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CGIAR Research Program
Dryland Systems
Said Silim
ICARDA, Country Manager
Africa RISING Annual Learning Event
ILRI, Addis ...
This presentation
• Drylands and dryland production systems
• Key challenges
• Program objectives
• Target regions
• Resea...
Drylands
• Drylands cover about
41% of the earth’s land
area (~3 b Ha)
• Dry areas are home to
2.5 billion people
• About ...
Dryland production systems
• Complex combinations of locally adapted
crops, vegetables, livestock, rangelands, trees and f...
Key Challenges
• Highly variable precipitation and
temperatures
• Water scarcity
– Low and erratic rainfall
– Prolonged dr...
Program Objectives
• Sustainable productivity growth and intensified
production systems at the farm and landscape levels
•...
Target regions
• Areas/systems with the
deepest endemic poverty
and most vulnerable
populations, often
associated with sev...
Research themes
• Approaches and models for
strengthening innovation systems
and linking knowledge to policy
action
• Redu...
Target regions
• Areas/systems with the
deepest endemic poverty
and most vulnerable
populations, often
associated with sev...
Expected outcomes
• Adoption and use innovation systems approaches
• Increased and better focused investment in drylands
•...
Program partners
• Bioversity International
• Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
• Centro Internacional d...
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Introducing the CGIAR research program on dryland systems

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Presented by Said Silim, ICARDA Country Manager, at the Africa RISING Annual Learning Event, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 24-26 September 2013

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Transcript of "Introducing the CGIAR research program on dryland systems"

  1. 1. CGIAR Research Program Dryland Systems Said Silim ICARDA, Country Manager Africa RISING Annual Learning Event ILRI, Addis Ababa, 24-26 September 2013
  2. 2. This presentation • Drylands and dryland production systems • Key challenges • Program objectives • Target regions • Research themes • Expected outcomes • Partner institutions
  3. 3. Drylands • Drylands cover about 41% of the earth’s land area (~3 b Ha) • Dry areas are home to 2.5 billion people • About 16% of this population lives in chronic poverty.
  4. 4. Dryland production systems • Complex combinations of locally adapted crops, vegetables, livestock, rangelands, trees and fish • Generally low in productivity and unable to meet the growing demands Production system Enterprises Agro-pastoral (19% land area) Millet, sorghum, pulses, groundnut, maize, trees Cattle, small ruminants Pastoral (40% land area) Rangeland species; fodder trees & shrubs Camels, cattle, sheep, goats Rainfed mixed (16% land area) Sorghum, millet, pulses (cowpea, chickpea, lentil, faba bean), maize, wheat, groundnut, cassava, t rees, Camels, cattle, sheep, goats
  5. 5. Key Challenges • Highly variable precipitation and temperatures • Water scarcity – Low and erratic rainfall – Prolonged droughts • Low inherent soil fertility • Severe land degradation and desertification • Loss of biodiversity • Number of socio-economic and institutional constraints • Lack of investment
  6. 6. Program Objectives • Sustainable productivity growth and intensified production systems at the farm and landscape levels • More resilient dryland agro-ecosystems that can cope with climate variation and change • Less vulnerable and improved livelihoods of rural communities in drylands • Enhanced and equitable agricultural innovations systems that link to policy and improve the impact of research and development investments in dry areas
  7. 7. Target regions • Areas/systems with the deepest endemic poverty and most vulnerable populations, often associated with severe natural resource degradation and extreme environmental variability • Systems with the greatest potential for impact on poverty in the short to medium term
  8. 8. Research themes • Approaches and models for strengthening innovation systems and linking knowledge to policy action • Reducing vulnerability and managing risk • Sustainable intensification for more productive, profitable and diversified dryland agriculture with well-established linkages to markets • Measuring impacts and cross- regional synthesis
  9. 9. Target regions • Areas/systems with the deepest endemic poverty and most vulnerable populations, often associated with severe natural resource degradation and extreme environmental variability • Systems with the greatest potential for impact on poverty in the short to medium term
  10. 10. Expected outcomes • Adoption and use innovation systems approaches • Increased and better focused investment in drylands • Integrated interventions that reduce vulnerability, manage risk and improve resilience of rural livelihoods • Increased capacity to adapt to climate and other shocks • Integrated management options that sustainably intensify and diversify production systems • Women and other disadvantaged groups benefit from innovation processes that is based on equitable access • Engagement in value-adding activities and new agribusiness • Increased investment in the dryland development
  11. 11. Program partners • Bioversity International • Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) • Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) • International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA, the Lead Center) • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) • International Water Management Institute (IWMI) • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) • WorldFish Center • Sub-Saharan Africa Challenge Program (SSA-CP)
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