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Africa RISING update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013

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Presented by Asamoah Larbi at the Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, 23 January 2013

Presented by Asamoah Larbi at the Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, 23 January 2013

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  • 1. Africa RISING Update on Ghana in 2012 and plans for 2013 Asamoah Larbi IITA Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, 23 January 2013
  • 2. Africa RISING Program
  • 3. Africa RISING Research Framework• Outline • Context • Purpose and objectives • Research hypotheses • Research outputs and activities
  • 4. Context • Sustainably intensify household food, cash crop and livestock production in FtF target areas (West Africa, ESA, Ethiopian highlands) • In line with USAID missions • In line with the CRP 1.1 and 1.2 • Farm-level issues to landscape to markets (beyond the plot and field to consumers) • Integrate multiple stakeholders • Staple foods within major farming systems with links to nutrition and diversification • Research backstops FtF investments
  • 5. African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING Unemployment Rapid Poverty Urbanization Hunger Water Scarcity Adverse ImpactLand Grab????? of Climate Change Purpose of Africa RISING: Provide pathways of hunger and poverty for small holder families, especially for women and children, through sustainably intensified farming systems that sufficiently improve food, nutrition, and income security and conserve or enhance the natural resource base
  • 6. Objectives: Research Identify and evaluate demand-driven options for sustainable intensification (SI) that contribute to rural poverty alleviation, improved nutrition and equity and ecosystem stability Evaluate, document and share experiences with approaches for delivering and integrating innovation for sustainable intensification (SI) in a way that will promote their uptake beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  • 7. Objectives: Development Create opportunities for smallholders (within Africa RISING action research sites) to move out of poverty and improve their nutritional status – especially of young children and mothers – while maintaining or improving ecosystem stability Facilitate partner-led dissemination of integrated innovations for sustainable intensification beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  • 8. Outcomes: Research Integrated innovations increase production and/ or improve productivity in a sustainable manner for targeted households at Africa RISING research sites Aggregated impact of these farming practices at household level contributes to an improved understanding of ecosystem stability at the landscape level Dissemination of integrated innovations for sustainable intensification leads to impacts beyond the Africa RISING action research sites
  • 9. Outcomes: Development Wider adoption of innovations for sustainable intensification identified and tested enhances livelihoods Development community initiates programs on innovations for sustainable intensification by from Africa RISING
  • 10. Research design: hypotheses Integration: Integrating technological components into sustainably intensive systems is more beneficial to small holder farmers than single components Adoption: Integrating technological components into sustainably intensive systems stimulates adoption Trade-off: Offering interventions tailored to the context specific conditions lowers environmental damage Scalability: Agricultural interventions tailored to local context specific conditions are scalable to other settings
  • 11. Research outputs• Situation analysis and program synthesis• Integrated Systems Improvement• Scaling and delivery of integrated innovation• Monitoring and evaluation
  • 12. Research output 1: SituationAnalysis and Programme-wideSynthesis. Includes the activitiesthat are necessary to ensure thatproject activities are able tocharacterise and stratify targetcommunities effectively so thatpromising interventions areidentified and inappropriateinterventions rejected.
  • 13. Research output 2: IntegratedSystems Improvement. This outputis delivered via a broad approach ofparticipatory technologydevelopment and / or identification.This requires projects to allow forthe identification of existing soundpractices within communities thatmight be more widely propagated,the adaptation of these and other,exogenous innovations and themore effective combination ofinnovations from multiple sources.
  • 14. Research output 3: Scalingand Delivery of IntegratedInnovation. The first twooutputs will generateintegrated technologycombinations that are moreeffectively targeted onfarmer’s real developmentneeds. This third outputrecognises that, even wheresuch technologycombinations can beidentified, the approachesused for scaling them outmay not always be effectiveand seeks to redress thisshortcoming.
  • 15. Research output 4:Integrated M and E Process.The programme will aim towrap the three process-oriented outputs in a firm Mand E framework.
