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Mindmapyear456 111201104639-phpapp02 Document Transcript

  • 1. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4
  • 2. 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar To breathe Stay healthy / Sihat Untuk bernafas Food / Air Makanan Udara Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Water Shelter Air Tempat perlindungan Drinks / Minuman To protect from Grow / Membesar Untuk melindungi daripada Stay healthy / Sihat - danger bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan
  • 3. 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Give energy / Beri tenaga To breathe / Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Untuk bernafas Stay healthy / Sihat Food Air Makanan Udara Types / Jenis : Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah Water Shelter / Tempat Air Perlindungan Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada Stay healthy / Sihat - danger Bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - Sun & rain Matahari dan hujan
  • 4. 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas. Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Air Water Sunlight Udara Air Cahaya matahari With water / Ada air : Without water / Tanpa air: - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - wilted / layu - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati
  • 5. 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans. Menganalisa proses hidup manusia. Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Inhale – take in air Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru Tarik nafas – ambil udara Organs Organ Exhale – give out air Hembus nafas - keluarkan udara Purpose / Tujuan : Breathing Rate of breath Pernafasan Kadar pernafasan - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt Number of chest movements in a elak dapat luka period of time - avoid getting injured Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam elak dapat cedera sesuatu masa - to survive untuk terus hidup Respond To Stimuli Life Processes of Reproduce Humans Membiak Bergerak balas Terhadap Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia Ransangan A process to produce Organs their young or offspring Organ Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Eyes – Sight Excrete Mata - Melihat Berkumuh Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate Tongue – Taste Bernyahtinja Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Telinga - Mendengar Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Faeces bunyi Najis Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )
  • 6. 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes. Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup. Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok Effects / Kesan Drinking Alcohol / Minum Taking Drug Alkohol Mengambil Dadah - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan tindak balas terhadap ransangan How to avoid Bagaimana untuk hindari - Lose ability to walk in a straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus Occupy time with beneficial activities - Can cause accidents Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti Menyebabkan kemalangan berfaedah Participate in campaigns Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya
  • 7. 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals. Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan. Animals Life Processes Proses Hidup Haiwan Excrete Breathe Reproduce / Berkumuh Bernafas Membiak Defecate / Bernyahtinja Lay Eggs / Give Birth Bertelur Lahirkan anak Organs Organ cat butterfly kucing rama-rama To get rid of waste product from their bodies tiger harimau Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari bird badan burung bat kelawar whale paus Lungs Gill Book Lungs Moist skin Trachea Structure Paru-paru Insang Kulit lembap Sistem Trakea - monkey - fish - frog - insects monyet - crab katak ikan serangga ketam - bird - prawn - earthworm burung udang cacing tanah - whale paus
  • 8. 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants. Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan.Various ways plants Plants respond to stimuli. the part of plant thatreproduce through…seeds, water, sunlight, touch, gravity. responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindakspores, suckers, stem Tumbuhan bergerak balas balas terhadap ransangancutting, leaves, terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,gravitiunderground stem.Berbagai cara tumbuhan membiakmelalui….bji benih, spora, anak rootspokok,keratan batang, daun,batang bawah tanah akar the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Life balas terhadap graviti processes plants roots undergo akar Plants reproduce. Proses hidup tumbuhan membiak tumbuhan Seeds – balsam, corn, durian the part of plant that responds Biji benih- keembung, jagung,durian to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Spores – fern, mushroom terhadap cahaya matahari Spora - paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers – banana, shoot pineapple pucuk Anak pokok- pisang,nenas Stem cutting – hibiscus, rose, Permul Akhir tapioca aaan ekspe Keratan batang- bunga raya , eksperi rimen ubi kayu Leaves – bryophyllum, begonia men Daun - setawar,begonia Stem - potato, onion, ginger Batang - kentang,bawang,halia the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Why plants need to reproduce balas terhadap sentuhan to ensure the survival of the species.? Mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak? untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya?
  • 9. 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger. Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya. Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Special Special behaviour characteristics Tingkah-laku khas Ciri-ciri khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Thick and hard skin Camouflage ( cameleon ) ( rhinoceros ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) ( sotong ) Cangkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput ) Hard scales ( pangolin, Poisonous sting or fang crocodiles ) ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) ( kala jengking, ular ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )
  • 10. Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Hot weather Cold weather Cuaca panas Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin Thick Fur(Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears) and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut Berbulu tebal (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) (Beruang kutub) Wallowing Fat Layers Under Their Skins(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Penguins, seals, and whales) and buffaloes) Berkubang Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Humps Small Ears(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Seals and Walruses) and buffaloes) Telinga kecil Berkubang (Anjing laut, singa laut) (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)
  • 11. 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh. The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Produces latex Have thorns Keluarkan getah Berduri Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh
  • 12. 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from dry region and strong wind. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat. Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri dry region strong wind kawasan kering angin kuat Eg : cactus Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, kaktus . pokok kelapa, pokok buluh • Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air • Succulent stems can store a. Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok water b. Have buttress roots Batang boleh menyimpan air Akar banir • Thorns can can prevent the c. Have separated leaves excessive loss of water Daun berbilah-bilah Duri boleh mencegah kehilangan d. Needle- shaped leaves banyak air Daun berbentuk jarum
  • 13. The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, it started to rainheavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to its shelter, a hole near a wooden house. Cik Tiwas tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in thehole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” said Cik Ti frustrated. Cik Ti moved into the kitchen . “Arghh…… I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After shehad her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water.Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He tightenthe bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti ….. Her voiceslowed down . Finally Cik Ti died without air….. Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tibahujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas untuk kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuahlubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanantetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Titerus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm…sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. CikTi minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersediauntuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastikdan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.”Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara.....
  • 14. What Plants Need to Stay Healthy?Thank you for giving meenough water. I can use it tomake my food. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope youTerima kasih kerana memberikan grow healthy soon.saya air yang cukup. Saya akan Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya.gunakannya untk membuat makanan. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Thank you for keeping me Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup under direct sunlight. Now I subur kelak. get enough light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope Thank you for giving me you can grow healthy enough fertilizer. Now I can get soon . enough minerals. I can use it Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup to make my food. subur kelak. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath easily. Thank you. Now Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope I can get enough air. I can use you can grow healthy it to make my food. soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima saya. Harap awak akan hidup kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat subur kelak. udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan.
  • 15. THE EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHANNo. Organs Diagram Waste Products Bil Gambarajah Organ Bahan Buangan1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang Kidney Urine + water vapour Air Kencing + wap air Ureter2. Lungs / Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water vapour Karbon dioksida + wap air3. Skin / Kulit Sweat + Water Vapour + Mineral salt Peluh + wap air + garam mineral
  • 16. Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots where are going ? I want to go down to meet my gravity. Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? I‟m going down to the soil to absorb water.Oh Green Shoot, Oh Green Shoot why are you going up? I can go up to search for sunlight. The shoot responds to sunlight Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap cahaya matahari.. The roots respond to water. Akar bergerakbalas terhadap air.
