertilizer , no inoculum ;
T2 : manure 4t/ha, P 20 kg/ha, no inoculum
T3 : no fertilizer, inoculum
T4 : m...
Participatory agro-economical analyses of
mechanised microdosing trials with sorghum
 Promising results, potential of 100...
Strategic sheep feeding trials initiated with
cowpea/groundnut hay and maize bran
3 feed treatments:
600g legume hay/day
9...
RO3 Scaling approaches
 Distribution & viewings of videos related to sustainable
intensification options performed in all...
Capacity building (1)
Training title

Men

Women

total

Nutrition field schools (8 modules, AVRDC, ICRISAT)

14

646

660...
Exchange visit conclusions and
suggestions from participants
 Integration, integration & integration!!
 Organisations, t...
Thank you / merci!
Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation

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Africa RISING Mali team achievements until 2013

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Presented by Tom van Mourik (ICRISAT) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014

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  • Bougouni, arboriculturenoticable, more livestock income in Bougouni, more agriculture income in Koutiala
  • 1. Biology of Striga, 2. IntegratedStriga and soil fertility management concept, 3. composting technology using a pit, 4. cowpea seed storage
  • Africa RISING Mali team achievements until 2013

    1. 1. Africa RISING Mali Team Achievements until 2013 Tom van Mourik (ICRISAT) Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014
    2. 2. Presentation Outline  Africa RISING partners and activities  Synergies with other ongoing projects  Africa RISING achievements and ongoing activities in 2013  Exchange visit conclusions and suggestions  Conclusions and remarks
    3. 3. Conceptual framework Focus on (1) Sustainable intensification (2) Farm household scale Interactions with other scales acknowledged and studied i.e community, landscape, watershed etc. Stepwise progress towards SI Farm typologies Platforms, co-learning Critical entry points
    4. 4. Synergies with other initiatives  Improving vegetable production and processing (USAID, AVRDC)  FARMSEM seed enterprise project on dryland crops (USAID, ICRISAT)  Agro-ecological intensification project (McKnight Foundation, WUR, IER, ICRISAT, AMEDD)  Dryland Systems and WLE CGIAR research program (ICRISAT, ICRAF, ILRI, IWMI, Bioversity)  CORAF project on crop livestock integration (IER)
    5. 5. Africa RISING outputs and activities Four Research Outputs (RO’s): 1: Situation Analysis and Program-wide Synthesis (IFPRI, WUR and partners) 2: Integrated Systems Improvement (CGIAR, AVRDC, WUR, national partners) 3: Scaling and Delivery of Integrated Innovation (idem) 4: Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation (IFPRI with partners) Activities in 2013 workplan (may 2013, project started in June 2013) 1.1 Community mobilization & establishing platforms 2.7 Household nutrition 2.8 Sustainable NRM and fodder 2.9 Farm and field productivity
    6. 6. RO1 Achievements & activities 2013  Development domains & villages selected  Basic farm HH characteristics collected in 7 villages
    7. 7. Community mobilisation & platforms (1)  Diagnostic / planning meetings all AR villages  Platforms established in 4 villages Yorobougoula (NRM, local conventions) Nampossela (Farm & field productivity, McKnight) Sirakele & Mpessoba (nutrition) Exchange visit West Africa in Mali, 21-24 Nov. 2013)
    8. 8. Community mobilisation & platforms (2)  Fencing and wells constructed in 3 villages and existing sites identified in 2 villages (ICRISAT, ICRAF)  Physical platforms for experimentation  Fruit tree establishment trials  Off-season irrigated vegetable / seed production
    9. 9. Community mobilisation & platforms (3) Study on level of interaction and influence of different stakeholders in IP Yorobougoula HIGH Chikoloton CP miel Lead farmer generally interacts and informs 5 other farmers outside IP Chikolo- Association chasseurs ton LOW Level of influence FasoJguiya 1 SabaliCP volaille ton Analyses for mapping of networking and interaction among stakeholders on-going Guana n-ton Coop 5 eleveurs 3 2 Benkadi -ton Ones that can make difference Jigiya CP- coton Bio CMDT AV 2 LOW 1 Ass. Jeunes Level of interest -ton 4 5 HIGH
    10. 10. Household nutrition (1)  Household nutrition survey completed (AVRDC)  Nutrition field schools implemented 2 villages (AVRDC, ICRISAT) 8 training modules developed in French & Bambara and tested with participants Nutrition field schools linked to nutritious vegetable and field crop trials and seed sales Training video produced on the preparation of enriched porridge
    11. 11. Household nutrition (2) Nutritional status of ~1300 children between 6 months and 5 years assessed Nutrition status Boys Girls 6-23 months 24-59 months Severe / moderate malnutrition 6% 10% 15% 1% Risk of malnutrition 17% 21% 37% 11% Normal 77% 69% 45% 88% Girls and especially youngest group high rates of poor nutrition status
    12. 12. Sustainable NRM & fodder (1)  Survey and analyses of feed resources, FEAST (ILRI, AMEDD), Sources of income Farm Labour 4% Commerce 3% Arboriculture 2% Remittance 7% Livestock 25% Farm Labour 1% Commerce 7% Arboriculture 0% Remittance 8% Livestock 17% Agriculture 59% Bougouni Agriculture 67% Koutiala
    13. 13. Sustainable NRM & fodder (2) Resources Available Feed 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100 6 Bougouni 2 1 0 5 80 70 4 3 6 Koutiala 90 5 Availablity Availablity Available Feed Resources 4 60 50 3 40 2 30 20 1 10 0 0 Concentrates Crop residues Grazing Cereal residues Legume residues Green forage Green forage Legume residues Others Grazing Crop residues Concentrates Cereal residues Rainfall Pattern Rainfall Pattern Koutiala more availability of cereal residues and concentrates Bougouni, more availability of green forage and grazing
