2.9.link

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  • (Zinger & Cohen, 2010)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Church, 2009)
  • (Glover-Graf, Miller, & Freeman, 2010)
  • (Summerlot, Geen, & Parker, 2009)
  • (Glover-Graf, Miller, & Freeman, 2010)
  • (Ackerman, DiRamio, & Garza Mitchell, 2009)
  • (Glover-Gras, Miller, & Freeman, 2010)
  • (Zinger & Cohen, 2010)
  • 2.9.link

    1. 1. Barbara Link The College of Southern Maryland AFACCT ’14 Conference Prince George’s Community College Session 2.9. January 9, 2014 Understanding Issues Confronting Our Veteran Students
    2. 2. Facts  92% were exposed to a traumatic combat experience, such as being ambushed  95% were shot at  94.5% had to search for dead bodies  86.5% know someone who was seriously injured or killed  Symptoms of PTSD worsen over time, leading some veterans to drug or alcohol abuse, homelessness, suicide,
    3. 3. Facts  Three major types of injuries: ◦ Physical injuries (amputations, burns, orthopedic injuries) ◦ TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) ◦ (PTSD) Operational stress injuries and mental health injuries  Suicide rate among Iraq/Afghan War veterans is going up and may soon be higher than battlefield deaths.
    4. 4. Facts  30% of the veteran population has been diagnosed with PTSD as opposed to 3% of the general population  20% have spinal cord injuries  18% experienced serious wounds  6% suffered amputation – more than in the Vietnam War
    5. 5. Specific symptoms  From witnessing violence and death: ◦ Increased anger and aggression ◦ Anxiety ◦ Sleep disorders ◦ PTSD  Income disparity  Unemployment  Relationship issues  Aggressive behavior
    6. 6. General issues  What educators may see: ◦ Unpredicted attendance due to pain or other symptoms ◦ Scheduled absences due to VA appointments ◦ Medication-impaired performance in class
    7. 7. TBI  Blasts actually alter cells’ metabolism and result in cell death  Injury may be invisible to the eye  Pressure wave from blast may impact ears, lungs, brain, and spine  Approx. 43% of returning vets have been examined for TBI
    8. 8. Strategies for working with veterans with TBI  Coaching  Scheduling  Strategies including alarm clocks  Planners  Pagers  Scheduled breaks to prevent fatigue  Checklists  Memory aids, such as tape records and supportive phone calls  Adaptive technologies  Mentoring  Peer support
    9. 9. Important aids for veterans with TBI  Self-pacing  Gradual adjustment to college life  Family support  Small successes that can lay the groundwork for confidence and bigger successes (scaffolding).
    10. 10. PTSD  Person has experienced or witnessed events that involved: ◦ Death ◦ Serious injury to self to others  AND, the response included: ◦ Intense fear ◦ Helplessness ◦ Horror
    11. 11. PTSD  Experience is relived through ◦ Dreams ◦ Feelings ◦ Recurring thoughts  Efforts to avoid the trauma, include: ◦ Feelings of detachment ◦ Sense of shortened future ◦ Avoiding people, places, activities that recall the event
    12. 12. PTSD  Problems caused by PTSD: ◦ Suicidal thoughts ◦ Issues with trust ◦ Difficulty developing relationships (e.g., social relationships, marital difficulties) ◦ Unemployment ◦ Divorce ◦ Depression ◦ Domestic violence
    13. 13. PTSD ◦ Problems with cognitive skills ◦ Difficulty coping under pressure ◦ Problems with authority figures ◦ Problems with constructive feedback ◦ Inclination to engage in risky behaviors:  Substance abuse  Multiple sexual partners  Impulsive, angry, and aggressive outbursts  Average time to healing: 7 years
    14. 14. Obstacles to success at college  Self-disclosure ◦ Leaves the veteran vulnerable ◦ Behavior labeled as “macho” in combat can later discourage veterans from seeking help ◦ Maybe be embarrassing for veterans to admit TBI or PTSD – the invisible injuries ◦ Veterans may not want to discuss their experiences ◦ Veterans are not trying to cause problems for others
    15. 15. Other obstacles to success at college  Negative attitude toward veterans by faculty  Negative attitudes toward veterans by fellow students  Bureaucracy (government and college- level) that impedes financial aid  Problems with civilian authority  Denied academic credit for military training  Colleges fail to acknowledge personal
    16. 16. Other obstacles to success at college  Having to reapply to programs because of deployments  Losing scholarships because of deployments mid-semester  Skills learned in combat not applicable to college settings  Being told they must appear in person to resolve financial issues  Inability to sit for long periods of time  Forgetting how to study
    17. 17. How colleges can help  Collaboration at the highest levels of the college to provide: ◦ Career services ◦ Disability services ◦ Veteran-specific services ◦ Peer counseling ◦ Programs to educate faculty about challenges facing veterans
    18. 18. How colleges can help  Centralized office on all campuses for veterans ◦ Staffed by student veterans ◦ “Storehouse” of information for veterans  Scholarship information  Benefits forms  Help completing the forms  Referrals for counseling ◦ Opportunity for veterans to interact with other veterans  Have a veterans’ club  Sensitivity training for faculty and administrators
    19. 19. References Accommodating veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in the academic setting. (2010). Rehabilitation Education, 24(1 & 2), 43- 56. Retrieved from Education Research Complete database. Ackerman, R., DiRamio, D., & Garza Mitchell, R. L. (2009). Transition: Combat veterans as college students. New Directions for Student Services, (126), 5-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ss.311 Church, T. E. (2009). Returning veterans on campus with war related injuries and the long road back home. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 22(1), 43-52. Glover-Graf, N. M., Miller, E., & Freeman, S. (2010). Accommodating veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorde symptoms in the academic setting. Rehabilitation Education, 24(1 & 2), 43-56. Retrieved from Education Research Complete database. Summerlot, J., Green, S.-M., & Parker, D. (2009). Student veterans organizations. New Directions for Student Services, 126, 71-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sa.318 Zinger, L., & Cohen, A. (2010). Veterans returning from war into the classroom: How can colleges be better prepared to meet their needs. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 3(1), 39-51. Retrieved from Education Research Complete database.

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