Rising to the challenge of sustainable intensification of agricultural production in Africa - Farming systems design to support action research for development
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Rising to the challenge of sustainable intensification of agricultural production in Africa - Farming systems design to support action research for development

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Presented by Jeroen Groot, Charlotte Klapwijk, Carl Timler, Mateete Bekunda, Tom van Mourik, Katrien Descheemaeker, Pablo Tittonell, Ken Giller, Sieglinde Snapp and Bernard Vanlauwe at the 4th......

Presented by Jeroen Groot, Charlotte Klapwijk, Carl Timler, Mateete Bekunda, Tom van Mourik, Katrien Descheemaeker, Pablo Tittonell, Ken Giller, Sieglinde Snapp and Bernard Vanlauwe at the 4th International Symposium for Farming Systems Design, Lanzhou, China, 19-22 August 2013

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  • 1. Rising to the challenge of sustainable intensification of agricultural production in Africa—Farming systems design to support action research for development Jeroen Groot, Charlotte Klapwijk, Carl Timler, Mateete Bekunda, Tom van Mourik, Katrien Descheemaeker, Pablo Tittonell, Ken Giller, Sieglinde Snapp, Bernard Vanlauwe Wageningen University, IITA, ICRISAT, Michigan State University 4th International Symposium for Farming Systems Design Lanzhou, China, 19-22 August 2013
  • 2. Introduction  Entry points for sustainable intensification: • Farm components: crop and animal yield gaps • Farm yield gaps: configurations of components and inputs • Interactions with social-ecological and economic environment: networks, markets, resources  Integrated farming systems analysis needed: • Context-specific • On-farm testing • Embedded in communities
  • 3. Africa RISING project  Create opportunities for smallholder farm households to move out of hunger and poverty through sustainably intensified farming systems • Improve food, nutrition, and income security • Particularly for women and children • Conserve or enhance the natural resource base  Three regional projects: • West Africa (Mali and Ghana) • Ethiopian highlands • East and Southern Africa (Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia)
  • 4. Farming systems analysis Describe Explain Design Explore Stakeholder interactions Diagnosis & design phases
  • 5. Niches, regimes, transitions
  • 6. Farming systems analysis Survey Rapid characteriz. Detailed description Exploration innovations Functional typology Structural typology Systems (re)design Extrapolation Farm diagnoses Tradeoff analysis Farm innovations Potential impact
  • 7. Farm selection – Y frame
  • 8. Data collection
  • 9. Preliminary results
  • 10. Preliminary results Proposed improvement mentioned by farmers Babati (Tz) Kongwa (Tz) Dedza (Mw) Ntcheu (Mw) New crops, cultivars, processing 0.43 0.60 0.88 0.74 Inputs (fertilizers, seeds) 0.25 0.31 0.38 0.23 Land availability 0.23 0.13 Economic resources 0.07 0.15 0.20 0.26 Advice, education and research 0.23 0.13 Improved farm management 0.22 0.06 Technologies and machines 0.17 0.33 Natural resources (soils, manures) 0.14 0.14 0.03 Subsidies 0.02 0.05 Social initiatives, groups 0.01
  • 11.  Large diversity of farm sizes and endowment  Farmers identified large sets of improvements  To be explored: • The role of functional and human/social farm characteristics in grouping and targeting • Role of exploration (solution spaces) and design steps in the delivery of entry points for farm improvement • Cross-country comparison of farming systems, their constraints and potential entry points Discussion
  • 12. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net Thank you for your attention jeroen.groot@wur.nl