  • 17. The Breathing Structure of Animals Gill Insang Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Lung Paru-paru Nose Hidung Windpipe Salur Trakea Moist Skin Kulit Lembab Lung Paru-paru Air Passage Lung Peredaran Udara Paru-paruNose Wind Pipe LungsHidung Trakea Paru-paru
  • 18. Animal Defense From Extreme Weather Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Rest – Desert Animals Thick Furs - Polar Long Ears – Desert Fox Hump - Camels Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Kangaroo Rat Camel Penguin
  • 19. How I Survived – An Animal Which Live in a Pond My Story I am a _____________________ who lives in the pond. The pond that I live inis full of____________________ and _______________________. Some days it is using my wax and poisonous skin.hard to stay alive! I protect myself from other animals by _______________________. I also have to have four basic things in order to live. They are _________________________, ________________, and ____________________. I also catching my preys with my long tongue.stay alive by __________________________________. It‟s easy for me to catch andeat. Another animal that lives in the pond with me is the _______________. Helikes to eat _________________. Sometimes he hides from other animals by gliding quietly___________________.But sometimes he is seen by the ___________________ and is eaten! He has to be veryquick to stay alive. I like living in the pond.
  • 20. NATURAL DEFENSE IN PLANTSPERLINDUNGAN SECARA SEMULAJADI OLEH TUMBUHAN I have sharp thorns. Don‟t come near me. Saya ada duri yang tajam.Jangan dekati saya. I am sensitive. I will fold my leaflets. Please don‟t touch me Saya sensitive.Saya akan menguncupkan daun-daun saya apabila disentuh. I have latex. I will stick on you. Saya ada getah. Saya akan melekat pada awak. My fine hairs will cause itchiness. Don‟t come near me. I will make you itchy. Bulu halus pada saya boleh menyebabkan kegatalan. Jangan dekati saya. Saya akan menggatalkan awak.
  • 21. ADAPTATION TO NATURE PENYESUAIAN DIRI TERHADAP ALAM SEMULAJADI Cactus, how do you get water in this dry region?My thick stem can store more Kaktus, bagaimana awak mendapat air di kawasan keringwater for me. seperti ini?Batang tebal saya membolehkan menyimpanlebih banyak air untuk saya.I have long roots.So I can go deep in the soil to getwater. I have needle shaped leaves.Saya ada akar yang panjang. So I lose less water.Jadi saya boleh pergi jauh ke dalam tanah Saya mempunyai daun berbentukuntuk mendapatkan air jarum,jadi saya kurang hilang air. Coconut tree, how do you survive from strong winds? Pokok kelapa, bagaimana awak bertahan daripada angin kencang? My leaves are divided so that they do not break easily. Oh, I have strong buttress roots. The trunk helps them to sway with the It is easy for me to defend from wind. Daun-daun saya adalah berbilah-bilah jadi strong winds. mereka tidak terpecah dengan mudah. Oh, saya ada akar banir yang kuat. Batang pokok saya membantu mereka Ia memudahkan saya untuk menahan angin bergoyang bersama angin. yang kuat.
  • 22. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 4
  • 23. 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.2 Area 1.3 Volume Luas Isipadu 1.4 Liquid Cecair 1.1 Length 1.5 Mass Panjang Measurement Berat Ukuran 1.7 Standard units 1.6 Time Unit seragam Masa
  • 24. 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Measuring Arm tape String span Pita pengukur Tali Depa Terminology Cubit Istilah Ways to measure Hasta Cara menyukat-The distance between Rulertwo points/ place / PembarispositionJarak di antara duatitik/tempat/kedudukan Length Standard Tools Panjang Alat Piawai Correct technique Teknik yang betul -The eye must be Measuring directly above tape Ruler the end of object Pita pengukur Pembaris Mata mesti tepat pada bahagian bawah hujung benda Unit Unit mm cm m km mm sm m km
  • 25. 1.2 Understanding how to calculate area Memahami cara mengira luas 1.2 Area Luas Standard unit Unit piawai Terminology Istilah -Square millimetres (mm2) Milimeter persegi (mm²) -Area is the amount of -Square centimetres (cm2) space taken up by the Sentimeter persegi (cm²) surface of an object. -Square metres (m2) Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang Meter persegi (m²) dipenuhi pada permukaan -Square kilometres (km2) sesuatu objek Kilometer persegi (km²) Different ways to measure area Cara- cara untuk menyukat luas - by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and stamps on the surface of the objects dengan meletakkan objek -Using formula seperti jubin, buku dan setem Guna rumus pada permukaan objek 2c m 4c m Area = length X width -Using square card with a Luas = panjang X lebar sides of 1 centimetre = 4cm X 2 cm Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan = 8cm2 tepinya 1 sentimeter 3cm 1cm 3cm 1cm
  • 26. 1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukatLength x width x height Panjang x lebar x tinggi Terminology Istilah Tools Alat Formula Rumus 1.3 Solid Volume 1.4 Liquid Pepejal Isipadu Cecair Standard Units Standard Units Unit seragam Unit piawai Correct technique Teknik yang betul mm³, cm³, m³ ml, l mm³, sm³, m³ ml, l a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus
  • 27. 1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara menyukat berat Terminology Istilah Correct technique Teknik yang betul Amount of matter in an object Jumlah benda dalam objek Mass Berat Electronic balance Neraca elektronik Tools Alat Bathroom scale Standard unit Penimbang berat Unit piawai badan Lever balance Mg g kg Beam balance Neraca tuas mg g kg Neraca palang Kitchen scale Penimbang dapur
  • 28. 1.6 Understanding how to measure time Memahami cara mengukur masa Standard unit Unit piawai Terminology Time Istilah Masa Second , minute , hour Saat, minit, jamDuration between two moment Tempoh antara dua ketika Way to measure Tool Cara untuk mengukur Alatan A process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Proses yang berulang secara sekata boleh Jam digital, jam, jam tangan digunakan untuk menyukat masa Old clock Events that can be used measure time Jam lama Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa-Sundial , sand clock , candle clock-Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin -swinging of a pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -change day and night perubahan siang dan malam
  • 29. 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai The Importance of Standard Units Kepentingan unit piawai for accuracy and consistency easy to communicate and understand untuk tepat dan konsisten mudah untuk berkomunikasi dan difahami
  • 30. MEASUREMENT SONG ( Sing To : ‘ When I go to school ’ tune )When I want to measure the Bila nak mengukur panjanglength saya guna tangan 3xThen I use my hand -3x Bila nak mengukur panjangWhen I want to measure the saya guna tanganlength Semuanya anggota badanThen I use my handAll are in my body parts Depa, hasta,kaki dan jengkal Anggota yang (digunakan 3xThe arm span, cubit, foot and Semua anggota badanspanAre the measurement I use - 3xAll are my body partsWhen I want to measure the Bila nak mengukur panjanglength Saya guna pita 3x I use the tape - 3x Bila nak mengukur panjangWhen I want to measure the Saya guna pita 3xlength Inilah unitnya I use the tapeAll are the unit I use Milimeter, sentimeter, meter, dan kilometerThe milimetre, centimetre, metre, Unit yang (digunakan 3xand kilometre are the unit I use - Semua unit piawai3xAll are in standard unitsWhen I want to measure the mass Bila nak mengukur jisimThen I use the tools 3x Saya guna alat 3xThe milligram and gram and the Miligram dan gram dankilogram 3x kilogram 3xAll are the unit I use Inilah unitnyaThe beam and lever balance, The beam and lever balance,kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x kitchen and the bathroom scaleAll are used to measure mass 3x Semua ‘tuk mengukur berat Unit 4/Lesson 1 Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants
