Rizal’s Political Exile In The Island Of Dapitan. By: Alexandria Gaetos, Joshua Carandang Paeng Paner, Carissa Bonifacio Rocky Zafranco, Angela Gallardo Marius Chua, Meara Toleran
IntroductionJose Rizal (June 19, 1861-December 30, 1896)Born to a family of 9, Rizal lived a happy and memorable childhood under the guidance ofhis parents, brothers, and sisters.Studied at the Ateneo Municipal De Manila and later at the Unibersidad de Santo Tomas.Went abroad to studied medicine and letter in Barcelona.Meet Ferdinand Blumentritt, Rizal’s soulmate and had a premature child with him.Wrote Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo to show Spanish Colonial GovernmentServed Political exile in DapitanWent to court and found guilty; sentenced death. Executed in Bagumbayan in Decemeber30, 1896.
Beginnings, BeginningsDr. Jose Rizal serving hispolitical exile issued by theSpanish Colonial Governmentarrives on the island ofDapitan onboard the steamer,Cebu.
Issued Living Conditions Pablo Pastells, Superior of Jesuit Priest to Antonio Obach, priest in Dapitan That Rizal publicly retract his errors concerning religion, and make statements that were clearly pro-Spanish and against revolution That he performs the church rites and make a general confession of his past life That he conducts himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and man of religion
In ExileDr. Jose Rizal didn’t reallyfollow the guidelines that Fr.Pablo issued.Rizal lived in the house of acommandante named, KapitanCarnicero.There was respect betweenthe warden and the prisonerfor he was a man of valuesand intellect instead of ananimal.
The PerksThe perks of Rizal of havinga good relation with thecommandante is that he wasable to go around but haveto report once a week, rodethe chestnut horse of thecommandante, and Carnicerowrote good feedback ofRizal’s political exile inDapitan.
Wood, Bamboo, And Nipa Murmur of a clear brook from high rocks 2 boats of barotos Variety of fruit grown like guayabanos, lanzones, langka, baluno Animals like cats, rabbits, and dogs
The HealerRizal would let the locals go to his house toget medical treatment.He would apply the medical expertise helearned from the Unibersidad De SantoTomas and the European schools.
The TeacherDuring the siesta time of 2:00PM-4:00Pm,Dr. Jose Rizal would be a teacher teacher tothe young boys Science and the basics ofLatin.
The FarmerAfter playing the role of the educatedteacher, Dr. Jose Rizal would then involve hisyoung student in farming by helping himwater the plants and pruning the fruits. Heended his session with an Angelus at6:00PM.
The WriterDr. Jose Rizal would have dinner and afterthat continue his life writings and readingbooks.
All Bets Are OffOn September 21, 1892, the steam boat, Butuhan, made its way intothe excited shores of Dapitan.The citizens are wondering what good news can it bring. KapitanCarnicero thought it was the Kapitan-Heneral therefore he quicklycommanded the band to get ready to play.Winning lottery ticket no. 9763 which was owned by a joint KapitanCarnicero, Dr. Rizal, and Francisco Equilior own the SpanishGovernment Controlled Manila lottery.
All Bets Are OffRizal got his share of theP20,000 in the form ofP6,200 on which he gaveP200 to his friend, Basa, whowas based in Hong Kong.The rest of the money hewon he invested it onagricultural lands alongTalisay.He was not a drinker or asmoker but was addicted togambling which was his vice.
Rizal-Pastells Debate On Religion Fr. Pastells sent Dr. Rizal a copy of the book, Sarda. Fr. Pastells advised Dr. Rizal to view religion from the prism of individual judgement and self-esteem. Rizal wrote back to Fr. Pastells which revealed anti feelings for the Catholic Church thru the ideas he embrace while in Europe.
Rizal-Pastells Debate On Religion Fr. Pastells later gave Dr. Rizal a copy of a famous book called Imitacion De Cristo (Imitations Of Christ). Despite Dr. Rizal’s anti feelings for the Catholic Church, he continued his Catholic routine by going mass, celebrating the importance of Christmas, and Catholic related ﬁestas.
Rizal Challenges A French To A DuelDr. Rizal got involved in a quarrel with a French businessmannamed, Mr. Juan Lardet.Mr. Juan Lardet bought logs from Dr. Rizal and later complainedthat the logs that he received was poor quality.Mr. Juan Lardet expressed his anger by writing a letter to a fellowmerchant and friend of Dr. Rizal, Antonio Miranda.Mr. Juan Lardet said “If Rizal were a truthful man, he would haveinformed me that the lumber not included in the account werebad”.
Rizal Challenges A French To A DuelWhen Carnicero heard thisdispleasing news, he informedMr. Juan Lardet that Dr.Rizal was an expert inMartial Arts speciﬁcally inthe ﬁeld of Fencing and PistolShooting.Mr. Juan Lardet gave it athought and later apologized.Dr. Rizal and Mr. JuanLardet’s relationship becamestable afterwards.
Rizal And Fr. SanchezFr. Sanchez was the Jesuitpriest who taught Dr. Rizalduring his THE Ateneo days.He had arrived from Europeand was excited to see hisfavorite student.He also was the only onethat defended Dr. Rizalcontroversial novel, Noli MeTangere.
