A multi-tenant Architecture            for       Apache Axis2
A multi-tenant Architecture                      for                 Apache Axis2        Afkham Azeez                  Sen...
About the Presenters• Afkham Azeez   –   PMC member Apache Axis, Committer Synapse & Web Services   –   Member, Apache Sof...
Agenda• Core Axis2 architectural concepts• How Axis2 has been multi-tenanted
What is Axis2?• Axis2 is a Web Services engine• Successor to the widely used Apache Axis  SOAP stack.
Message Handling• To fully support the Web services stack  (including WSRM, WSSec,  WSSecureConversation, etc)            ...
ComposabilityAdvanced Web Services                   7
Composability• The whole architecture of WS-* has been  designed around this model      – Use what you need             • ...
Basic Composability                                            WS-Security                                                ...
Composability• SOAP Headers that work together• Common usage of base components      – SOAP      – WS-Addressing• The righ...
Composability exampleAdvanced Web Services       Core Axis: WS with Apache Axis2   11                                     ...
Composability• The aim is to be able to plug in different  capabilities independently• For example:       – Add reliable m...
Axis2 and composability• Axis1 had a simple handler chain model• The only way to compose different handlers  was to manual...
Phases, Modules, Handlers                     Transport           Pre-                         Post-                      ...
Type of Phases• Global phases      – Handlers in these phases always run irrespective of        the service      – Transpo...
Axis2 – Run Time                           Message                           Context                                      ...
Axis2 – Inside Message ContextMessageContext abstract class                                                    <soap:Envel...
Stages of Message Processing• Three important stages       – Transport Receiver               • Transport related processi...
Dispatching• Two aspects of dispatching       – Finding the corresponding descriptions       – Finding the corresponding c...
Message Receiver• The last handler of the execution chain• Message Exchange Pattern (MEP) dependent• Does the actual busin...
MessageReceiverInternals of Axis2
Multi-tenant Message Receiver
Tenant-specific Flow
Description & Context Hierarchy• Descriptions keep static information      – Information extracted from deployment descrip...
Context Hierarchy• ConfigurationContext:      – Is the runtime representation of the whole system.      – To start Axis2 s...
Context Hierarchy Cont…Internals of Axis2                             27
Tenants & Super Tenant                Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant                  Tenant: bar.com
Class Loading• Service isolation      – Each service (in each tenant) gets its own class        loader      – For example ...
Axis2 Repositoryaxis2.repo         services                       foo.aar                       bar.aar             module...
How Class Loading Hierarchy is BuiltInternals of Axis2
Tenant Axis2 Repo                  Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant                  Tenant: bar.com
Tenant Axis2 Repo Management
Tenant-specific Services
Pluggable Deployers                        Deployment Engine                                                POJOWebapp    ...
Pluggable Deployers                           Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant                           Tenant: bar.com
Securing Services
Lazy Loading• Tenant AxisConfiguration &  ConfigurationContext are created only when  required• If a tenant is inactive fo...
Ghost Artifact Deployer
Ghost Artifact Deployer
Ghost Deployer - PerformanceInitial Response Time (ms)                                Without GD                          ...
Deployment Synchronizer
Tenant-aware Security Manager• Main security manager delegates security  verifications to tenant level security managers• ...
Distributed Logging• Every service and custom applications logs are  captured by the log4j/commons loggings  settings• Log...
MT-Logging Deployment Architecture
AppServer Logs
Polyglot Data Architecture
Metering, Throttling & Billing• Some of the key cloud-native attributes• In a multi-tenanted setup, you should be able  to...
Recap• Axis2 concepts  – Messaging, deployment, configurations & contexts• How Axis2 has been multi-tenanted  – Multitenan...
QUESTIONS?
Thank You!