  • 31. THE STORY OF TIME CERITA TENTANG MASA Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformlyto measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clockand modern clock were invented. Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulangsecara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dinding dan jammoden telah dicipta. Ancient Clocks Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock Modern Clock Wall clock Stop Watch Watch
  • 32. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 4
  • 33. 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahanmetal carbon glass plastics woodlogam karbon kaca plastik kayu Light to pass through Conduct electricity Cahaya boleh melaluinya Insulator Mengalirkan elektrik Penebat Cahaya melaluinya Mengalirkan arus Penebat elektrik Properties of materials Sifat bahan Float on water Sink in water Can be stretch Conduct heat Terapung atas air Tenggelam dalam Boleh diregangkan Mengalirkan haba air wood kayu rubber band gelang getah metal stone logam batu
  • 34. 1.2 Applying knowledge of properties of materials in everyday life Mengaplikasi pengetahuan tentang sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Suggest ways to keep things hot Suggest ways to keep things cold Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda sejuk panas Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat hot thing cold thing benda panas benda sejuk to prevent heat loss prevent from absorbing heat untuk menghalang kehilangan haba halang daripada serap haba
  • 35. 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Mensintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan List of object and Reasons why particular materials that they are materials are used made of to make an object Senarai objek dan bahan Keterangan mengapa bahan tertentu yang dibuat daripada: digunakan untuk membuat objek object materials properties objek bahan sifat spoon metal hard sudu logam keras cheap strength murah kuat tissue wood soft tisu kayu lembut easy to get good quality glasses glass transparent senang didapati kualiti baik gelas kaca lutsinar
  • 36. 1.4 Knowing the importance of reusing, reducing and recycling. Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan wood cotton metal plastics synthetic cloth kayu kapas logam plastik kain sintetik Natural materials Man-made materials Bahan semulajadi rubber glass getah kaca Bahan buatan Bahan semulajadi Bahan buatan State that man-made materials are made by man from natural materials Nyatakan bahan buatan dibuat dari bahan semulajadi reducing reusing recycling mengurangkan guna semula kitar semula public transport plastic bag bottle plastics glass pengangkutan awam beg plastik botol plastik kaca
  • 37. 1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegahDifferent ways to prevent objects from rusting The necessity to prevent rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek daripada Keperluan mencegah pengaratan berkarat Coating with non rusting *Longlasting Live materials Tahan lebih lama Menyadurkan dengan bahan tidak *Save natural resources berkarat Selamatkan bahan asal *paint cat *Save cost *minyak Jimat kos *Looks good Mencantikkan *grease gris *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara
  • 38. 1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusty Non rusty objects objects Objek tidak berkarat Objek berkarat iron and Objects made of Object made of glass, plastic, steel wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat daripada Objek yang diperbuat daripada besi kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera dan keluli *Nail Paku *Glass Kaca *Spoon Sudu *Bottle Botol *Knife Pisau *Cup Cawan *Needle Jarum *Pencil Pensil
  • 39. MATERIALS AROUND YOU MATERIALS GLASS COTTON WOOD METAL RUBBER PLASTIC -The Properties Of Materials--Floats -Can -Conducts -Allow -Can be Insulatoron water absorbs electricity light to stretched water -Conducts pass t -Insulator- -Insulator heat throughInsulator them -Conductor -Insulator -Boleh Penebat-Terapung -Boleh diregangdi atas air menyerap air -Penebat-Penebat -Penebat -Mengalirkan Membenarkan elektrik cahaya -Mengalirkan menembusinya haba -Penebat -Konduktor
  • 40. Opaque, Translucent and TransparentLegap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya Wooden Door I can‟t see you. (opaque) Saya tak nampak awak. I can see you but not clear. Glass Door Saya nampak awak tapi kurang jelas. (Translucent) Clear glass Door I can see you clearly. (Transparent) Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. Unit 5/Lesson 4 Fantastic materials
  • 41. NATURAL AND MAN MADE BAHAN SEMULAJADI DAN BUATAN MANUSIA METAL LOGAM RUBBER GETAH GLASS KACA COTTON SILK NATURAL KAPAS SUTERA MATERIALS CLAY TANAH LEATHER LIAT KULIT BAHAN WOOD SEMULAJADI FUR KAYU BULU SYNTHETC CLOTHRAYON MAN-MADE KAINRAYON MATERIALS SINTETIK BAHAN BUATAN MANUSIA NYLON PLASTIC NILON PLASTIK Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made
  • 42. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 4
  • 43. WEEK : 19TOPIC : Investigating The Earth & Universe Year 4 Menyiasat & Alam Semesta Tahun 4 Mind Map / Mind Power Peta Minda / Kuasa MindaTIME : 3 hour / 3 jamListen and understand teacher’s explanation about the mind map and mindpower.Dengar dan fahamkan penerangan guru tentang peta minda dan kuasa minda. 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar -Nine Planets Sembilan planet Mercury – My Utarid -Natural satellites Satelit semulajadi Venus – Very Zuhrah -Meteors Earth – Excellent Meteor Bumi -Comets Mars – Mother Komet Marikh -Asteroids Jupiter – Just Asteroid Musytari Saturn – Served Zuhal Uranus – Us Uranus List of Neptune – Nine constituents Neptun Senarai ahli Pluto – Pudding Pluto The solar system Sistem Solar List of planets Senarai planet Planets move around the Sun Planet beredar mengelilingi matahari
  • 44. 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari (4:1) (100:1) the Earth the Sun Bumi the Moon Matahari 100 the Earth Bulan Bumi 4 1 1Size of the Sun relative to the size Size of the Earth relative of the Earth. to the size Saiz Matahari relatif saiz The relative size of the Moon. Bumi and distance Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Saiz dan jarak relatif di antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke Bulan the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan the Sun Matahari 150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400
  • 45. 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Much nearer : Lebih dekat•The nearer a planet is to the Sun, •The temperature on Earth the hotter is the surface of the planet. rise. Suhu di bumi akan meningkat Planet yang dekat dengan matahari mempunyai permukaan yang paling panas •Water on Earth would•The further a planet is from the Sun, evaporate. the colder is the surface of the planet. Air di bumi akan tersejat Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari •No water and the temperature mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling be very hot. sejuk. Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih panas. Do not have enough air and water. Much further : Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang mencukupi Lebih jauh •The temperature on Earth would drop. Suhu di bumi akan menurun •Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. •All living things would die. Semua benda hidup akan mati. Earth in the Solar System Bumi dalam Sistem Solar EffectWhy certain planets are Kesannot conducive for living The Earth is the only things. planet in the Solar SystemMengapa sesetengah planet that has living things. tidak sesuai Hanya planet Bumi dalam untuk benda hidup Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup • Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya • It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. • The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi
  • 46. OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITAMERCURY MAKAN MYVENUS VERY VITAMINEARTH EASY EMARS METHOD MULUTJUPITER JUST JADI STOPSATURN USING SENGETURANUS NINE URATNEPTUNE PLANET NAKPLUTO PUTUS The nine planets from the sun. Sembilan Planet daripada Matahari.
