Africa RISING Update on Ghana in     2012 and plans for 2013               Asamoah Larbi                   IITA   Africa R...
Africa RISING Program
Africa RISING Research Framework• Outline     • Context     • Purpose and objectives     • Research hypotheses     • Resea...
Context • Sustainably intensify household food, cash crop and   livestock production in FtF target areas (West Africa, ESA...
African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING                                                                        Unemp...
Objectives: Research Identify and evaluate demand-driven options for sustainable  intensification (SI) that contribute to...
Objectives: Development Create opportunities for smallholders (within Africa RISING  action research sites) to move out o...
Outcomes: Research Integrated innovations increase production and/ or improve  productivity in a sustainable manner for t...
Outcomes: Development Wider adoption of innovations for sustainable intensification  identified and tested enhances livel...
Research design: hypotheses Integration: Integrating technological components into  sustainably intensive systems is more...
Research outputs• Situation analysis and program synthesis• Integrated Systems Improvement• Scaling and delivery of integr...
Research output 1: SituationAnalysis and Programme-wideSynthesis. Includes the activitiesthat are necessary to ensure that...
Research output 2: IntegratedSystems Improvement. This outputis delivered via a broad approach ofparticipatory technologyd...
Research output 3: Scalingand Delivery of IntegratedInnovation. The first twooutputs will generateintegrated technologycom...
Research output 4:Integrated M and E Process.The programme will aim towrap the three process-oriented outputs in a firm Ma...
Research Output 1: Situation analysis•   Activities•   Determine development domains (agro-ecological potential, market ac...
Research Output 2: Integrated systems• Identify research teams within R4D platforms to lead  innovation activities related...
Research Output 3: Scaling•   Activities• Assess scalability of integrated innovations (meta-analysis of  options)• Identi...
Research Output 4: Monitoring and Evaluation•   FtF Compliance: M&E standards, best practices, and core indicators establi...
2013 plans
Africa RISING in Ghana• Outline     • Partners     • Implemented work – 2012     • 2013 Plans
African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING                                                                        Unemp...
Africa RISING - Objectives• Identify demand-driven sustainable intensification  options that are socially acceptable, econ...
Africa RISING – Program Outcomes• Whole farm productivity• Natural resource management• Connect to markets and input suppl...
Africa RISING in West Africa : IITA – LedGhana: Maize/rice-legumes (IITA)                                Mali: Sorghum/mil...
Stakeholder meeting, March 2012
Quick-win sites - 2012
Highlights: Analysis of 60 communities
Major crops
Major livestock and poultry
Crop production constraints1. Credit- limited access2. Land preparation – inadequate equipment3. Soil fertility – low4. Se...
Livestock production constraints1. Veterinary services - poor2. Diseases – high prevalence3. Parasites – internal and exte...
Community action plans1. Crop production – on-station and on-farm   • Varietal trials   • Soil fertility management   • Cr...
2012 Work Implemented - Components1. Improving productivity - crop and livestock2. Natural resource management3. Improving...
Highlights: Seed multiplication                                            Seed Area cover                        Variety/...
Highlights: On-farm demonstrations                    Medium                  Extra-early                        Early    ...
Highlights: Maize demonstrations                    TZE WDT STR C4                Abrohema - released                    F...
Highlights: Cowpea responses to planting date                                                        Farmers variety    So...
Highlights: Rice-based systems characterized                                                                              ...
Highlights: Vegetable seed production       Hot peper (Capsicum sp.)    Sweet pepper (Capsicum sp.) Tomato (Solanum lycope...
Highlights: Soil moisture responses to management                                                                         ...
Highlights: Maize water productivity                                                                                      ...
Highlights: Economic rations, guinea fowls                          4Feed cost/kg gain (GHC)                          3   ...
Highlights: Improved sheep/goat husbandry                                                          T1: Farmers’ feeding pr...
Highlights: Improving household nutrition – milk processing     Food types                         Milk processing
Highlights: Improving household nutrition   Food types              Soybean processing
Highlights: Capacity buildingTraining coursesIntegrated crop-livestock productionExperimental designCereal and legume proc...
Highlights: Farmers’ field days
Thank you
2013 – Work-plans1. Situation analysis    •Identification of action research sites    •Collection of baseline information ...
Site selection 2013 - Stratification and characterization
Stratification variables and cut-offsClass           Length of Grow period     Market accessLow             <= 162        ...
Africa RISING’s Niche-Integrated Research                           1. Crop                           2. Soil             ...
