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  • Industry in the North
  • Industry in the North By: Michael DeStefano, Jameson Hensen, and Ryan Dearie Main Idea: As the northern economy grew, newinventions and faster transportation changed the way goods were manufactured and shipped
  • Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents*New Inventions*Farm Machines*The Telegraph*The First Railroads*Early Difficulties*A Railroad Boom*Yankee Clippers*The Northern Economy Expands*Quiz*Quiz (Continued)*Homework
  • New Inventions
  • New Inventions A barrage of new inventions were brought to thenorth in the 1800s.Visitors from of other countrieseven exclaimed that their is not a northern laborer hasnot invented a tool or machine. A man named EliasHowe invented the sewing machine in 1846. IsaacSinger made improvement on Howe’s sewing machineonly a few years later. After sewing machines were ableto be purchased by clothing makers, the shirt makingprocessed became quicker and more efficient.
  • Farm Machines
  • Farm Machines In 1825, the manufacturing of an iron plow with interchangeableparts began by the inventor Jethro Wood. Later, John Deere improvedon the plow when he added a lightweight steel plow, instead ofheavyweight plows that had to be tugged with slow-moving oxen.Inventions such as these made work for farmers much easier. Onemachine known as the McCormick’s Reaper mowed wheat and othercrops to reduce manual labor. This horse-drawn machine could do thework of five people using hand tools. Other farming machines such as the mechanical drill, a threshingmachine, and a horse-drawn hay rake helped farmers use fewer handsto raise grain. Therefore, farmworkers traveled west to settle their ownfarms or traveled north to find jobs in factory cities.
  • The Telegraph
  • The Telegraph The telegraph1, also known as the “talking wire”, sent a code, which wasmade up of dashes, dots, and spaces. This code, called Morse Code, wasnamed after Samuel F.B. Morse, for whom received a patent for this newinvention. Morse set up a wire on May 24th, 1844, from the Supreme CourtChamber in Washington D.C. to Baltimore, to try this new invention. Hetyped in a short message and received one back from the operator inBaltimore in just a few seconds. This task was successful with the help ofCongress, who gave funds to pay for the expenses. The telegraph was an instant success helping news and information ontrade to travel quicker, also helping businesses to thrive. Soon telegraphcompanies sprang up across the nation. Thousands of miles of wire spreadacross the United States. 1. Telegraph- A device that sent electrical signals along a wire.
  • The First Railroads
  • The First Railroads First built in the early 1800s, railroads were used toprovide transportation to canals. Railroads soon becamemore practical, and were slowly used for more advancedtransportation. Railroads that originally used animals to pulltheir cars, became steam-powered locomotive2. Thissteam-powered engine was known as the Rocket, and hadthe ability to travel 30 miles per hour. 2. Locomotive - engine that pulls a railroad train
  • Early Difficulties
  • Early Difficulties At first there was difficulties, for not all Americans favored theidea of new railroads. People who worked the wagons on the oldtrains and people who invest in canals thought it was competitionfor losing their investments. Also, they were not always safebecause of the risk of breaking down. They were also fire hazardsbecause of the burning embers that the smokestacks produced.Accidents were often caused by weak grounds that trains traveledon, and sometimes only one track was set, calling for many head oncollisions.
  • A Railroad Boom
  • A Railroad Boom Slowly, improvements were made that made the use ofrailroads faster and much safer. Sturdier bridges and morereliable, solid road beds were created by engineers. Iron railsbegan to replace the jobs done by wooden rails, and nearly allproblems and obstacles were removed by railroad builders.Railroads were present all over the country by the 1850s.Major railroad centers sprang up including New York,Cincinnati, and Chicago. These major lines and cities werefound primarily in the North and West. The south region ofthe U.S. had much less tracks than the other areas.
  • Yankee Clippers
  • Yankee Clippers As the railroad population increased in the United States, so did commerce,both within the states and between other nations. In the Northeast seaports,captains loaded their ships and sailed all over the world. An element importantto sea trade was speed. One man, John Griffiths, even launched one of theclipper ships3 , the Rainbow in 1845, which was built for clipping swiftly acrossthe seas. Clipper ships such as the Rainbow, broke every speed-related recordin the 1840s. One clipper only took 81 days to make a trip from New York toChina that usually took 5 months. Overall, the clipper’s speed helped the U.S.win a gigantic part of the world’s sea-trade from the 1840s to the 1850s. The golden age of the clipper ships did not last long though. Iron ships cameto be in Britain later in the 1800s.These vessels carried more goods and glidedover the ocean even faster than American clippers. Still, yankee clippersrevolutionized over sea-trading throughout the world. 3. Clipper Ships- sleek vessels that had tall masts and huge sails that caught every gust of wind to clip swiftly through the water.
  • The Northern Economy Expands
  • The Northern Economy Expands Another industrial expansion in America at the time was the use of steam powerinstead of water power. Factory machines that ran on steam were very powerful, andcheaper to run. Plus, with the use of steam power, factories did not always have to bebuilt along smooth rivers.They could be put virtually anywhere! In addition, newermachinery gave the Americans the chance to produce more goods for a price lowerthan normal.This changed life in many homes as families began to but factory madeclothes instead of making them. Railroads were also beneficial because factory owners were able to deliver largesums of raw materials and finished products fast, easy, and cheap. Also, these trackslinked factories and cities with other distant areas.These areas became home toseveral new markets for factory goods. Railroad growth even affected farming in theNorth. Railroads brought cheap goods to New England from the Western states. Also,farmers in New England were unable to compete with the new food source. As aresult, these farmers left their homes to work in factories, stores, and even boats.
  • Quiz
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York2) Cincinnati
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York2) Cincinnati3) Chicago
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York2) Cincinnati3) Chicago
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York2) Cincinnati3) Chicago5. What was the key to a successful sea trade?
  • Quiz1. Who patented the sewing machine, and who improved in his/her idea?Elias Howe patented the sewing machine, and Isaac Singer improved on the idea.2. The telegraph was also known as the _______?This device was also known as the “talking wire”.3. Name three difficulties and hazards of the first railroads.1) Workers who moved freight on horse-drawn wagons had the fear of losing their jobs.2) Investors in canals worried railroad competition might cause loss of investments.3) Soft roadbeds and weak bridges led to accidents.4) Locomotives broke down5) Smokestacks could go on fire.6) Sometimes, one way tracks would lead to collisions.4. Name two cities in which major lines were concentrated.1) New York2) Cincinnati3) Chicago5. What was the key to a successful sea trade?The vital key to successful sea trading was speed.
  • Quiz (Continued)
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.7. By the 1830s, factories used _____ power instead of water power.
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.7. By the 1830s, factories used _____ power instead of water power.Factories began using steam power.
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.7. By the 1830s, factories used _____ power instead of water power.Factories began using steam power.
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.7. By the 1830s, factories used _____ power instead of water power.Factories began using steam power.8. How did the growth of railroads effect northern farming?
  • Quiz (Continued)6. Who launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships?John Griffiths launched the Rainbow, the first of the clipper ships.7. By the 1830s, factories used _____ power instead of water power.Factories began using steam power.8. How did the growth of railroads effect northern farming?New England farmers could not compete with the new source of cheapfoods, so many people left their farms to obtain new jobs as factoryworkers, store workers, and jobs on boats.
  • Homework
  • Homework Read Pages 408 - 411 Do questions 1-5 On page 411