  • 47. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 4
  • 48. 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Agriculture Pertanian e.g; Technology hoe plough tractor combine harvester Teknologi Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai Construction Pembinaan Development Cave hut wooden house apartment Of Technology Pembangunan Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa teknologi Examples ContohTransportationPengangkutanLand/ Darat Animal bicycle car train Haiwan basikal kereta kereta apiAir/UdaraHot air balloon airship glider aeroplaneBelon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbangWater/AirCanoe raft sampan ferry shipKenu rakit sampan feri kapal Communication Komunikasi Drawing carrier pigeon telephone Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon
  • 49. 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Importance of technology in everyday life Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Limitation of human ability Had keupayaan manusia Examples of human limitations are Contoh had keupayaan manusia • Unable to see fine objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil Microscope Mikroskop •Unable to speak very loud Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat - The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes •Unable to walk for long distances Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda dan Tidak boleh berjalan jauh mikrob yang halus Microphone •Unable to see far away objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Untuk meninggikan suara Telephone Telefon -To communicate from long distance Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh Devices to overcome human Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes limitations Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang Alat mengatasi had keupayaan manusia -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat Telescope, binoculars Teleskop, binocular -To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh
  • 50. 1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Cannot move and lift heavy things Problems encounter in our daily Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat benda life berat Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan sehari Cannot move Tidak boleh bergerak jauh Brain storming Ideas to solve the problems Mencari idea identified Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah Sketch the model dikenal pasti Lakar model Technology to solve problems Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah Wheel barrow Device to solve the problem Kereta sorong identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenalpasti Lever Tuas Demonstrate that the device Wheel barrow – can move heavy things invented can be used to solve the easily problem identified Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda berat Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta dengan senang boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti Pulley – can lift anything Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja
  • 51. 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used wisely Menganalisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana Advantages of Disadvantages of Technology Technology Kelebihan teknologi Kelemahan teknologi •Communication Environmental pollution from increase in Komunikasi waste materials Enable human to learn more about Pencemaran alam daripada penambahan sisa things happening around the world buangan Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia Environmental destruction results from excessive usage of natural resources •Transportation Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada penggunaan Pengangkutan sumber semulajadi yang berleluasa Enable human to travel to far away places in a shorter time Social problem Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat yang jauh Masalah sosial dalam masa yang singkat Bad effects on health result from •Agriculture environmental pollution and excessive Pertanian use of chemicals Machines make it easier to plant and Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesan daripada harvest the crops pencemaran sekitar dan penggunaan bahan kimia Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam dan menuai secara berleluasa •Construction Pembinaan Roads, highways, bridges and Buildings are easier and faster to build Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh raya, jambatan dan bangunan
  • 52. HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENGATASINYA I can‟t contact I can‟t walk, We can‟t fly. Can we save the you. anymore. Kami tak boleh data? Saya tak dapat Saya tak boleh terbang. Boleh tak kita simpan menghubungi awak berjalan lagi. data ini? HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Bagaimana menyelesaikannya ?Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computerGuna telefon Guna kereta Guna kapal terbang Guna komputer
  • 53. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5
  • 54. 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things. Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup. microganism Mikroorganisma Bakteria Fungi Protozoa Virus Kulat Virus Characteristics Ciri.Ciri Breathe Grow Bernafas Membesar Move Cannot be seen with Bergerak The naked eyes Tidak boleh dilihat dengan mata kasar Mengepam air,Cause the dough to rise Menyebabkan adunan tepung menaik. • Rotten oranges limau busuk • Mouldy rice • Nasi berkulat Halus
  • 55. 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful. Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna. Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful Harmful Prevention berguna Berbahaya Cara mencegah-In making food Disease Penyakit buat makanan Washing hands(bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) Membasuh tangan ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) cause-In making fertilizer Menyebabkan ach upset buat baja Sakit perut Drinking boiled-In making medicine water buat ubat Minum air yang dimasak Cough batuk Covering mouth & nose when coughing &Penyakit Sumber- Tooth decay sneezing sumber Gigi mereput Menutup mulut dan TenagaFood hidung apabila PaksiFood batuk dan bersin Poisoning Conjunctivitis Keracunan to go bad Tooth Sakit mata makanan Makanan Decay basi Gigi mereput
  • 56. 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF Examples of animals that take THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur dan anak care of their eggs and young. mereka . Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak. bird, spider, fish,snake, Bird – have eggs with shell . burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang turtle, kangaroo, elephant Frog – have thick and shiny eggs l penyu,kanggaru,gajah Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir Spider - kept their in a bag underneath thier bodies. Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah badan Fish - keep their young in their mouths Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk menyelamatkan telur Survival of Turtle - hide their eggs Animal Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya Species Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Kemandirian Spesis Kanggaru – Membawa anaknya di dalam Haiwan kantung Elephant - stay in herds Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan Why animals take care of their eggs and young? Mengapa haiwan melindungi telur dan anaknya? Kepentingan KiambangShortage of food To ensure the survival resources of their species Sumber makanan berkurangan Memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. Animal and plant species may face extinction. Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan akan mengalami kepupusan.
  • 57. 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. Agents of Special characteristic Examples dispersal Contoh Agen Pencaran Ciri-ciri istimewa • Light / Ringan • Coconut Water • Air Space in the kelapa Air fruits • Water Lily Ruang udara di dalam buah - Not water absorbent Air tidak boleh diserap • Light / Ringan • Shorea Wind Angin • Small in size / • Angsana saiz kecil • Lalang • Winged / berkepakCan Survival of Plant Species Explosive • Dry when ripe • Rubber fruit Kemandirian mechanism Kering apabila buah getah spesies Mekanisme masak • Balsam fruit tumbuhanMicroo letupan • Explodes when keembong matured • okra Meletup apabila kacang bendi matang  Brightly Animal coloured • Rambutan haiwan Warna yang terang • Mango  Edible mangga Boleh dimakan • Love grass  Have pleasents kemuncup  mells • Mimosa berbau duri semalu  Have hooks bercangkuk
  • 58. 3.1 Understanding food chains. Memahami rantai makanan. Food Chain Animals and the Rantai Makanan Consumer food they eat Pengguna Haiwan dan makanannya Animals that Producer eat plants All living things Pengeluar or other need food to animalssurvive.Green plant are calledcan make their own Classify animals consumers. Construct by a food chain food. However Pengkelasan haiwan Membina rantai makanan animals cannot Haiwan yang make their own makan make their own Herbivore : tumbuhan The food atau haiwan lain food. Animals that eat plants relationship dipanggil only. among living pengguna.Semua benda hidup e.g.: cow, goat, deer things perlu Herbivor can be shown by makanan untuk Haiwan makan hidup. a food chain. tumbuhan sahaja Tumbuhan hijau Cth: lembu,kambing,rusa boleh Hubungan antaramembuat makanan makanan sendiri. dan benda hidup Carnivore: ditunjukkan melalui Animals that eat other rantai makanan animals. e.g.: tiger, lionGreen plant obtain Karnivor energy from chain It must start Haiwan yang makan the sun to make with plant as haiwan lain food. Green Cth : harimau,singa a producer. Untuk membinaPlant are producers rantai makanan ia Omnivore: bermula daripada Tumbuhan hijau tumbuhan sebagai Memerlukan tenaga Animals that eat plants and other animals pengeluar. daripada Matahari untuk membuat e.g. chicken,cat makanan. Omnivor Tumbuhan Haiwan makan adalah pengeluar tumbuhan dan „eaten by‟ haiwan lain. Dalam rantai Cth; ayam,kucing makanan anak panah bermaksud dimakan oleh
  • 59. 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan. What will happen if thry They will face difficulty animals if they eat only to survive if the source one type of food? of food runs out Food web of different Apa akan berlaku kepada habitats Mereka akan mengalami haiwan yang hanya makan Siratan makanan daripada kesukaran jika sumber satu jenis makanan sahaja? berlainan habitat. makanan kehabisan. Protozoa Synthesizing food chains to construct food webs Sintesis siratan makanan untuk What will happen If there is membentuk rantai makanan a change in population of a certain species in a food web? Apa akan berlaku jika terdapat paddy plants mouse snakes perubahan spesies dalam tanaman padi tikus ular siratan makanan?Bacteria caterpillar birds ulat beluncas burung eagles helang A change in the population grasshoppers belalang of a certain species will effect the population of other species frogs katak Perubahan populasi beberapa haiwan memberi kesan kepada populasi haiwan lain. Paddy field Sawah padi Food web Siratan makanan caterpillar bird ulat beluncas burung spinach grasshopper frog snake bayam belalang katak ular snail eagle siput helang Garden Taman
  • 60. MikroorganismaOne day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is“microorganisms”. He doesn‟t understand what it is and he ask his motherimmediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia ternampak satuperkataan. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepadaibunya.)Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? ( Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma? )Mother : Microorganisms are tiny living things that can only be seen through a microscope. There are four types of microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.)Ali : What are they? ( Apa itu? )Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.)Ali : What is that picture, mother? ( Gambar apa tu, ibu? )Mother : It is bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. ( Itu ialah bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna. )Ali : That picture is…… ( Gambar itu……)Mother : It is protozoa. It is found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. ( Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai. )Ali : That must be fungi. Isn‟t it,mother? ( Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu? )Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many times on mouldy bread, rotten food and trees. ( Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang busuk dan pokok-pokok..)