  • 16. Research Output 1: Situation analysis• Activities• Determine development domains (agro-ecological potential, market access, and population density)• Prioritize target areas (welfare, sustainability, farming systems, degradation, governments’ & USAID priorities)• Develop farm household typologies• Identify entry points for pathways• Inventory of innovations• Ex-ante potential of innovations• Priority setting and planning for integrated systems improvement• Program-wide synthesis and co-learning
  • 17. Research Output 2: Integrated systems• Identify research teams within R4D platforms to lead innovation activities related to system improvement• Ex-ante technology evaluation, trade-off analysis, guide future research• Participatory evaluation and adaptation of appropriate combinations of technologies and interventions• New research challenges and opportunities emerging from the activities
  • 18. Research Output 3: Scaling• Activities• Assess scalability of integrated innovations (meta-analysis of options)• Identify/develop scaling approaches for targeted integrated innovations• Pilot test scaling approaches from action sites within project area• Develop costed templates for scaling by development investors• Evaluate aggregate impact at landscape scale
  • 19. Research Output 4: Monitoring and Evaluation• FtF Compliance: M&E standards, best practices, and core indicators established for the entire FtF initiative.• Open-access platform: deliver and maintain an open-access, M&E data management and analysis platform to serve the needs of SI implementation partners and other stakeholders.• Monitoring & projection: generate ex ante evaluations (e.g. project targets) for a range of farming system and livelihood outcome indicators on an annual basis to provide enhanced research management and outcome mapping needs.• Multi-scale reporting: provide the capability to support multi-scale monitoring and evaluation• SSA-wide: cross-system reporting to serve the needs of SI wide roll-up of indicators across the three investment geographies/system “project sites” (Guinea Savanna, Ethiopian Highlands, Eastern and Southern Africa)
  • 20. 2013 plans
  • 21. Africa RISING in Ghana• Outline • Partners • Implemented work – 2012 • 2013 Plans
  • 22. African Challenges – Purpose of Africa RISING Unemployment Rapid Poverty Urbanization Hunger Water Scarcity Adverse ImpactLand Grab????? of Climate Change Purpose of Africa RISING: Provide pathways of hunger and poverty for small holder families, especially for women and children, through sustainably intensified farming systems that sufficiently improve food, nutrition, and income security and conserve or enhance the natural resource base
  • 23. Africa RISING - Objectives• Identify demand-driven sustainable intensification options that are socially acceptable, economically feasible, and environmentally sound• Combine and adapt these options to address constraints and exploit opportunities• Evaluate their effectiveness at multiple scales• Catalyze ongoing sustainable farm intensification
  • 24. Africa RISING – Program Outcomes• Whole farm productivity• Natural resource management• Connect to markets and input suppliers• Catalyze ongoing sustainable farm intensification
  • 25. Africa RISING in West Africa : IITA – LedGhana: Maize/rice-legumes (IITA) Mali: Sorghum/millet-legume (ICRISAT) AfricaRice -Rice AVRDC-Vegetables IWMI-Water ILRI-Livestock CIAT-Soil ICRAF-Agroforestry Research institutes (CSIR), Ministries, Farmers, Input dealers, NGOs, USAID-Mission, Projects, CRPS
  • 26. Stakeholder meeting, March 2012
  • 27. Quick-win sites - 2012
  • 28. Highlights: Analysis of 60 communities
  • 29. Major crops
  • 30. Major livestock and poultry
  • 31. Crop production constraints1. Credit- limited access2. Land preparation – inadequate equipment3. Soil fertility – low4. Seed – quality5. Water - erratic rainfall and drought6. Striga7. Pest and diseases8. Storage – facilities and technologies9. Markets – access (some communities)10. Processing – equipment and technologies
  • 32. Livestock production constraints1. Veterinary services - poor2. Diseases – high prevalence3. Parasites – internal and external4. Management – in appropriate housing, feeding5. Water points - inadequate6. Theft7. Breeds – improved…??8. Feeding – dry season (wet season??)9. Markets – access (some communities)10. Processing – equipment and technologies
  • 33. Community action plans1. Crop production – on-station and on-farm • Varietal trials • Soil fertility management • Cropping dates/spraying regimes • Striga management • Community-based seed production2. Livestock – poultry, sheep/goats • Disease and pest management • Feeding management3. Capacity building • Farmers • Research and extension staff
