Feighery NCDP presentation


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Feighery NCDP presentation

  1. 1. Crisis mapping for disaster response:from the Haiti earthquake to Sandy A presentation by Annie Feighery, EdM, MPA Candidate, EdD Teachers College, Columbia University @AnnieFeighery annie@mWater.Co
  2. 2. The validity of crisis mapping depends on positive reinforcement mechanisms within the systemThe value of crisis mapping as a rapid assessment tool Diffusion of innovations curve within the UN regarding crisis mapping Sandy
  3. 3. Background• January12, 2010: 7.0 magnitude earthquake west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti•3 million people affected: 316,000 deaths, another million left homeless• Severe infrastructure damage: hospitals, airport, government and UN buildings• Watershed moment for crowdsourced disaster response
  4. 4. Source: noula.ht
  5. 5. Source: Mission4636
  6. 6. click
  7. 7. Methods of analysis• Qualitative interviews: key informants representing both Ushahidi and multilateral agencies• Google analytics: geocoding IPs• Wordle: visual representation of key words and mood• Social network analysis: bonding vs bridging vs linking• Text mining: parsed database of reports
  8. 8. Top hits by country over time (January-April) Source: Google Analytics (Haiti.Ushahidi.org)
  9. 9. n=3600 messages, source: Ushahidi database
  10. 10. Geotime graph of all coded SMS messages over time
  11. 11. Geotime graph of messages coded collapsed infrastructure (blue) and food and shelter needs (green) over time
  12. 12. Cluster response PDNA SMS mapped messages
  13. 13. n=3600 messages, source: Ushahidi database ~40,000 SMS messages originally received
  14. 14. Help-seeking Degree of Ties type behavior similarity Informal Bonding Strong ties forms of Homophilous support Formal Bridging Weak ties forms of Heterophilous supportGranovetter, M. (1983). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1(1), 201-233.Lin, N. (2002). Social capital: A theory of social structure and action. Cambridge Univ Pr.
  15. 15. a.#Earthquake# vic0ms# n=24# b.#Earthquake# b.#Relief#vic0m#inside#Hai0# organiza0ons# n=906# n=875# c.#Public#outside#of# Hai0## n=7#
  16. 16. a.#Earthquake# vic2ms# n=39# c.#Relief#Responder# b.#Relief#from#tradi2onal#NGO# organiza2ons# n=368# n=310# c.#Public#outside#of# Hai2## n=17#
  17. 17. Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations. Free Press.
  18. 18. Diffusion Curve, adapted from Rogers (2002)
  19. 19. Crisis mapping Sandy• Sense making/situational awareness• Social network-based information• Hashtag crisis• Handheld-friendly tools• Liability protection• Tweet studies• Dave from Hoboken
  20. 20. NYC.gov• Rachel Sterne Haot, CDO• Twitter donated promoted tweets: ‣ 2k over 2 weeks• Total social digital reach as of 11/9: 2,785,806• Corrected bad reports, guided remarks• Transportation needs dominated convo
  21. 21. ANY QUESTIONS? Annie Feighery twitter: @AnnieFeighery www.participatoryepi.posterous.com www.mWater.Co
  22. 22. extra slides
  23. 23. SNA Codes • 3.Topic  of  message1.  Location  of  sender a.  Looking  for  missing  person a.   Within  Haiti b.  Report  of  individual  needed  medical   b.  Outside  of  Haiti assistance2.  Type  of  sender c.   Need  for  supplies a.   General  public  outside  of  Haiti d.  Report  of  infrastructure,  i.e.,  road  damage b.  Earthquake  victim  inside  Haiti e.  Report  of  available  supplies c.  Relief  Responder  from  traditional  NGO f.   General  thoughts  or  prayers  offered 4.  Intended  recipient  of  message d.  Crowdsourced  relief  responder a.  Earthquake  victims   b.  Relief  organizations c.   Public  outside  of  Haiti
  24. 24. Interview Results• There was an inability to use the information gathered to directly interact with the Haitians who provided it.• UN and other official entities were reticent to use the information gathered because: a) they distrusted the validity of the sources, and b) they were too overtasked with their traditional evaluation protocol to subsume additional monitoring of social media.• The discord that marked the initial stages of relief in
  25. 25. Bonding Bridging borrow a cup of milk go buy milk at the bodegaask a neighbor to watch ask a neighbor for the your child phone number of their babysitter apply for Welfare ask to borrow money assistance
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