  • 61. Ali : And this picture, mother? ( Dan gambar ini, ibu? )Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. ( Itu ialah virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling halus. )Ali : Wow, that‟s interesting. Tell me more, mother. ( Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu. )Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since a microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. ( Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.)Ali : Thank you, mother. ( Terima kasih, ibu .)
  • 62. Making tempe Making tapai Membuat tempe Membuat tapai USEFULNESS KEBAIKAN Making yogurt Membuat yogurtMaking cheese Membuat keju Producing antibiotics Making fertilizer Menghasilkan antibiotic Membuat baja THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Food poisoning Flu Keracunan makanan Selesema HARMFUL EFFECTS Mumps Keburukan Beguk Measles Demam Cacar Chicken pox Conjunctivitis Demam Campak Sakit mata
  • 63. ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN Frog Bird Katak Penguin Burung Penguin We take care of our eggs Kami menjaga telur kami Snake Ular Sea horse Kuda laut Cockroach Crocodile Lipas Buaya Dolphin Ikan lumba-lumba Elephant Bat GajahKelawar Kangaroo Kanggaru Cow LembuTiger We take care of our youngsHarimau Kami menjaga anak kami
  • 64. AGENT EXAMPLE CHARACTERISTICSAGEN CONTOH CIRI-CIRI Lotus Teratai We are dispersed by water because we are light, covered with a waxy skin, waterproof, have air spaces Coconut and have spongy Kelapa receptacles. Pong-pong Kami dipencarkan melalui air kerana kami ringan, diselaputi Pong-pong dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan.WATER AIR Shorea Meranti We are dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like Lallang structure, have hairs and Lallang fine hairs. Therefore we are easily carried by wind. Kami dipencarkan melalui angin kerana kami kecil, ringan, kering, mempunyai struktur seperti Angsana sayap, ada bulu yang halus. Sebab itu kami senang dibawa Angsana oleh angin. Cotton Kapas WIND ANGIN
  • 65. Mango We dispersed by animal Mangga because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and have smells. Our seed is also hard. Watermelon Tembikai Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan kerana kami mempunyaiANIMAL warna yang terang, berisi, boleh dimakan danHAIWAN mempunyai bau. Biji benih kami juga keras. Mimosa Semalu We are also dispersed by animal because have hooks that can be attached to animals. Lovegrass Kemucup Kami juga dipencarkan oelah haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang boleh melekat kepada haiwan Flame of forest We dispersed by explosive Semarak api mechanism because we dry up when we ripe and burst to push the seeds out from Balsam the fruits. Keembung Kami dipencarkan melalui mekanisma letupan kerana buah kami menjadi kering apabila masak ranum dan seterusnya meletup dan biji Okra benih kami terpelanting keluar. Bendi Rubber seed Biji getah
  • 66. FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN deer herbivores rabbits carnivores rusa herbivor arnab karnivor bottom trees sun grass chain bawah pokok matahari rumput rantaiPlants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energyfrom the sun.Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapattenaga daripada matahari.Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are calledherbivores, which means plant eaters. There are more herbivores on our planet thancarnivores, which are animals that eat meat.Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenalisebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud „makan tumbuhan.‟ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaituhaiwan yang makan daging di planet kita predators hunt prey top lions pemangsa memburu mangsa atas singaPredators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animalsthat hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are bothpredator and prey.Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalahhaiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwanadalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa. connected energy web more berhubung tenaga jaringan lebihMost animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains areconnected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how thesuns energy moves to plants and from plants to animals .Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanandihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringanmakanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan danseterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan.
