Enhancing  vegetable value chains in rice-based and sole crop production systems to improve household income and consumption in Morogoro
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Enhancing vegetable value chains in rice-based and sole crop production systems to improve household income and consumption in Morogoro

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Presented by Victor Afari-Sefa (World Vegetable Center) and Fen Beed (IITA) at the Africa RISING East and Southern Africa Research Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 1-5 October 2012

Presented by Victor Afari-Sefa (World Vegetable Center) and Fen Beed (IITA) at the Africa RISING East and Southern Africa Research Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 1-5 October 2012

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  • SRI          

Enhancing  vegetable value chains in rice-based and sole crop production systems to improve household income and consumption in Morogoro Enhancing vegetable value chains in rice-based and sole crop production systems to improve household income and consumption in Morogoro Presentation Transcript

  • Africa RISING East and Southern Africa Research Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 1-5 October 2012Enhancing vegetable value chains in rice-based and sole crop production systems to improve household income and consumption in Morogoro Victor Afari-Sefa AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center Fen Beed International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
  • Project Description• Morogoro region a major rice production basket. Use of residual water from rice to produce vegetables such as tomatoes• Identify options for system intensification and increase returns to resource use in rice-vegetable systems• Improve household income and nutrition through increased dietary diversity and consumption of safer vegetables• Develop strategic partnerships, evaluate results through participatory learning to create awareness through stakeholder workshops and intervention strategies for target beneficiaries.
  • Project Outputs1. Establish baseline status of production and market constraints of 4 vegetables as intercrop with rice or as sole cropping system and food safety analysis with vegetable supply chain actors.2. Characterization of rice-vegetable based production sites and consumption patterns of farm households3. On farm assessment of the incidence of pests and diseases for tomato and African eggplant.4. Analysis of microbial, pesticide and heavy metal contamination of market and farm samples of tomato and African eggplant.5. Develop strategic partnerships, evaluate results through participatory learning, action research tools to refine intervention strategies through stakeholder workshops.
  • Selected Sites for StudyMvomero District Division Ward villages VL# Mlali Mlali Mlali 1 Kipera 2 Doma Msongozi 3 Mvomero Dakawa Wami Dakawa 4 Mvomero Dibamba 5 Hembeti Mkindo/Hembeti 6Kilombero District Division Ward villages VL# Mangula Mkula Mkula 1 Katurukila 2 Mangula Mangula A 3 Mangula B 4 Kisawasawa Kisawasawa 5 Ichonde 6 Kiberege Kiberege 7 Siginali 8 Ifakara Kibaoni Kilama 9 Lumemo Lumemo 10
  • Main activities• Enumerator training followed by quantitative survey of 237 farmers• 28 qualitative value actor surveys: seed and agro-dealers, collectors, wholesalers, retailers traders and consumers.• Training of SUA personnel by OSU in protocols for human & plant pathogen detection• Collection and analysis of samples from 50 farms & 4 markets for microbial, pesticide, and heavy metal detection.
  • IPM for Solanaceae spp.; tomato, pepper and African eggplant Field: Morogoro - Mvomero Farm inspections and surveys Pest & disease /pesticide awareness Costs and profits Market: Mamibo (29), Kigamboni (25) Temeke (29), Mvomero (58) Vendor and wholesaler perceptions Pesticide analysesRalstonia solanacearum Heavy metal analyses
  • Characteristics of rice-vegetable production systems• Over 50% grow vegetables as sole crop after harvesting rice• Over 20% grow vegetables as sole crop on non-rice associated land.• Less than 20% grow vegetables on temporal rotation (as sole crop after harvesting rice).• Less than 10% of respondents grow rice and vegetables as an intercrop
  • Perceptions of Other VC Actors• Most important challenges facing vegetable traders • Unpredictable market/ Price fluctuation • Inadequate trading capital • High transportation cost • Lack of specific measurement tools• Village collectors opinions on what should be done: • Credit accessibility should be enhanced for farmers and middlemen • Intensification/commercialization of land area to cultivate to vegetables • Educate farmers on how to identify quality seeds (i.e., non certified and adulterated seeds) • Provide market support systems and link producers to functional markets • Facilitate establishment of processing plants at strategic locations
  • Possible Areas of Intervention• Access to improved cultivars (i.e., seeds that are more resistant to pest & diseases)• Access to better extension services• Access to good quality farm inputs/credit facilities• Farm record keeping and business mgt. skills• Access to information and technologies (e.g., ICPM aimed at reducing production costs)• Strengthening marketing information systems/services• Producer access to “bigger” markets) such as supermarket chains & processors; particularly for tomato)
  • What Worked & What Didn’tWorked• Partnerships successfully established, e.g., joint surveys conducted.• Most activities implemented including 2 workshops albeit with delays .Challenges• Delays in signing of partner sub-agreements and transfer of funds slowed down implementation of certain activities.• Harmonization of a single socio-economic survey and on0farm farm sample collection for food safety analysis due to logistics and time constraints.• Lack of some specialized equipments for food safety analysis• Awareness creation and dissemination of intervention actions delayed.
  • Further Work• Finalize data cleaning and descriptive analysis of socioeconomic surveys.• Finalize analysis of on-farm and market samples for human pathogen, pesticide and heavy metal contamination.• Harmonize results with plant pathology surveys.• Finalize awareness creation/dissemination approach• Report writing
  • Thank you! SRI