NPK  NPK    NPK          Options
Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013
Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013
Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013
Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013
Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013

440

Published on

Presented by Asamoah Larbi at the Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, 23 January 2013

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
440
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013

  1. 1. Africa RISING Update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013 Asamoah Larbi IITA Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, 23 January 2013
  2. 2. Africa RISING Program
  3. 3. Africa RISING Research Framework• Outline • Context • Purpose and objectives • Research hypotheses • Research outputs and activities
  4. 4. Context • Sustainably intensify household food, cash crop and livestock production in FtF target areas (West Africa, ESA, Ethiopian highlands) • In line with USAID missions • In line with the CRP 1.1 and 1.2 • Farm-level issues to landscape to markets (beyond the plot and field to consumers) • Integrate multiple stakeholders • Staple foods within major farming systems with links to nutrition and diversification • Research backstops FtF investments
  5. 5. African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING Unemployment Rapid Poverty Urbanization Hunger Water Scarcity Adverse ImpactLand Grab????? of Climate Change Purpose of Africa RISING: Provide pathways of hunger and poverty for small holder families, especially for women and children, through sustainably intensified farming systems that sufficiently improve food, nutrition, and income security and conserve or enhance the natural resource base
  6. 6. Objectives: Research Identify and evaluate demand-driven options for sustainable intensification (SI) that contribute to rural poverty alleviation, improved nutrition and equity and ecosystem stability Evaluate, document and share experiences with approaches for delivering and integrating innovation for sustainable intensification (SI) in a way that will promote their uptake beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  7. 7. Objectives: Development Create opportunities for smallholders (within Africa RISING action research sites) to move out of poverty and improve their nutritional status – especially of young children and mothers – while maintaining or improving ecosystem stability Facilitate partner-led dissemination of integrated innovations for sustainable intensification beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  8. 8. Outcomes: Research Integrated innovations increase production and/ or improve productivity in a sustainable manner for targeted households at Africa RISING research sites Aggregated impact of these farming practices at household level contributes to an improved understanding of ecosystem stability at the landscape level Dissemination of integrated innovations for sustainable intensification leads to impacts beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  9. 9. Outcomes: Development Wider adoption of innovations for sustainable intensification identified and tested enhances livelihoods Development community initiates programs on innovations for sustainable intensification by from Africa RISING
  10. 10. Research design: hypotheses Integration: Integrating technological components into sustainably intensive systems is more beneficial to small holder farmers than single components Adoption: Integrating technological components into sustainably intensive systems stimulates adoption Trade-off: Offering interventions tailored to the context specific conditions lowers environmental damage Scalability: Agricultural interventions tailored to local context specific conditions are scalable to other settings
  11. 11. Research outputs• Situation analysis and program synthesis• Integrated Systems Improvement• Scaling and delivery of integrated innovation• Monitoring and evaluation
  12. 12. Research output 1: SituationAnalysis and Programme-wideSynthesis. Includes the activitiesthat are necessary to ensure thatproject activities are able tocharacterise and stratify targetcommunities effectively so thatpromising interventions areidentified and inappropriateinterventions rejected.
  13. 13. Research output 2: IntegratedSystems Improvement. This outputis delivered via a broad approach ofparticipatory technologydevelopment and / or identification.This requires projects to allow forthe identification of existing soundpractices within communities thatmight be more widely propagated,the adaptation of these and other,exogenous innovations and themore effective combination ofinnovations from multiple sources.
  14. 14. Research output 3: Scalingand Delivery of IntegratedInnovation. The first twooutputs will generateintegrated technologycombinations that are moreeffectively targeted onfarmer’s real developmentneeds. This third outputrecognises that, even wheresuch technologycombinations can beidentified, the approachesused for scaling them outmay not always be effectiveand seeks to redress thisshortcoming.
  15. 15. Research output 4:Integrated M and E Process.The programme will aim towrap the three process-oriented outputs in a firm Mand E framework.