  • 67. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 5
  • 68. 1.1 Understanding the uses of energy Menyedari kegunaan tenaga INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Menyiasat Daya dan TenagaTo construct food - for living things to carry - to move, to boil, to melt, out life processes. Why energy or to bounce non-living things Ex : moving, breathing, is needed? growing Mengapa tenaga - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau melantun benda bukan hidup - bergerak,bernafas diperlukan membesarIllness Sun Matahari ENERGY The Uses of Energy TENAGA Kegunaan Tenaga -main source of energy sumber utama tenaga - produces light and heat menghasilkan cahaya dan haba Water The Sources of Energy air Importance Food- moving or makanan falling water produces energy Batteries Bateri Fuel Wind-Air yang Bahan Angin -food contains bergerak api stored energy menghasilkan -mengadungi tenaga tenaga tersimpan - Device that generated -wood, coal, electrical energy from petroleum, - Moving air chemical energy natural gas Udara bergerak -Alat yang menghasilkan -Kayu,arang - Used to pump tenaga elektrik daripada batu, petrol,gas water tenaga kimia asli
  • 69. 1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang lain Light energy Electrical energy Kinetic energy Tenaga Cahaya Tenaga Elektrik Tenaga Kinetik Heat energy Chemical energy Tenaga Haba Tenaga Kimia Form of energy Bentuk Tenaga Sound energy Potential energy Tenaga bunyi Tenaga Keupayaan Energy can be transformed from one form to another Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain. Energy can be transformed Example of appliance that make use of Tenaga boleh diubahkan energy transformation. Contoh alatan yang menggunakan perubahan tenagaa) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilinChemical energy heat energy + light energyTenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahayab) Kicking a ball / Menendang bolaChemical energy kinetic energy heat energyTenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba b) Radio Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya
  • 70. 1.3 Understanding renewable and non renewable energy Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Energy that Resources -natural Energy that be Resources – cannot gas,petroleum,coal replenished when it is solar, wind ,biomass be replaced Sumber – gas asli, used up fuel,water Tenaga yang petroleum, arang. Tenaga yang boleh diganti Sumber- Matahari, tidak angin,minyak,air, boleh diganti biomass Renewable energy Non-renewable energy Tenaga yang boleh Tenaga yang tidak boleh diperbaharui diperbaharui Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Some energy Use energy wisely resources cannot be How to save energy Gunakan tenaga replenished Bagaimana menjimatkan dengan bijak tenaga when used up. Sesetengah sumber tenaga tidak boleh diganti bila habis Switch off theAvoid wastage lights if Mengelakkan Reduce pollution Turn off the not in use. pembaziran Mengurangkan television when no Tutup lampu jika tidak pencemaran. one is watching it. mengunakannya. Tutup TV jika tidak menonton. Save cost Menjimatkan kos
  • 71. 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity Mengetahui sumber elektrik Sources Sumber Dry cell Accumulator Sel Kering Sel Basah Dynamo Solar cell Dinamo Tenaga Solar
  • 72. 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari Type of circuit Jenis litar Parallel circuit Series circuit Symbol and component litar selari litar bersiri Simbol dan komponen Name Symbol Nama Simbol Dry cell Differences Sel Kering Perbezaan Connecting wire Wayar penyambung The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then the bulb in the series circuit Switch / Suis Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada mentol dalam litar bersiri Bulb / Mentol
  • 73. 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electrical appliances Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan peralatan elektrik Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik Precautions Langkah keselamatan Fire Burn Api Bakar Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances Electric shock Electrocution Langkah-langkah Kejutan elektrik Renjatan elektrik keselamatan ketika mengunakan peralatan Do not touch electrical appliances with wet hand Jangan sentuh alatan elektrik dengan tangan basah Do not repair electrical appliances on your own Jangan baiki alatan elektrik jika tidak tahu.
  • 74. 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Light Cahaya Travels in straight line How shadow is formed Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Bagaimana bayang-bayang terbentuk When light is completely or partially blocked by an prove opaque object bukti Bila cahaya disekat sepenuhnya atau separuh oleh objek legap search light from helicopter Opaque object cahaya dari helikopter pencari Objek legap the beam of light from motorcycle alur cahaya dari motosikal Light Cahaya the beam of light from lighthouse Shadow form alur cahaya dari rumah api Objek terbentuk the ray of Sun,passing through a hole in the roof alur cahaya Matahari melalui lubang atap rumah
  • 75. 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan Light Cahaya Uses of reflection Can be reflected Kegunaan pantulan Boleh dipantulkan How ? Bagaimana? Periscope Kaleidoscope Side mirror of a car The light that falls on Cermin sisi kereta objects „bounces off‟ the objects and comes to your eyes Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas objek melantunkannya ke dalam mata mirror/ cermin
  • 76. 4.1 Understanding that temperature as an indicator of degree of hotness. Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan Gain Warmer bertambah panas Heat haba Loss Cooler berkurang Sejuk The effects of heat on matter Kesan haba ke atas bahan How to measure temperature using the correct technique Bagaimana untuk mengukur suhu menggunakan cara yang betul Matter expands Matter contract when heated when cooled Bahan mengembang Bahan mengecut bila bila dipanaskan sejuk thermometer termometer
  • 77. SOURCES OF ENERGY PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOODMatahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan FORMS OF ENERGY BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA Chemical energy light energy + heat energy Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba Electrical energy light energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi Electrical energy kinetic energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetik
  • 78. ELECTRICITY ELEKTRIK SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIKDRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRICSel kering Sel Basah Dinamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik SERIES CIRCUIT PARALLEL CIRCUIT LITAR SESIRI LITAR SELARI
  • 79. LIGHT CAHAYA ( Song : This old man)Light oh light Cahaya oh cahayaLight travels Cahaya boleh gerakLight travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurusLight travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurusTherefore it can form a shadow Ia membentuk bayangLight oh light Cahaya oh cahayaLight reflects Cahaya boleh pantulLight can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkanLight can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkanCan see image in mirror Boleh lihat di cermin
  • 80. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 5
  • 81. 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas Water Milk Air Wood Air Susu Udara Kayu Liquid Solid Cecair gas Pepejal Stone batuStom Examples Steam Contoh wap Matter Bahan Properties of solid Properties of gas Sifat-sifat pepejal Sifat-sifat gas Properties of liquid Sifat –sifat cecair has mass fixed shape has mass mempunyai bentuk tetap mempunyai berat berat Tiny No fixed volume fixed volume Isipadu tidak isipadu tetap tetap fixed No fixed has mass volume shape mempunyai Tidak isipadu tetap berat mempunyai bentuk tetap no permanent shape bentuk tidak tetap can be compressed boleh dimampatkan
  • 82. 1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain Melting solid – liquid Peleburan Pepejal - cecair Boiling Pendidihan liquid – gas Cecair - gas CHANGING Evaporation STATES OF Penyejatan WATER Perubahan Bentuk Air gas – liquid Condensation Kondensasi gas - cecair liquid – gas Freezing Pembekuan cecair - gas
  • 83. 1.3 Understanding the water cycle Memahami kitaran air The water cycle. Condensation Kitaran air Kondensasi Evaporation PenyejatanImportance of water Formation of clouds Kepentingan air. and rain. Pembentukan awan dan hujan Circulation of water in the environment. Kitaran air dalam persekitaran Changes in the states of matter in the water cycle Perubahan bentuk bahan dalam kitaran air Gas → liquid (Condensation) Gas Cecair ( Kondensasi )Liquid to gas (evaporation) Droplets of water will becomeCecair kepada gas ( Penyejatan ) bigger and heavier → rain Titisan air menjadi besar dan berat hujan
  • 84. 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources Menghargai kepentingan sumber air To prevent aquatic lives from being destroyed and undergoing extinction Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air musnah dan mengalami kepupusan To avoid infections diseases Mengelakkan penyakit berjangkit To regulatethe formation of Reasons to keep ourclouds and rain water resources clean. To ensure the cleanlinessUntuk mengekalkan Sebab untuk mengekalkan of water supply pembentukan sumber air yang bersih Memastikan air yang bersih awan dan hujan dibekalkan Importance of water resources. Kepentingan sumber air Ways to keep our water resources clean Cara mengekalkan sumber air bersih Keep the rivers clean Cleanliness campaign Jadikan sungai besih Kempen kebersihan
  • 85. 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral The properties of acid, alkaline and neutral substances. Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral Identify the taste of acidic and substances using litmus paper. alkaline food. Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan nutral Mengenal pasti rasa makanan yang bahan menggunakan kertas litmus berasid dan berakali Conclution about the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral Changes in colour of substances. Bitter Sour litmus papers Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, alkali Pahit masam Menukarkan warna kertas dan neutral . litmus Properties of Properties ofblue to red neutral substances Properties red to blue alkaline substance biru ke Ciri-ciri alkali Ciri-ciri bahan neutral of acidic merah ke biru merah substance Ciri-ciri asid Acid Alkaline – No changes in litmus asid alkali Taste bitter & paper change red litmus Tidak menukarkan warna paper to blue kertas litmus Rasa pahit dan no change menukarkan tidak Kertas litmus merah berubah kepada biru SkorpioTastesour & change blue litmus paper red neutral Rasa masam dan neutral menukarkan kertas litmus merah
  • 86. STATE OF MATTER KEADAAN BAHAN Solid Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream melts. The melting process changes solid to liquid. Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair.Liquid Abu wants like to drink some cold water. He needs some ice cubes. He put some water in the freezer. Freezing turns liquid to solid. Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal. Ah Seng forgot to drink his iced lemon tea because his mother asked him to go to the shop. When he came back, he saw many water droplets on the glass. Condensation turned gas to liquid. Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi menukarkan gas kepada cecair. Upin‟s mother wants to boil some water. She knows that the water is boiling because it produces steam or water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas. Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim. Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas. Ipin‟s mother hangs clothes on the cloth line. After a while, the cloth dries. This is because the evaporation process occurs. Evaporation turns liquid to gas. Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian.Setelah bebepa jam ,kain itu kering.Proses penyejatan berlaku. Penyejatan menukarkan cecair kepada gas.