  • 34. 2012 Work Implemented - Components1. Improving productivity - crop and livestock2. Natural resource management3. Improving household nutrition4. Capacity building
  • 35. Highlights: Seed multiplication Seed Area cover Variety/promisin (kg) (ha) Crop g line Maize Omankwa 900 40 Abontem 1980 88 Aburohemaa 2700 120 DT SR W COF2 5490 244 Sub-total 11070 492 Cowpea IT 89K-288 90 3 IT 99K-2-1 90 3 Padituya 270 10 Apagbaala 270 10 IT 99K-1-1 360 13 Songotra 540 19 Sub-total 1620 58 Soybean TGX 1448-2F 270 7 TGX 1904-6F 630 17 Sub-total 900 24 Grand total 13590 574
  • 36. Highlights: On-farm demonstrations Medium Extra-early Early 0 100 200 300 Number of on-farm demonstration
  • 37. Highlights: Maize demonstrations TZE WDT STR C4 Abrohema - released Farmers variety 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Grain yield (kg/ha)
  • 38. Highlights: Cowpea responses to planting date Farmers variety Songotra 1600 1200 Grain yield (kg/ha) 800 400 0 Mid-July Early-August Mid-August
  • 39. Highlights: Rice-based systems characterized 1. Baseline data collected District Assembly 2. Seed produced Rural Bank 3. Yield gap analyzed 4. Multi-stakeholder platforms Agro Input Dealer Tractor Services ProviderActors Processor Male Female Aggregator Ministry of Food and Agriculture Farmer-based organizations 0 100 200 300 400 500 Membership
  • 40. Highlights: Vegetable seed production Hot peper (Capsicum sp.) Sweet pepper (Capsicum sp.) Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) Amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) African eggplant (Solanum sp.) Okra (Abelmoschus sp.)Jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius)African nightshade (Solanum sp.) Roselle (Habiscus sabdarifa) Pumpkin (Cucurbita sp.) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Seed yield (kg)
  • 41. Highlights: Soil moisture responses to management Fertilizer,manure (20kg), Tied Ridging Fertilizer,manure (20kg), Tied Ridging No fertilizer, manure (40kg), tied-ridging No fertilizer, manure (40kg), tied-ridging 0.04 Control 0.05 Control Orbilli Soil moisture storage (0-10 cm) rooting zone Digu Soil moisture storage (0-10 cm) rooting zone No fertilizer, manure (40kg), Contour bunds No fertilizer, manure (40kg), Contour bunds 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02 0 0.01 260 280 300 320 340 260 280 300 320 340 Days of the year, 2012 Cropping Season Days of the year, 2012 Cropping Season
  • 42. Highlights: Maize water productivity Cropyield (Y ) CropWater Pr oductivity CropEvapotranspiration( ETc ) 1.6 0.6Orbilli maize water productivity (kg m-3) Orbilli maize GVP (US $ m-3) 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.4 0 0 FM20R NFM40R Control NFM40C FM20R NFM40R Control NFM40C Management regimes Management regimes
  • 43. Highlights: Economic rations, guinea fowls 4Feed cost/kg gain (GHC) 3 2 1 0 Maize only Maize+ pito mash (20%)
  • 44. Highlights: Improved sheep/goat husbandry T1: Farmers’ feeding practice (F) T2: F + Improved health care (H) 10 T4: H + Supplementation Percent cumulative mortality 9 8 7 6 (%) 5 T1 4 T2 3 T4 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 Weeks of experiment
  • 45. Highlights: Improving household nutrition – milk processing Food types Milk processing
  • 46. Highlights: Improving household nutrition Food types Soybean processing
  • 47. Highlights: Capacity buildingTraining coursesIntegrated crop-livestock productionExperimental designCereal and legume processingFood safety – marketers, processorsIrrigation techniquesCrop production – extension agents
  • 48. Highlights: Farmers’ field days
  • 49. Thank you
  • 50. 2013 – Work-plans1. Situation analysis •Identification of action research sites •Collection of baseline information •Construction of farm household typologies •Identification and prioritization of best-bet innovations2. Integrated systems improvement •Integrated crop (maize, rice, soya ,cowpea) -livestock (sheep, poultry, pigs) •Natural resource management •Improving household nutrition •Markets3. Scaling and delivery of integrated technologies4. Monitoring and evaluation5. Partnerships and capacity building
  • 51. Site selection 2013 - Stratification and characterization
  • 52. Stratification variables and cut-offsClass Length of Grow period Market accessLow <= 162 >= 200Med Low 162 – 180 100 - 200Med high 180 – 190High >190 <= 100
  • 53. Africa RISING’s Niche-Integrated Research 1. Crop 2. Soil 3. Livestock 4. Crop Soil 1. Crop/Tree 5. Crop Livestock 6. Soil Livestock 4 5 7. Crop Soil Livestock 7 6 •R4D Platforms •Markets •Institutions •Policies
  • 54. NPK NPK NPK Options