The Glorious Revolution(Revolution of 1688/ War of the EnglishSuccession/ Bloodless Revolution)ParticipantsEnglish, Welsh andScottish societyLocation British IslesDate 1688–1689
English civil war (1642-1651): First idea of agorverment with limits. James I (ends in 1625) and Charles I (ends in 1649)wanted to import Louis XIV´s absolutism. Charles II (1661-1685): The Restoration "a divinelyordained miracle”. The sudden and unexpecteddeliverance from usurpation and tyranny wasinterpreted as a restoration of the natural and divineorder.
As there was not legitimateheir to the throne of CharlesII´s marriage with thePortuguese Catharine ofBragança, his brother JamesII succeeded him to thethrone.
Causes (1687 )April 14/4 James issues his first EnglishDeclaration of Indulgence, suspendingthe penal laws in matters ecclesiasticalin England.•In Scotland the Indulgence stated thatsubjects were to obey the Kings "sovereignauthority, prerogative royal, and absolutepower" “without reserve”•in England it did not allow:The liberty of conscience (Religion).The parlamentarian´s laws .October/November During these months rumors begin tocirculate to the effect that James’s wife,Queen Mary of Modena, is pregnant.
On 30 June 1688, a group of seven protestant nobles invited the Prince ofOrange to come to England with his army.Revolution image.pdf
The Earl of Danby:Thomas Osborne,1st Duke of LeedsCharles Talbot, 1stDuke of ShrewsburyCavendish, 1st Dukeof DevonshireHenryCompton, Bishop ofLondonEdward Rusell: 1st Earlof OrfordHenry Sydney:1stEarl of RomneyThe viscount LumleyRichardLumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough
April 21/11 Coronation of William and Mary.April28/18 Jeffreys dies a prisoner in the Tower.May 17/7 England declares war on France.June 3/May 24 William approves the Toleration Act,September 2/Aug. 23 John Locke’s Two Treatises on Governmentis licensed to be printed.December 26/16 William approves the English Bill ofRights of 1689, Seven weeks later, on Feb.16/6 1690/1689, William dissolves the ConventionParliament.
• English monarch cannot govern without Parliamentsconsent to prevent the England from absolutism.