  • 87. I am a droplet of water. Saya setitis airOuch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm… cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see, this isa sea…my new place. I came from a river.Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm…sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh, saya tahu, saya dilaut…tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai.Arghh! Hot, very hot…Oh no! I‟m moving up. What is happening??? It is very hot. The sunmakes me very hot. It evaporates me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour.Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas… Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi nih??? Sangat panas.Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan menukarkan saya menjadi wap air.Oh no! I‟m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water droplet. Wow!There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh…it is better now.Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi titisan air. Wow!Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan. Ahh…leganya dah jadi awan.Opss! I‟m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I‟m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down into the riveragain. My home sweet home. Yea!Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan sekarang. Ouch! Sayajatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea!
  • 88. Fill in the missing letters.Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul. C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ C____ E_a___a___n R_v__ S __ _
  • 89. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 5
  • 90. 1.1 Understanding the constellation Memahami buruj Planting Harvesting Musim menanam Musim menuai Desert Sea Padang pasir Laut Indicates Seasons Menunjukkan musim Show Importance of Directions What constellation Constellation Menunjukkan arah Kepentingan buruj is ? Apa itu buruj ? Constellation A group of stars that Buruj form a certain pattern in the sky Scorpion Gugusan bintang-bintang di Kala jengking langit yang membentuk corak tertentu South June - August Selatan Southern Cross Scorpion Pari Identify Constellation Kenal pasti buruj April – Orion South Belantik Selatan June Kite or Cross Big dipper Layang-layang atau Biduk Palang Hunter North Pemburu Utara Water dipper North Gayung Utara December - February
  • 91. 2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Earth rotates Moon rotates The earth rotates on its on its axis on its axis axis from west to east Bumi berputar pada Bulan berputar Bumi berputar pada paksinya pada paksinya Paksinya dari barat ke timur The Moon rotates and at the sameThe Earth rotates The movements time moves aroundand at the same time of the Earth, the Moon the Earthmoves around the and the Sun Bulan berputar dansun Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan pada masaBumi berputar dan pada dan Matahari yang samamasa yang sama beredar mengeliligibergerak mengelilingi Mataharimatahari Cause the changes in The Moon and the Earth length and position of the move round the Sun at the shadow throughout the day same time Perubahan panjang dan Bulan dan Bumi bergerak kedudukan bayang-bayang mengeliligi Matahari pada masa sepanjang hari yang sama
  • 92. 2.2 Understanding the occurrence of day and night Memahami kejadian siang dan malam Night-time Waktu malam the Sun Matahari the Earth Bumi Daytime Waktu siang It is day time for the part It is night time for the part of the of the Earth facing the Sun. Earth not facing the sun Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi Pada waktu malam sebahagian Bumi tidak menghadap Matahari menghadap matahari The occurrence of day and night Kejadian siang dan malam Axis Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya. East West Timur
  • 93. 2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon Memahami fasa bulan Phases Of The Moon Fasa-fasa Bulan The Moon Does Describe the phases of Not Emit Light the moon Bulan tidak Menerangkan fasa-fasa mengeluarkan bulan cahaya The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight Bulan jadi terang akibat pantulan cahaya matahari. 1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon 1- Anak Bulan 3 - Bulan separa baru 5. – Bulan penuh 7- Old half moon Bulan separa lama
  • 94. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 5
  • 95. 1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur Identify shape in structure The shape of objects Mengenal pasti bentuk di dalam Bentuk-bentuk benda struktur Cylinder Silinder Sphere sfera Cube Cuboid Cylinder Kiub Kuboid Silinder Sphere Pyramid Cone Sfera Piramid Kon
  • 96. 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur. Shapes of objects that are stable Bentuk benda yang stabil Strength and Stability Kekuatan dan KestabilanIn a Cube, cone, cylinder food chainthe arrow means Kiub.kon,silinder The factors that affect stability of objects Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan kestabilan objek Height , base area The factors that affect the Ketinggian , luas tapak strength of a structure Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan Bigger base area more stable Semakin luas tapak bertambah kestabilan Types of materials used Smaller base area less stable Steel, iron, wood Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang kestabilan Jenis bahan yang digunakan Keluli, besi, kayu Lower object more stable Semakin rendah objek bertambah kestabilan Higher object less stable Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan
  • 97. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 6
  • 98. 1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary. Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya bersendirian. Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Group animals and solitary animals Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan bersendirian Solitary Group Bersendirian Berkumpulan Tigers, bears Ants, lions Harimau, beruang Semut, singa To avoid competition for food and space For safety and food Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan makanan Untuk keselamatan dan makanan dan ruang
  • 99. 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things. Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup. INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS Interaksi antara benda hidup Competition Persaingan Among animals Among plants Antara haiwan Antara tumbuhan Compete for Compete for Bersaing untuk Bersaing untuk Food Water Mate Water Space Makanan Air Pasangan Air Ruang Shelter Space / Sunlight Mineral Tempat territory Cahaya Mineral perlindungan Ruang / kawasan matahri Type Jenis Intraspecies Interspecies Intraspesis Interpesis Competition between the Competition between the same species different species Persaingan di antara spesis Persaingan di antara spesis yang yang sama berbeza
  • 100. 1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered species. Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam. Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Protecting endangered species Melindungi spesis yang terancam Ways to prevent Cara untuk mencegah Extinct animals Campaign Haiwan pupus Kempen Dinosaurs, Educating the public dodos Mendidik orang awam Dinosour, dodo Enforcing law Kuat kuasa undang- undang Factors Endangered animals Faktor and plants Haiwan dan tumbuhan yang terancam Illegal or excessive logging Pembalakan haram atau berleluasa Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia, pitcher plant Orang utan, harimau, bunga pakma,pokok periuk kera Hunting Pemburuan Development Pembangunan
  • 101. 1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment. Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar. Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Impact of human activities Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia Activities Destructions of the environment Aktiviti Kemusnahan alam sekitar Illegal and excessive Erosion logging Hakisan Pembalakan haram dan berleluasa Landslides Runtuhan Illegal and excessive Flash floods hunting Banjir kilat Pemburuan haram dan berleluasa Water pollution Pencemaran air Improper management of development Air pollution Kelemahan pengurusan Pencemaran udara pembangunan
  • 102. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 6