A multi-tenant architecture for Apache Axis2
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A multi-tenant architecture for Apache Axis2

  1. 1. A multi-tenant Architecture for Apache Axis2
  2. 2. A multi-tenant Architecture for Apache Axis2 Afkham Azeez Senaka Fernandoazeez@{apache.org , wso2.com} senaka@{apache.org, wso2.com} WSO2 Inc WSO2 Inc
  3. 3. About the Presenters• Afkham Azeez – PMC member Apache Axis, Committer Synapse & Web Services – Member, Apache Software Foundation – Co-author, Axis2 Web Services – Director of Architecture, WSO2 Inc – Blog: http://blog.afkham.org• Senaka Fernando – PMC member Apache Axis & incubator, committer Web Services – Member, Apache Software Foundation – Product Manager & Associate Tech Lead, WSO2 Inc © WSO2 2011
  4. 4. Agenda• Core Axis2 architectural concepts• How Axis2 has been multi-tenanted
  5. 5. What is Axis2?• Axis2 is a Web Services engine• Successor to the widely used Apache Axis SOAP stack.
  6. 6. Message Handling• To fully support the Web services stack (including WSRM, WSSec, WSSecureConversation, etc) – We need to support a pluggable message handling model ImplementationTransport handler Service SOAP messageInternals of Axis2
  7. 7. ComposabilityAdvanced Web Services 7
  8. 8. Composability• The whole architecture of WS-* has been designed around this model – Use what you need • And no more – Don’t replicate technology in different standards – All the standards should work togetherAdvanced Web Services 8
  9. 9. Basic Composability WS-Security WS-ReliableMessaging WS-AtomicTransactions Transactional Secure Secure Secure Reliable Transactional Reliable Reliable TransactionalAdvanced Web Services 9
  10. 10. Composability• SOAP Headers that work together• Common usage of base components – SOAP – WS-Addressing• The right building blocks, e.g. – Reliable pub/sub • WSRM + WS-Eventing – Secure Single Sign-on • WS-Trust + WS-SecurityAdvanced Web Services 10
  11. 11. Composability exampleAdvanced Web Services Core Axis: WS with Apache Axis2 11 © WSO2 Inc. 2006
  12. 12. Composability• The aim is to be able to plug in different capabilities independently• For example: – Add reliable messaging support and security at the same time• However, the combinations can be complex – Validate the signature – Store the message – Decrypt the body – Invoke the serviceInternals of Axis2
  13. 13. Axis2 and composability• Axis1 had a simple handler chain model• The only way to compose different handlers was to manually add and get the order correct• Axis2 has a more flexible model; that means adding a new capability is just a matter of plugging in a moduleInternals of Axis2
  14. 14. Phases, Modules, Handlers Transport Pre- Post- Dispatch Dispatch In dispatch Phase rule handler1 handler2 Module Axis2Internals of Axis2
  15. 15. Type of Phases• Global phases – Handlers in these phases always run irrespective of the service – Transport, Security, PreDispatch and Dispatch are considered as global phases – These are defaults in the standard axis2.xml• Service phases – Any phase that runs after Dispatch phase – Handlers in these phases are specific to the serviceInternals of Axis2 15
  16. 16. Axis2 – Run Time Message Context Engine XML Trans Message Application Phase Phase PhaseMessage port Receiver X Y Z Internals of Axis2 16
  17. 17. Axis2 – Inside Message ContextMessageContext abstract class <soap:Envelope> Execution <soap:Body> Chain <myNS:OrderSushi> Handlers ... </myNS:OrderSushi> </soap:Body> </soap:Envelope> “property1” Boolean.TRUE “property2” someObject Property Bag Message • Pointers to OperationContext, ServiceContext, ConfigurationContext Internals of Axis2 17
  18. 18. Stages of Message Processing• Three important stages – Transport Receiver • Transport related processing – Dispatching • Finding service and operation – Message Receiver • Last handler of the chainInternals of Axis2
  19. 19. Dispatching• Two aspects of dispatching – Finding the corresponding descriptions – Finding the corresponding contexts• Default dispatchers – AddressingBasedDispatcher – RequestURIBasedDispatcher – SOAPActionBasedDispatcher – SOAPMessageBodyBasedDispatcherInternals of Axis2