    14. 14. RO2 Sustainable NRM & fodder (3)  Participatory land use mapping  Biomass assessment, cropped /non-cropped land (ICRISAT, AMEDD, MoBioM, WUR)
    15. 15. Farm & field productivity (1) Field crop trials in Bougouni area Trial type Planned Planted Harvested Analysed Sorghum / cowpea intercrop 20 18 15 11 Cowpea 31 28 25 21 Soybean 20 20 17 14 Groundnut 12 12 12 Not yet analysed
    16. 16. Sorghum-Cowpea intercrop  Sorghum: No treatment effect (poor germination, brd damage)  Cowpea fodder yields: inter-row not significantly different from pure crop, in-row significantly lower. Dunanfana significantly higher fodder yield than local.
    17. 17. Cowpea Cowpea grain yield 350 Grain yield (kg/ha) 300 a a a a 250 Neem use 200 No 150 Yes 100 50 b b 0 Dunanfana Local Wilibali Variety Cowpea fodder yield a Fodder yield (kg/ha) 1500 a Neem use 1000 b 500 b No b b 0 Dunanfana Local Variety Wilibali Yes  No significant effect of Neem insecticide  Farmers expressed preference for Wilibali, despite similar yields to local variety  white grain, early maturation much appreciated
    18. 18. Soybean intensification trials Soybean grain yield (kg/ha) 500 400 300 200 100 0 Control 1 + Compost + Innoculum + Compost 2 3 4 Treatment + Innoculum  Soybean yields showed no significant treatment effects.  Farmers interested in soybean TrtCode 1 New crop, 2 farmers don’t 3 know what to do 4 with soybean  Request for training on soybean processing/prepa ration
    19. 19. Farm & field productivity (2) Field crop trials Koutiala area 2013 (total ~200 trials) Trial type Planned Harvested For analysis Sorghum mechan-microdos Sorghum intensification 10 31 8 28 8 21 Maize intensification 45 45 45 Cowpea intensification 41 38 38 Groundnut/roselle intercrop 12 12 12 Soyabean intensification Sorghum/cowpea intercrop Maize/cowpea intercrop 39 5 32 30 5 32 30 5 32
    20. 20. T1 : local variety, no fertilizer T2 : local variety, manure 9t/ha +150 kg urea, 100 kg complex 15-15-15 T3 : hybrid maize « Bondofa », no fertilizer T4 : hybrid maize « Bondofa », manure 9t/ha, 150 kg urea, 100 kg complex 15-15-15 Maize 6000 grain yield (kg/ha) 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 grain yield of the control kg/ha control=local no fert hybrid no fert local+fert hybrid+fert
    21. 21. Sorghum T1 : local variety, no fertilizer ; T2 : local variety, manure 9t/ha +DAP 75 kg/ha T3 : hybrid sorghum « Pablo », no fertilizer T4 : hybrid sorghum « Pablo, manure 9t/ha, DAP 75 kg/ha grain yield (kg/ha) 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 500 1000 1500 grain yield of the control (kg/ha) "control=local no fert" local+fert hybrid no fert hybrid+fert 2000
    22. 22. Cowpea 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 T1 control grain yield (kg/ha) control=wulibali no fert fodder yield (kg/ha) grain yield (kg/ha) T1 : ‘wulibali’ cowpea, no fertilization T2 : ‘wulibali’ cowpea, P 20kg/ha T3 : ‘Dunanfana cowpea, no fertilization T4 : ‘Dunanfana cowpea, P 20 kg/ha 20kgP/ha 5000 15000 T2 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 0 10000 20000 control fodder yield (kg/ha) control=dunanfana no fert 20 kgP/ha T3 T4
    23. 23. Soybean T1 : no fertilizer , no inoculum ; T2 : manure 4t/ha, P 20 kg/ha, no inoculum T3 : no fertilizer, inoculum T4 : manure 4t/ha, P 20 kg/ha, inoculum grain yield (kg/ha) 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 control- grain yield (kg/ha) control=no inoculum no fert no inoculum+fert inoculum no fert inoculum+fert 1200 1400
    24. 24. Participatory agro-economical analyses of mechanised microdosing trials with sorghum  Promising results, potential of 100 USD/ha more net profit than the local practice with about 20 USD /ha investment (hybrid seed, fertiliser, disk)
    25. 25. Strategic sheep feeding trials initiated with cowpea/groundnut hay and maize bran 3 feed treatments: 600g legume hay/day 900g legume hay/day 600g legume hay & 400 g maize bran /day Vaccinations and salt lick blocks standard treatment for all
    26. 26. RO3 Scaling approaches  Distribution & viewings of videos related to sustainable intensification options performed in all AR villages (~100 DVDs distributed, > 10,000 farmers exposed)  Preliminary study performed on what information is retained and what farmers do with the information (unsupervised experimentation and innovation)
    27. 27. Capacity building (1) Training title Men Women total Nutrition field schools (8 modules, AVRDC, ICRISAT) 14 646 660 Vegetable processing, conservation and storage (AVRDC) 23 36 59 Mechanised microdosing technique & trial establishment (ICRISAT) 7 1 8 Use of media for large scale farmer training (ICRISAT) 4 2 6 Grafting and planting practices for improved fruit trees (ICRAF) 144 Establishment of rural resource center (ICRAF) 25 Introduction to monitoring and evaluation (IFPRI, ICRISAT) 15 3 18
    28. 28. Exchange visit conclusions and suggestions from participants  Integration, integration & integration!!  Organisations, technologies, system components, Harmonizing data collection, sharing and reporting  Describe where activities fit into the farming system and describe links to other activities  Flexibility partnerships and consultations where necessary
    29. 29. Thank you / merci! Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net
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