Summary of Participatory Community Analysis approaches and findings in Africa RISING Ethiopia research sites

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Presented by Kindu Mekonnen (ILRI), Solomon Gebreselassie (CIP), Jim Ellis-Jones (Consultant), Steffen Schulz (CIP), Peter Thorne (ILRI), Gebrehiwot Hailemariam (CIP) and Abiyot Aragaw (CIP) at the Africa RISING Training Workshop on Innovation Platforms, Addis Ababa, 23-24 January 2014

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  • Ethiopia
  • Summary of Participatory Community Analysis approaches and findings in Africa RISING Ethiopia research sites

    1. 1. Summary of Participatory Community Analysis approaches and findings in Africa RISING Ethiopia research sites Kindu Mekonnen (ILRI), Solomon Gebreselassie (CIP), Jim Ellis-Jones (Consultant), Steffen Schulz (CIP), Peter Thorne (ILRI), Gebrehiwot Hailemariam (CIP) and Abiyot Aragaw (CIP) Africa RISING Training Workshop on Innovation Platforms Addis Ababa, 23-24 January 2014
    2. 2.  What PCA is about and why we did it?  How PCA was implemented in AR sites?  What are the findings from the PCA exercise (present condition/knowledge, site specific and cross cutting challenges and opportunities)?  Suggested interventions based on the PCA findings!
    3. 3. What PCA is about and why we did it? Participatory Research and Extension Approach (PREA) Stage 1: Social mobilisation and community analysis (PCA) Stage 2: Action planning Stage 3: Encouraging local interest groups to try out new ideas Stage 4: Sharing experiences
    4. 4. How PCA was implemented in AR sites?  Organized a training program on PCA toolkits for 2 days – trained more than 32 resource persons (local and cigar partners)  Conducted field work for 2-3 weeks in 8 AR kebeles  Involved 30 to over 40 individuals per Kebele for information collection
    5. 5.  Considered 3 separate groups (men, women and young men) for discussion in each Kebele
    6. 6. The discussion with communities in all AR kebeles focused mainly on:  livelihood analysis  community based institutional analysis  identification and characterization of farmer profiles/typologies  understanding of local farming systems  prioritization of food and cash crops/livestock enterprises for different social groups  value chain analysis for priority crops and livestock  water harvesting related activities
    7. 7.  Discussed with communities on the possibilities of establishing innovation platforms at the end of the PCA exercises  Produced a report and circulated it for wider utilization: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/33789
    8. 8. Findings from the PCA exercise (present condition/ knowledge, and site specific and cross cutting challenges, and opportunities) Livelihoods Present condition/ knowledge Increasing  Buying and selling  Remittances, Carpenter  Eucalyptus  Lentil  Labour –working for others Decreasing  Cow, Goat, Sheep  Faba bean, Field pea  Sorghum, Barley, Maize  Enset, potato
    9. 9. Farmer typologies – link to SLATE Capital assets Criteria or indicator Natural Land area cropped Livestock ownership Perennial crops grown Access to trees (especially eucalyptus) Equipment owned including access to irrigation House type Annual grain production and quantity sold Use of credit Labour hiring Standing in the kebele Food security in terms of meals consumed per day Not identified by PCA participants Physical Economic Social Human Poor=20-53%, Average=30-60%, Better resourced=16-30%
    10. 10. Crop priorities Cash Food
    11. 11. Livestock priorities
    12. 12. Institutions Inside kebele Outside kebele
    13. 13. Value chain analysis Commodities  Main crops  Main livestock  Watershed protection Approach     Input acquisition Production Storage & processing Marketing Analysis  Present constraints and priorities for each commodity  Coping mechanisms  Opportunity  Possible interventions
    14. 14. Constraints/challenges  Lack of improved varieties -presently using own, exchanged or market purchased grain.  Lack of draft animals and inadequate equipment -results in late land preparation, late planting and subsequent yield losses.
    15. 15.  Crop pests, weeds and diseases, and poor access to agro-chemicals).
    16. 16.  Depletion of soil fertility (acidity, continuous cropping), soil erosion and drainage problem + high fertilizer price. Urea- 1315.3 birr per 100 kg and DAP-1422.7 birr per 100 kg Waterlogged wheat field at Goshe Bado
    17. 17.  Lack of crop storage facilities and low market prices  Shortage animal feed and grazing land  Poor access to veterinary drugs and animal health services  Water shortage during the dry periods  Lack of improved milk processing technologies  Poor household nutrition (diets lacking protein + vitamins)lte rainfall on-set and early off-set
    18. 18. Suggested interventions based on the PCA findings! Intervention areas Crops Improving input supplies Kebele seed production Linking farmers to agrodealers Improving use of pesticides Improving production Improving land preparation Improving soil fertility, reducing erosion Improving storage and processing Improving household nutrition Improving marketing Livestock Improving livestock feeding Improving livestock health Linking farmers with agro-vet suppliers Supporting CAHWs Improving breeds Improving processing (milk) Improving marketing Watershed protection, improving access to water Amhara Gudo Goshe Beret Bado Tigray Emba Tsibet Hasti Oromia Salka IluSanbitu SNNPR Jawe Upper Gana 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3 2 4 1 3
    19. 19. Project partners in Ethiopia
    20. 20. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net

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