  20. 20. Message Receiver• The last handler of the execution chain• Message Exchange Pattern (MEP) dependent• Does the actual business logic invocation• Ability to write custom Message Receivers• Some default Message Receivers  RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver  RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver  RPC*MessageReceiverInternals of Axis2 20
  21. 21. MessageReceiverInternals of Axis2
  22. 22. Multi-tenant Message Receiver
  23. 23. Tenant-specific Flow
  24. 24. Description & Context Hierarchy• Descriptions keep static information – Information extracted from deployment descriptors • An example is the class that a specific MessageReceiver will call• Contexts keep runtime information – This information needs to be managed for various scopes • For example session specific data• Essential to keep them separate! :)Internals of Axis2 25
  25. 25. Context Hierarchy• ConfigurationContext: – Is the runtime representation of the whole system. – To start Axis2 system you need to have configuration context.• ServiceGroupContext: – To keep states of a service group throughout the session – A service group is simply a collection of related services• ServiceContext: – Will represent the run time of one service – The context lifetime will be the lifetime of the session.• OperationContext: – This context is to represent the lifetime of an MEP (Message Exchange Patterns)• MessageContext: – Represents the lifetime of an incoming or outgoing messageInternals of Axis2 26
  26. 26. Context Hierarchy Cont…Internals of Axis2 27
  27. 27. Tenants & Super Tenant Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant Tenant: bar.com
  28. 28. Class Loading• Service isolation – Each service (in each tenant) gets its own class loader – For example two services can use two different versions of same third party library• Module isolation – Each module gets its own class loader – Modules can also be versioned • Different services can engage different versions of the same moduleInternals of Axis2 29
  29. 29. Axis2 Repositoryaxis2.repo services foo.aar bar.aar modules abc.mar xyz.mar
  30. 30. How Class Loading Hierarchy is BuiltInternals of Axis2
  31. 31. Tenant Axis2 Repo Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant Tenant: bar.com
  32. 32. Tenant Axis2 Repo Management
  33. 33. Tenant-specific Services
  34. 34. Pluggable Deployers Deployment Engine POJOWebapp Services Data JAXWS Services Services
  35. 35. Pluggable Deployers Tenant: foo.comSuper Tenant Tenant: bar.com
  36. 36. Securing Services
  37. 37. Lazy Loading• Tenant AxisConfiguration & ConfigurationContext are created only when required• If a tenant is inactive for sometime, these will be unloaded & GCd• Instances when lazy loading happens – First request received – Tenant management console is loaded – A scheduled tenant task is executed
  38. 38. Ghost Artifact Deployer
  39. 39. Ghost Artifact Deployer
  40. 40. Ghost Deployer - PerformanceInitial Response Time (ms) Without GD With GD Number of artifacts
  41. 41. Deployment Synchronizer
  42. 42. Tenant-aware Security Manager• Main security manager delegates security verifications to tenant level security managers• Super tenant can enforce different security policies on tenants• Security policies are tied to the multi-tenancy package assigned to the tenant
  43. 43. Distributed Logging• Every service and custom applications logs are captured by the log4j/commons loggings settings• Logs are partitioned & stored by tenant• Logs are sent to the Manager service via syslog• Logs are then viewable / downloadable by tenant admins
  44. 44. MT-Logging Deployment Architecture
  45. 45. AppServer Logs
  46. 46. Polyglot Data Architecture
  47. 47. Metering, Throttling & Billing• Some of the key cloud-native attributes• In a multi-tenanted setup, you should be able to meter all important aspects • e.g. service request count, request/response sizes etc• You may decide to throttle certain aspects• You may decide to bill for certain aspects • e.g. bandwidth/CPU time usage
  48. 48. Recap• Axis2 concepts – Messaging, deployment, configurations & contexts• How Axis2 has been multi-tenanted – MultitenantMessageReceiver, lazy loading, ghost artifact deployer, data, logging, metering/throttling/billing
  49. 49. QUESTIONS?
  50. 50. Thank You!
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