Indonesia Ren Oct 2009

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Development of Indonesia Research Education Network on Institut Teknologi Bandung (1995 - 2009)

Development of Indonesia Research Education Network on Institut Teknologi Bandung (1995 - 2009)

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  • 1. Managing ITB Campus and Indonesia Research Education Network
    Affan Basalamah
  • 2. Who am I
    Affan Basalamah
    EL-ITB ‘96
    IT Infrastructure Manager
    Institut Teknologi Bandung (www.itb.ac.id)
    http://twitter.com/affanzbasalamah
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. I will tell you about…
    Story of ITB network in the past 13 years
    What parts that ITB played in development of Indonesia’s Research & Education Network
  • 7. Presentation Outline
    Amateur Packet Radio Network
    AI3 Internet & Interconnection
    ITB Campus Backbone
    SOI-ASIA
    TEIN3 Interconnection
    INHERENT
    Network Monitoring
    ITB Datacenter
  • 8. Timeline
  • 9. Amateur Packet Radio Network
    First practical introduction on TCP/IP
    TCP/IP over AX.25 (Amateur X.25)
    Software: KA9Q NOS on PC-DOS
    Modem: 1200 bps AFSK on VHF radio
    Modem: 300 bps PSK on HF radio
    Can be used to send email 
    Precursor to GPRS in your phone 
  • 10. SWR Meter
    Linux PC w/ AX.25 Kernel
    HF SSB Radio 7.033 MHz
    PSK Modem
    300 bps
  • 11. VHF FM Radio Transceiver 144.16 MHz
    PC DOS w/ KA9Q Software
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. AI3 Network
    Asian Internet Interconnection Initiatives
    Collaboration with WIDE Project from Keio University, Japan in 1996
    First high-speed Internet connection
    2 Mbps Satellite link
    28 kbps dial-up modem before that
  • 15.
  • 16. Onno W. Purbo
  • 17.
  • 18. Ku-Band Groundstation
    C-Band Groundstation
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Interconnecting Indonesia
    2 Mbps Internet connection via AI3
    11 Mbps WaveLAN to Bandung Org/Univ
    Before 802.11b becomes IEEE standards
    64 kbps VSAT to Univ outside Bandung
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. Technology
    Low-cost PC router instead expensive Cisco
    Old router:
    10 Mbps Ethernet NIC on ISA card
    WaveLAN card on PCMCIA-to-ISA card
    FreeBSD OS since version 2.1.5
    Routing software: GateD
    Current:
    Mikrotik OS
    FreeBSD PC with Quagga Routing Software
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28. ITB Campus Backbone
    10 Mbps Ethernet
    Intra-building with RG-58 thin coax cable
    Inter-building with RG-8 thick coax cable
    Yellow cable
    AUI Transceiver is costly and vulnerable to electrical induction
  • 29.
  • 30. AUI Transceiver for 10 Mbps Ethernet
  • 31. ITB Backbone Campus 2001
    Inter-building 1000 Mbps Ethernet
    Four Cisco Catalyst 6500 as core switch
    Cisco Catalyst 3500 as access switch
    Benefit:
    Way faster!
    Less susceptible to electrical induction
  • 32.
  • 33. Cisco Catalyst 6500
    Fiber Optics Patch Panel
  • 34. Fiber optics patch panel 2009
  • 35.
  • 36. IP Routing
    IPv4 Address Block: 167.205.0.0/16
    IPv6 Address Block: 2403:8000::/32
    AS Number: 4796 for BGP Peering
    OSPF Routing for Internal
  • 37. Network Rack 2009
    IPv4 Internet Router
    IPv6 Internet Gateway
    Firewall
  • 38. IPv4 BGP Peering
    2009
  • 39. SOI-ASIA
    School of Internet – ASIA
    Development of E-learning and collaboration via video conference
    Begin in 2001
    Satellite Infrastructure
    Later using TEIN Infrastructure
  • 40.
  • 41. 2001 - now
  • 42. ITB Site
    Japan Prime Minister!
    2003
  • 43. TEIN
    Trans-Eurasia Interconnection Network
    Funded by European Commission (EC)
    45 Mbps Link in 2006 – 2009 (TEIN2)
    155 Mbps in 2009 (TEIN3)
    Connecting Asia & Europe REN (Research Education Network)
    Also connect to USA & Australia
  • 44.
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48. Possible Paths
  • 49.
  • 50. TEIN3 PoP
    Hong Kong PoP (completed on 18 Jan 2009)
    • Singapore PoP (completed on 04 Feb 2009)
  • 155 Mbps
    STM-1 Circuit
  • 51. 155 Mbps
    STM-1 Circuit
  • 52. INHERENT
    Indonesia Higher Education Research Network, Commissioned in 2006
    Connecting 120 Univ total
    32 Public univ in each province as Localnode
    Sublocal node connect to Localnode
    Telecom Vendor:
    PT Telkom (2006-2009)
    LintasArta & Indosat (2009-now)
  • 53.
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56.
  • 57. Ethernet over MPLS Cable
  • 58. Provider CE 2009 to now
    Ethernet over MPLS CE
  • 59.
  • 60.
  • 61. Network Monitoring
    Managing network resources is difficult!
    Link Bandwidth Monitoring
    Cacti via SNMP
    Service Availability Monitoring
    Nagios
    Represent the link in a map
    Network Weathermap
  • 62.
  • 63.
  • 64.
  • 65.
  • 66.
  • 67. PAU Datacenter
    Server room in PAU Building
    Home of the “Penjaga Cumi”
    Homebrew router, server and rack
    Later migrated to high performance server
    Also used server rack
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 70. ITB Web Cache aka. Penjaga Cumi
  • 71. ITB Web Cache aka. Penjaga Cumi
  • 72. AI3 Datacenter
    Server room in PAU Building
    Interconnection network room
    Homebrew router, server and rack
    Later migrated to high performance server
    Also used server rack
  • 73.
  • 74. 2006
  • 75.
  • 76.
  • 77.
  • 78. In the future, I hope…
    INHERENT and TEIN3 will allow worldwide collaboration to Indonesia’s research & education institution
  • 79. Summary
    How ITB network grow and developed in the past 13 years
    ITB played very important role in development of Indonesia’s Research & Education Network
  • 80. References
    http://www.itb.ac.id
    http://www.soi.asia
    http://www.ai3.net
    http://www.tein3.net
    http://noc.inherent-dikti.net
  • 81. Thanks!