Communities of practice are defined by their enterprise, mutuality of purpose and repertoire. To allow newcomers in, organisations need to develop boundary practices. Wenger argues that boundary communities may be necessary in some case.
All communities revolve around modes of belonging engagement > create activities imagination > allow for reflection alignment > mutual process of understanding
Being a broker (a Year 1 tutor)
Most challenging aspects = supporting a change of self-identity. Will give an example through a critical perspective on learning
Creating a learning culture with first-year undergraduates
Creating a learning culture
with first-year undergraduates
17 June 2014
What is a ‘learning culture’?
A culture of learning is an
environment that supports and
encourages the collective
discovery, sharing, and application
of knowledge... and helps the
organization continually improve,
achieve goals, and attain new
possibilities. (Gill 2010)
Components of a learning culture
• Formal practices, policies,
• Informal practices and
• Beliefs, values, attitudes
Metaphors for learning
• Within mind
• Shared objects
Paavola & Hakkarainen 2005
Paavola et al. 2011
Academic Literacies perspective
• Power and identity
Mirra66 - http://flickeflu.com/set/72157628684135571
Lea & Street 1998
Goodfellow & Lea 2007
Educator as ‘broker’
• Mediate the discipline (Dysthe 2002)
• Attend to social dimensions of learning
• Help learners to learn
• Contribute to the course culture
• Implement institutional frameworks
• Understand wider benchmarks
(e.g. HEA, QAA)
• Beetham, H. & Sharpe, R. (2007) Rethinking Pedagogy for a Digital Age: Designing and Delivering E-
learning London: Routledge.
• Dysthe, O. (2002) Professors as mediators of academic text cultures: an interview study with
advisors and Master’s degree students in three disciplines in a Norwegian university. Written
Communication, 19 (4), 493-544
• Gill, S. J. (2010) Developing a Learning Culture in Nonprofit Organizations. London: Sage
• Goodfellow, R. & Lea, M. R. (2007) Challenging E-Learning in the University: A Literacies
Perspective. Buckingham: Open University Press.
• Hakkarainen, K. & Paavola, S. (2007 ) From monological and dialogical to trialogical approaches to
learning. IN Schwarz, B. & Tiberghien, A. (Eds.) Guided Construction of Knowledge in Classrooms: An
International Workshop, Jerusalem, IL.
• Lea, M. R. & Street, B. V. (1998) Student writing in Higher Education: an Academic Literacies
approach. Studies in Higher Education, 23 (2), 157-172.
• Paavola, S. & Hakkarainen, K. (2005) The knowledge creation metaphor – an emergent
epistemological approach to learning. Science & Education, 14 (6), 535-557.
• Sfard, A. (1998). On two metaphors for learning and the dangers of choosing just one. Education
Researcher, 27(2), 4-13
• Sharpe, R., Benfield, G. & Francis, R. (2006) Implementing a university e-learning strategy: levers for
change within academic schools. Research in Learning Technology, 14 (2), 135-151.
• Wenger, E. (2000) Communities of practice and social learning systems. Organization, 7 (2), 225-