Rizal And Fr. SanchezHe tried to convinced to regain the trust of the Catholic Church byhaving theological arguments.It was the ﬁrst time that he couldnt persuade his favorite studentfrom THE Ateneo.Although he failed to persuade Dr. Rizal, he enjoyed his company.He helped Dr. Rizal in making the town plaza nice.On his birthday, Dr. Rizal gave him a manuscript entitied, EstudiosSobre La Lengua Tagala (Studies On The Tagalog Language) whichwas dedicated to his former mentor.
La FamiliaDr. Rizal being in political exile missed his family in Calamba,Laguna.Family members that visited him were Trinidad, Maria, and Narcisa.Nephews were Teodosio, Estanislao, Maurico, and Prudencio.
I Spy With My Little Eyes A FriarOn the night of November 3, 1893, a certain “Pablo Mercado” visitedDr. Rizal.He showed Dr. Rizal a photo of Dr. Rizal and his initials to showthat he is connected with the Rizal Family.Pablo Mercado then later offered Dr. Rizal his services as a secretcourier to Manila.Rizal became suspicious afterwards.
I Spy With My Little Eyes A FriarLater that day, Dr. Rizalfound out that “PabloMercado” was still on theisland.He sought the help ofCommandante Sitges toarrest Pablo and ﬁnd out thetruth.Florencio Namanan laterconfessed that he was sentby the recollect friars to spyon the activities and worksof Dr. Rizal
Rizal As PhysicanDr. Rizal treated the nativesof Dapitan despite not havingmoney to pay for hisexcellent and professionalservice.He even gave them freemedicines.“Here the people are so poorthat I even have to givethem medicine gratis”.
Dapitan’s Water SystemRizal was an expertsurveyor.With his knowledge ofengineering, he constructed asystem of waterworks tobring fresh and clean waterto the people of Dapitan.
Community Projects“I want to do all I can forthis town”.He made a lighting systemfor the town with the use ofcoconut oil lamps.With the help of Fr. Sanchez,they both remodeled thetown plaza.Fr. Sanchez made a big mapof Mindanao with the use ofearth, stone, and grass.
Rizal As ScientistDr. Rizal collected specimensof a rich virgin ﬁeld.Explored jungles and coasts.Collected specimens ofinsects, birds, snakes, lizards,frogs, shells, and plants.
Rizal On LanguageDuring his political exile, Dr.Rizal learned bisayan,subanum, and malay.In total, he knew 22languages (Tagalog, Ilokano,Bisayan, Subanun, Spanish,Latin, Greek, English, French,German, Arabic, Malay,Hebrew, Sanskrit, Dutch,Catalan, Italian, Chinese,Japanese, Portuguese,Swedish, and Russian.
Rizal As ArtistHe designed an exquisitecurtain.He sketched a dragon, frog,and a beetle.He drew ﬁshes he caughtfrom ﬁshing.
Rizal As BusinessmanIn partnership with RamonCarreron, they both venturedinto the business of ﬁshing,copra, and hemp industries.Dr. Rizal advised Saturnina toengage in textile, jewelry,and hemp business.
Rizal The InventorDr. Rizal invented a uniquecigarette lighter which hegave his soulmate, FerdinandBlumentritt.The cigarette lighter wasmade of wood.He also invented a brickmaking machine.
Mi RetiroDr. Rizal wrote a poementitled, Mi Retiro, whichdescribes Dr. Rizal’s life inpeaceful Dapitan.Literary critics says its oneof Rizal’s best.
Glad You Came Bracken Rizal became depressed by the end of the day because he didn’t have somebody to inspire and cheer him up. Also the death of his former lover, Leonora Rivera died on August 28, 1893. He needed a comforter. A slender, chestnut blond with blue eyes, dressed in simplicity, with an atmosphere of light gayety came to his life. She was Josephine Bracken.
Francisco RizalJosephine came to Dapitanbecause she heard about Dr.Rizal expertise inophthalmology.She needed to cure Mr.Taufer’ blindness.They both fell in love andlater Josephine becamepregnant.Dr. Rizal played a trick onJosephine that made her givebirth to an 8 monthpremature baby namedFrancisco after his father.
Rizal And The Katipunan Andres Bonifacio, an indio, has decided to take arms against the Spanish Colonial Government to ﬁnally put an end to all the abuses that they have done. Andres believed that the only way to gain independence from Mother Spain was to ﬁght ﬁre with ﬁre and not through reforms and peaceful means like Rizal, an illustrado.
Rizal And KatipunanOn May 2, 1896 Dr. Pio Valenzuela was named emissary to Dr. Rizal.As a coverup, Dr. Valenzuela brought a blind man, Raymundo Mata,to be treated by Dr. Rizal and a guide.After having dinner, Dr. Valenzuela proceed with the true purposeof his trip which was to have Dr. Rizal’s approval of the plannedrevolution being their inspiration.Rizal said 1. “The people are not yet ready for a revolution” and 2.“Arms and funds must ﬁrst be collected before raising the cry ofthe revolution”.
Volunteer As MilitaryField Doctor In CubaCuba was suffering from araging yellow fever epidemic.There was insufﬁcientnumbers of doctors to helpthe Spanish troops who weresick.Dr. Rizal decided to appeal tothe Kapitan-Heneral to offerhis services to the SpanishMilitary in Cuba.
Adios Dapitan! Finally after 4 years in exile, Dr. Jose Rizal is on his way toanother journey in his life.He was going back to Manila to prepare his medical service to theSpanish Military in Cuba, Havana.He was at last enlightened and fulﬁlled in his exile.He Fucked Josephine Bracken...I dunno why though...Wishing he hada son...Damn....