Structure in Context
(Sentence Structure)
Afiqah Nuraini (A143857)
Yazmalina Yaacob (A143822)
Hayani Amanina (A143844)
Clause
• Definition : a group of related words
containing a subject and a verb or a subject
and a predicate
• Basic kind o...
Clause = finite verb+subject
Phrase = finite verb/subject
Independent Clause
• can stand alone as a complete simple
sentence
• Example;
After the class, he went for a group assignm...
Dependent Clause
• must be connected to or part of another
clause.
• subordinate to a main clause
• Example;
After the cla...
• To connect independent clause and
dependent clause, use conjunctions.
• There are two types of conjunction;
i. Subordina...
Subordinating Conjunctions
• Conjunctions that introduce dependent
clause.
• Being placed before independent clause to
mak...
Common subordinating conjunctions;
Types of subordinating conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions
• Connects two independents clauses.
• It is simple conjuctions.
• Example; for, and, nor, but, ...
Types of sentences
• Simple sentences
• Compound sentences
• Complex sentences
• Compound-complex sentences
Simple sentences
Also called as INDEPENDENT CLAUSE that contains
subject and verb which expresses complete
thought.
• Joan...
• Yazmalina is sitting while eating in the room.
- One subject and compound verb.
• Anis and Nadirah are looking and giggl...
Compound sentences
• Consist of two independent clauses joined by
a coordinator.
• Coordinators of compound sentences ; fo...
Complex sentences
• Independent clause + 1 or more dependent
clauses.
• Always use:
i. Subordinator; because, since, after...
• Independent clause + dependent clause
- She can swim but he cannot.
• Dependent clause + independent clause
- After the ...
Compound-Complex sentences
• Two Independent clauses + one or more Dependent
clauses.
 Although I like to go camping, I h...
Structure in context
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Structure in context

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Structure in context

  1. 1. Structure in Context (Sentence Structure) Afiqah Nuraini (A143857) Yazmalina Yaacob (A143822) Hayani Amanina (A143844)
  2. 2. Clause • Definition : a group of related words containing a subject and a verb or a subject and a predicate • Basic kind of sentence consist of single clause • More complicated sentences may contain multiple clauses
  3. 3. Clause = finite verb+subject Phrase = finite verb/subject
  4. 4. Independent Clause • can stand alone as a complete simple sentence • Example; After the class, he went for a group assignment
  5. 5. Dependent Clause • must be connected to or part of another clause. • subordinate to a main clause • Example; After the class, he went for a group assignment
  6. 6. • To connect independent clause and dependent clause, use conjunctions. • There are two types of conjunction; i. Subordinating Conjunctions ii. Coordinating Conjunctions
  7. 7. Subordinating Conjunctions • Conjunctions that introduce dependent clause. • Being placed before independent clause to make it become dependent • Example: “Doris bought a cake” “After Doris bought a cake…”
  8. 8. Common subordinating conjunctions;
  9. 9. Types of subordinating conjunctions
  10. 10. Coordinating Conjunctions • Connects two independents clauses. • It is simple conjuctions. • Example; for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS)
  11. 11. Types of sentences • Simple sentences • Compound sentences • Complex sentences • Compound-complex sentences
  12. 12. Simple sentences Also called as INDEPENDENT CLAUSE that contains subject and verb which expresses complete thought. • Joanna is sleeping on the bed - One subject and one verb. • Nabila and Alia are taking pictures. - Compound subject and one verb.
  13. 13. • Yazmalina is sitting while eating in the room. - One subject and compound verb. • Anis and Nadirah are looking and giggling at the boys. - Compound subject and compound verb
  14. 14. Compound sentences • Consist of two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. • Coordinators of compound sentences ; for, and , nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS) • Yani is sleeping , and Anis is watching a movie. • Yani is sleeping, so Anis went for a movie. • Yani is sleeping, for Anis went for a movie.
  15. 15. Complex sentences • Independent clause + 1 or more dependent clauses. • Always use: i. Subordinator; because, since, after, although, when ii. Relative pronoun; that, who, which • The sentence can be started either with independent clause or dependent clause.
  16. 16. • Independent clause + dependent clause - She can swim but he cannot. • Dependent clause + independent clause - After the class, he went for a group assignment.
  17. 17. Compound-Complex sentences • Two Independent clauses + one or more Dependent clauses.  Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I haven't found anyone to go with. 1.independent clause: "I haven't had the time to go lately" 2.independent clause: "I haven't found anyone to go with" 3.dependent clause: "Although I like to go camping... "
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