  16. 16. Research Output 1: Situation analysis• Activities• Determine development domains (agro-ecological potential, market access, and population density)• Prioritize target areas (welfare, sustainability, farming systems, degradation, governments’ & USAID priorities)• Develop farm household typologies• Identify entry points for pathways• Inventory of innovations• Ex-ante potential of innovations• Priority setting and planning for integrated systems improvement• Program-wide synthesis and co-learning
  17. 17. Research Output 2: Integrated systems• Identify research teams within R4D platforms to lead innovation activities related to system improvement• Ex-ante technology evaluation, trade-off analysis, guide future research• Participatory evaluation and adaptation of appropriate combinations of technologies and interventions• New research challenges and opportunities emerging from the activities
  18. 18. Research Output 3: Scaling• Activities• Assess scalability of integrated innovations (meta-analysis of options)• Identify/develop scaling approaches for targeted integrated innovations• Pilot test scaling approaches from action sites within project area• Develop costed templates for scaling by development investors• Evaluate aggregate impact at landscape scale
  19. 19. Research Output 4: Monitoring and Evaluation• FtF Compliance: M&E standards, best practices, and core indicators established for the entire FtF initiative.• Open-access platform: deliver and maintain an open-access, M&E data management and analysis platform to serve the needs of SI implementation partners and other stakeholders.• Monitoring & projection: generate ex ante evaluations (e.g. project targets) for a range of farming system and livelihood outcome indicators on an annual basis to provide enhanced research management and outcome mapping needs.• Multi-scale reporting: provide the capability to support multi-scale monitoring and evaluation• SSA-wide: cross-system reporting to serve the needs of SI wide roll-up of indicators across the three investment geographies/system “project sites” (Guinea Savanna, Ethiopian Highlands, Eastern and Southern Africa)
  20. 20. 2013 plans
  21. 21. Africa RISING in Ghana• Outline • Partners • Implemented work – 2012 • 2013 Plans
  22. 22. African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING Unemployment Rapid Poverty Urbanization Hunger Water Scarcity Adverse ImpactLand Grab????? of Climate Change Purpose of Africa RISING: Provide pathways of hunger and poverty for small holder families, especially for women and children, through sustainably intensified farming systems that sufficiently improve food, nutrition, and income security and conserve or enhance the natural resource base
  23. 23. Africa RISING - Objectives• Identify demand-driven sustainable intensification options that are socially acceptable, economically feasible, and environmentally sound• Combine and adapt these options to address constraints and exploit opportunities• Evaluate their effectiveness at multiple scales• Catalyze ongoing sustainable farm intensification
  24. 24. Africa RISING – Program Outcomes• Whole farm productivity• Natural resource management• Connect to markets and input suppliers• Catalyze ongoing sustainable farm intensification
  25. 25. Africa RISING in West Africa : IITA – LedGhana: Maize/rice-legumes (IITA) Mali: Sorghum/millet-legume (ICRISAT) AfricaRice -Rice AVRDC-Vegetables IWMI-Water ILRI-Livestock CIAT-Soil ICRAF-Agroforestry Research institutes (CSIR), Ministries, Farmers, Input dealers, NGOs, USAID-Mission, Projects, CRPS
  26. 26. Stakeholder meeting, March 2012
  27. 27. Quick-win sites - 2012
  28. 28. Highlights: Analysis of 60 communities
  29. 29. Major crops
  30. 30. Major livestock and poultry
  31. 31. Crop production constraints1. Credit- limited access2. Land preparation – inadequate equipment3. Soil fertility – low4. Seed – quality5. Water - erratic rainfall and drought6. Striga7. Pest and diseases8. Storage – facilities and technologies9. Markets – access (some communities)10. Processing – equipment and technologies
  32. 32. Livestock production constraints1. Veterinary services - poor2. Diseases – high prevalence3. Parasites – internal and external4. Management – in appropriate housing, feeding5. Water points - inadequate6. Theft7. Breeds – improved…??8. Feeding – dry season (wet season??)9. Markets – access (some communities)10. Processing – equipment and technologies
  33. 33. Community action plans1. Crop production – on-station and on-farm • Varietal trials • Soil fertility management • Cropping dates/spraying regimes • Striga management • Community-based seed production2. Livestock – poultry, sheep/goats • Disease and pest management • Feeding management3. Capacity building • Farmers • Research and extension staff