  • 103. 1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA FORCE Concept A push or a pull Cannot be seen but the DAYA Konsep Tolakan atau tarikan effects can be felt Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi boleh1.2 Understanding the effect of a force dirasa Memahami kesan daya Effects Kesan Changes the shapes of an objectCan move a stationary object Mengubah bentuk objekBoleh gerakkan objek yang pegun An object become flatten, stretched, bent, twisted or squashed Changes the motion of an object Objek menjadi kemek, regang, Mengubah pergerakan objek bengkok,berpintal atau penyek Stops a moving object Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Changes the direction of a moving object Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak Makes an object move faster or slower Membuat objek lebih cepat atau perlahan
  • 104. 1.3 Analysing friction Analisa geseran FRICTION GESERAN Factors that affect frictionEffects of friction Faktor yang mempengaruhi Ways to reduce frictionKesan geseran geseran Cara kurangkan geseran Produces heat Condition of the Use rollers or marbles Hasilkan haba surface Guna penggelek atau guli Keadaan permukaan Opposes motion Berlawanan gerakan Smoothen surfaces Weight of the Permukaan licin Causes wear and tear object Menyebabkan haus dan Berat objek koyak Use oil, wax, grease, talcum powder, air cushion Slows down and stops a Guna minyak, pelicin, moving object Disadvantages gris,bedak wangi, Memperlahankan dan Kekurangan pak udara memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Advantages Kelebihan
  • 105. 2.1 Understanding speed Memahami laju Movement Pergerakkan Speed Calculation of speed Laju Pengiraan Kelajuan How fast an object moves Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula : Rumus Seed = Distance Time Laju = Jarak A faster object travels A faster object takes a shorter time Masa a longer distance in a to travel a given distance given time Objek yang laju mengambil masa yang Objek yang lebih laju singkat untuk melalui jarak yang diberi melalui jarak yang lebih panjang mengikut masa yang diberi Units : ● km/h km/j ● m/s m/s ● cm/s cm/s
  • 106. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 6
  • 107. 1.1 Understanding spoilt food . Memahami kerosakan makanan FOOD PRESERVATION Pengawetan makanan Food spoilt Kerosakan makanan Characteristics of spoilt food The conditions for microorganisms to grow Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Unpleasant smell Air Bau tidak menyenangkan Udara Unpleasant taste Water Rasa tidak menyenangkan Air Change colour Nutrients Berubah warna Zat makanan Changed texture Suitable temperature Berubah jalinan Suhu yang sesuai Mouldy Suitable acidity Berkulat Keadaan asid yang sesuai
  • 108. 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation Mensintesis konsep pengawetan makanan Drying Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Pengeringan Ikan, udang, sotong, buah Boiling Pemanasan Cooling Vegetables, fruits Pendinginan Sayur, buah Pickling Fruits, vegetables Penjerukan Buah, sayur Freezing Chicken, meat, prawns, Penyejukbekuan Ayam, daging, udang, Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan Pasteurising Milk, juices, ice cream Pempausteran Susu, jus, ais krim Smoking Meat, fish Pengasapan Daging, ikan Waxing Vegetables, fruits Pelilinan Sayur, buah Bottling/Canning Meat, fish, fruits, Pembotolan/ vegetables pengetinan Daging, ikan, buah, sayur Salting Fish, meat, eggs, Pengasinan vegetables, fruits Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah Vacuum packing Nuts, crackers, powder milk Pembukusan vakum Kacang, biskut, susu tepung
  • 109. 1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan The importance of preserving food Kepentingan pengawetan makanan To make last longer To reduce food wastage Tahan lebih lama Mengurangkan makanan terbuang To store food easily Makanan lebih mudah disimpan
  • 110. 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Waste Management Pegurusan bahan buangan Types of waste Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal Jenis bahan Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam buangan Sources of waste Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles Sumber bahan Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor buangan • Dispose of waste in the right place Buang bahan buangan di tempat yang betul • Treat waste before disposing it into the drain Proper Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia mengalir Betul keluar • Bury waste that can decay in soil Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh reput dalam tanah • Reuse of recycle waste Ways of Guna semula bahan kitar semula disposing waste Cara buang bahan buangan • Littering Membuang sampah merata-rata • Open burning Improper Pembakaran terbuka Tidak betul • Release of waste into the rivers Melepaskan bahan buangan ke dalam sungai • Release of smoke into the air Melepaskan asap ke udara
  • 111. 2.2 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Can kill fish and water plants Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan laut Merosakkan paru-paru,merengsa mata. Water pollution Air pollution Pencemaran air Pencemaran udara Harmful effects of improper Flash floods disposal of waste Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan diseases Banjir kilat penyakit bahan buangan yang tidak betul Damage property Merosakkan harta Thypoid, dengue fever Acid rain demam denggi benda Hujan asid Can kill plants and erode building Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan menghakis bangunan2.3 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Waste that can Advantage : decay Food, paper, wood Bahan buangan yang To make the soil fertiile Makanan, surat khabar, boleh reput Kelebihan : kayu Untuk menyuburkan tanah Waste that does Disadvantage : not decay Plastics, glass, Gives out poisonous Bahan buangan yang metal gases tidak boleh reput Plastik, gelas, logam Kelemahan : Mengeluarkan gas beracun
  • 112. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 6
  • 113. 1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon Memahami gerhana bulan1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun Memahami gerhana matahari Eclipse Gerhana Eclipse of The Moon Eclipse of The Sun Gerhana bulan Gerhana matahari The Earth is between the Sun and The Moon is between the Sun and the Moon and the three of them lie in the Earth and the three of them lie a straight line. in a straight line. Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan Bulan Bulan berada di antara Matahari dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus yang lurus The Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon Bumi menghalang Sunlight is The Moon‟s Daylight cahaya Matahari blocked by shadow falls becomes daripada sampai ke the Moon on the dark during Bulan Cahaya Earth‟s the total Matahari surface eclipse dihalang oleh Bayang-bayang Hari siang bulan Bulan jatuh ke menjadi gelap atas permukaan menjelang Bumi gerhana penuh
  • 114. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 6
  • 115. 1.1 Understanding simple machines Memahami mesin ringkas MACHINES Mesin Wedge To cut or separate objects Baji Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek Screw To fix two objects together Skru Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama Gear To move objects easily Gear Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah Simple Pulley To carry or to lift objects to higher place machines Takal Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke tempat Mesin ringkas tinggi Inclined plane To lift heavy objects easier Satah condong Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah condong Lever To carry or move heavy objects easily Tuas Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah Wheel and axle To carry or move heavy objects easily Roda dan gandar Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah
  • 116. 1.2 Analysing a complex machines Analisa mesin yang kompleks Complex Made up of more than e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of Machine one simple machine scissors, fishing rod Mesin Terdiri lebih dari satu Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting, kompleks mesin ringkas rod pancing1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang To carry, move or lift heavy things more easily Crane, lift Untuk membawa atau Kren, lif mengangkat benda dengan mudah To travel from one place to another Aeroplane, bus Machine Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat yang Kapal terbang, bas make lain life easier Mesin membuat kehidupan lebih mudah To make work faster Tractor Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat Trektar To make communication with people faster and easier Computer, satelite Untuk berkomunikasi dengan Komputer, satelit manusia lebih cepat dan mudah To treat diseases Dialysis machine Untuk mengesan penyakit Mesin dialisis