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Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali
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Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali

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Presented by Jeroen Groot (Wageningen University) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014 …

Presented by Jeroen Groot (Wageningen University) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014

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  • 1. Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali Jeroen Groot (Wageningen University) Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014
  • 2. Introduction  Entry points for sustainable intensification: • Farm components: crop and animal yield gaps • Farm yield gaps: configurations of components and inputs • Interactions with social-ecological and economic environment: networks, markets, resources  Integrated farming systems analysis needed: • Context-specific • On-farm testing • Embedded in communities
  • 3. Introduction  Relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and on-station research: • Basket of technologies: local research on crops, animals, etc. • Quantification of input-output relations • Engage in an inform stakeholder / community discussions
  • 4. Methodology Structural typology Survey Extrapolation Potential impact Functional typology Rapid characteriz. Systems (re)design Farm innovations Farm diagnoses Detailed description Exploration innovations Tradeoff analysis
  • 5. Where?  Ghana • Northern, Upper West and Upper East  Mali • Bougouni and Koutiala with ICRISAT  Malawi • Dedza and Ntcheu with MSU  Tanzania • Babati and Kongwa & Kiketo
  • 6. Mali typology  Villages in Koutiala and Bougouni districts  Three different groupings in total  Farmer types grouped on basis of: • Livestock numbers: tropical livestock units, TLU • (Active) farm family members • Farm area, and fallow area for Bougouni
  • 7. Mali typology (example Koutiala) Type 1: Large, high TLU yes TLU >21 Type 2: Large, avg. TLU yes no Actives >9 no Land >5.8 Tools >2 TLU >2.2 yes Type 3: Medium sized no Type 4: Small sized farms Falconnier 2013
  • 8. Ghana typology  3 regions (North, Upper West, Upper East)  25 intervention communities  80 HHs surveyed per region, grouping per region  Farmer types grouped on the basis of: • Resource endowment (land, livestock, assets) • Production orientation (subsistence, consumption, market) • Source of income (on-farm vs. off-farm)
  • 9. Ghana typology Wealth indicators Resource endowment Production orientation Source of income Type 1 LRE Arable land Livestock HH size Assets MRE HRE Subsistence On-farm only Type 2 Consumption > market On-farm > off-farm Consumption = market On-farm = off-farm Type 4 Consumption < market On-farm < off-farm Type 5 Type 3
  • 10. Mali Ghana Farm area Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Livestock (TLU) Persons/area Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East
  • 11. Income sources Ghana
  • 12. Food insecurity Ghana
  • 13. Example farm in model (Ghana)
  • 14. Exploration of system alternatives Green = reconfiguration of the original farm components Orange = after adding Maize + Soybean and Maize + Cowpea
  • 15. Entry points at system level
  • 16. Entry points at system level
  • 17. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org
  • 18. Discussion  Continue and underpin the evaluation of entry points  Compare findings between countries, incl. Tanzania and Malawi  Strengthen relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and station research  Plans for continuation of systems analysis with two PhD students
  • 19. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation Thank you for your attention africa-rising.net jeroen.groot@wur.nl The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.
  • 20. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org
  • 21. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Series 3 Series 2 Series 1 Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4
  • 22. Acknowledge partners here: project partners WA
  • 23. Acknowledge partners here: Project partners ESA
  • 24. Acknowledge partners here: Project partners Ethiopia
  • 25. Thank You Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.

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