  34. 34. 2012 Work Implemented - Components1. Improving productivity - crop and livestock2. Natural resource management3. Improving household nutrition4. Capacity building
  35. 35. Highlights: Seed multiplication Seed Area cover Variety/promisin (kg) (ha) Crop g line Maize Omankwa 900 40 Abontem 1980 88 Aburohemaa 2700 120 DT SR W COF2 5490 244 Sub-total 11070 492 Cowpea IT 89K-288 90 3 IT 99K-2-1 90 3 Padituya 270 10 Apagbaala 270 10 IT 99K-1-1 360 13 Songotra 540 19 Sub-total 1620 58 Soybean TGX 1448-2F 270 7 TGX 1904-6F 630 17 Sub-total 900 24 Grand total 13590 574
  36. 36. Highlights: On-farm demonstrations Medium Extra-early Early 0 100 200 300 Number of on-farm demonstration
  37. 37. Highlights: Maize demonstrations TZE WDT STR C4 Abrohema - released Farmers variety 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Grain yield (kg/ha)
  38. 38. Highlights: Cowpea responses to planting date Farmers variety Songotra 1600 1200 Grain yield (kg/ha) 800 400 0 Mid-July Early-August Mid-August
  39. 39. Highlights: Rice-based systems characterized 1. Baseline data collected District Assembly 2. Seed produced Rural Bank 3. Yield gap analyzed 4. Multi-stakeholder platforms Agro Input Dealer Tractor Services ProviderActors Processor Male Female Aggregator Ministry of Food and Agriculture Farmer-based organizations 0 100 200 300 400 500 Membership
  40. 40. Highlights: Vegetable seed production Hot peper (Capsicum sp.) Sweet pepper (Capsicum sp.) Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) Amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) African eggplant (Solanum sp.) Okra (Abelmoschus sp.)Jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius)African nightshade (Solanum sp.) Roselle (Habiscus sabdarifa) Pumpkin (Cucurbita sp.) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Seed yield (kg)
  41. 41. Highlights: Soil moisture responses to management Fertilizer,manure (20kg), Tied Ridging Fertilizer,manure (20kg), Tied Ridging No fertilizer, manure (40kg), tied-ridging No fertilizer, manure (40kg), tied-ridging 0.04 Control 0.05 Control Orbilli Soil moisture storage (0-10 cm) rooting zone Digu Soil moisture storage (0-10 cm) rooting zone No fertilizer, manure (40kg), Contour bunds No fertilizer, manure (40kg), Contour bunds 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02 0 0.01 260 280 300 320 340 260 280 300 320 340 Days of the year, 2012 Cropping Season Days of the year, 2012 Cropping Season
  42. 42. Highlights: Maize water productivity Cropyield (Y ) CropWater Pr oductivity CropEvapotranspiration( ETc ) 1.6 0.6Orbilli maize water productivity (kg m-3) Orbilli maize GVP (US $ m-3) 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.4 0 0 FM20R NFM40R Control NFM40C FM20R NFM40R Control NFM40C Management regimes Management regimes
  43. 43. Highlights: Economic rations, guinea fowls 4Feed cost/kg gain (GHC) 3 2 1 0 Maize only Maize+ pito mash (20%)
  44. 44. Highlights: Improved sheep/goat husbandry T1: Farmers’ feeding practice (F) T2: F + Improved health care (H) 10 T4: H + Supplementation Percent cumulative mortality 9 8 7 6 (%) 5 T1 4 T2 3 T4 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 Weeks of experiment
  45. 45. Highlights: Improving household nutrition – milk processing Food types Milk processing
  46. 46. Highlights: Improving household nutrition Food types Soybean processing
  47. 47. Highlights: Capacity buildingTraining coursesIntegrated crop-livestock productionExperimental designCereal and legume processingFood safety – marketers, processorsIrrigation techniquesCrop production – extension agents
  48. 48. Highlights: Farmers’ field days
  49. 49. Thank you
  50. 50. 2013 – Work-plans1. Situation analysis •Identification of action research sites •Collection of baseline information •Construction of farm household typologies •Identification and prioritization of best-bet innovations2. Integrated systems improvement •Integrated crop (maize, rice, soya ,cowpea) -livestock (sheep, poultry, pigs) •Natural resource management •Improving household nutrition •Markets3. Scaling and delivery of integrated technologies4. Monitoring and evaluation5. Partnerships and capacity building
  51. 51. Site selection 2013 - Stratification and characterization
  52. 52. Stratification variables and cut-offsClass Length of Grow period Market accessLow <= 162 >= 200Med Low 162 – 180 100 - 200Med high 180 – 190High >190 <= 100
  53. 53. Africa RISING’s Niche-Integrated Research 1. Crop 2. Soil 3. Livestock 4. Crop Soil 1. Crop/Tree 5. Crop Livestock 6. Soil Livestock 4 5 7. Crop Soil Livestock 7 6 •R4D Platforms •Markets •Institutions •Policies
  54. 54. NPK NPK NPK Options
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×