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  • To Measure is to know… (Lord Kelvin)
  • Think of MKH as Clearinghouse for all things related to measurement
  • The requirement to measure things more accurately, faster and at smaller dimensions is now pervasive throughout science and industry.
  • Examples of Cost Savings: -Software errors due to ineffective testing cost the US $60 billion annually. -Authentication by impacted users: In 2007, the US semiconductor industry spent approximately $9 billion on measurement equipment. Measurement challenges were a key barrier to continued miniaturization.
  • NIST is the nation’s NMI: Promote awareness of critical measurement needs Identify strategies to bolster solution providers Foster collaboration encourage industry to collaborate in USMS to identify and prioritize measurement needs
  • Initial assessment was a team effort (private sector, academia, NIST, standards organizations) 15 NIST-Industry workshops 2005-2006
  • Transcript

    • 1. Allan Eustis Analyst, United States Measurement System Office http://usms.nist.gov National Institute of Standards and Technology US-India Workshop on Metrology, Standards & Conformity Assessment in Support of Technical Regulations June 3, 2009
    • 2.
      • What is the United States Measurement System (USMS)?
      • What does it mean to assess the USMS? (Phase I)
      • What is the Measurement Knowledge Hub?
      • Measurement Needs (Barriers to innovation) in Key Technology Areas
      • Leveraging Web 2.0 capabilities
      • The Path Forward (Phase II)
    • 3.
      • Documents 723 measurement barriers to innovation
      • Covers 11 industry sectors
      • Over 1000 contributors from industry, academia, and other government agencies
      • What?
      • The set of measurement solution providers and users, and the relationships among them
      • Why?
      • Promote innovation and industrial competitiveness via:
        • Increased effectiveness and efficiency in developing and deploying measurement solutions
      • How ?
      • By identifying and fostering efforts to address unmet measurement needs
    • 4.
        • Inform strategic decision making
        • Accelerate development of critical measurement solutions
          • Identify and authenticate existing measurement needs & solutions
        • Customer Input (e.g. Needs, Priorities)
        • Identify Opportunities / Educate / Communicate
    • 5.
      • MN Template
      • Tags / Indicators
        • MN Sectors(Building & Construction, Chemicals, Electronics,Energy etc)
        • MN Characteristics that may be used to compare MNs
          • Stage of Innovation (R &D, Production, Market, End Use)
          • Economic Significance (Quantification of cost savings etc.)
      • Authentication
        • Evidence of a significant number of impacted users for any measurement solution that is developed
    • 6. USMS
    • 7.
      • Technological Innovation at Stake: Product innovations that use nanoparticles are rapidly expanding in many sectors of the world economy with their incorporation into a wide range of products including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, polymer composites, clothing, and microelectronics. Despite the potential gains from nanoparticle-based products, there is concern by many communities about their toxicity. The unique and diverse physico-chemical properties of nanoscale materials suggest that toxicological properties may differ from materials of same or similar composition but larger size.
      • Economic Significance of Innovation: Between 1997 and 2003, worldwide government investment in nanotechnology rose from $432 million a year to just under $3 billion a year. Discoveries made in nanoscience and nanotechnology are expected to be a major driver of the world economy in the next decade. However, despite the economic impact nanotechnology can yield through its novel properties, the lack of sound toxicology of nanoscale structures in humans and animals has the potential to derail the acceptance of nano-structured materials in the marketplace.
    • 8.
      • Technical Barrier to the Innovation: Effective and accepted methods to assess nanoparticle toxicity do not exist. Evidence demonstrating the migration of nanoparticles through barrier tissues in mammals has only recently been shown. New measurement methods are needed for both clinical effects of nano-structure incorporation in tissues and for characterization of nano-structures through out their life, i.e., before incorporation in tissues as well as following incorporation….
      • Measurement-Problem Part of Technical Barrier: Development of usable dose metrics for nanoparticle toxicity is not possible without accurate methods to characterize nanoparticle properties such as composition, dimensional metrology, surface area, shape and structure…..
      • Stage of Innovation Where Barrier Appears: R&D
      • Potential Solutions to Measurement Problem: None yet identified – need a more thorough assessment of the area, possibly nanoparticle- and mammal-specific
    • 9.
      • Stage of Innovation Where Barrier Appears: R&D
      • Potential Solutions to Measurement Problem: None yet identified – need a more thorough assessment of the area, possibly nanoparticle- and mammal-specific
    • 10.
    • 11.
      • Gather & Authenticate Measurement Needs
      • Analyze and Aggregate
        • Sets of Measurement Needs
        • Roadmaps / Key Documents
      • Apply Expertise
        • Derive Inferences / Findings
        • Authenticate Inferences / Findings
      Using Measurement Needs to Assess the State of the USMS Phase I Assessment: Over 700 measurement barriers were identified in 11 sector/technology areas, with input from 322 individual measurement needs and 164 technology roadmaps
    • 12.
      • Alternative Energy
        • Hydrogen / Fuel Cells
        • Biomass
        • Infrastructure / Smart Grid
        • Solar / Photovoltaic
        • Nuclear
      • Nanotechnology Environmental, Health & Safety
      • Sensors for Civil Infrastructure
      • Carbon and GHG Mitigation Strategies
      • Biosciences
    • 13. (Insert We Demonstration)
    • 14. Recent USMS Events
      • Alternative Fuel Webinars
        • Hydrogen Measurement Needs
        • Solar Energy Measurement Needs
        • Biomass Energy Needs
      • Nanotechnology, Environmental Health and Safety Webinar
    • 15. Poll: With respect to the information on Solar Energy Needs, how appropriate was the level of technical detail? Appropriate Not Enough Too Much Webinar Interaction
    • 16. Poll: Are you willing to co-author a Measurement Need? Yes No Webinar Interaction
    • 17.
      • Provide New Functionalities for the Measurement Knowledge Hub
      • Release Assessment Report #2 (2009)
      • Continue to Pursue Resources for Unmet Critical Measurement Needs
      • Continue to Facilitate Action to Address Measurement Needs
      • Continue to Promote USMS Access and Awareness
    • 18.
      • Grow list of MNs
      • Assess USMS
      • Authenticate MNs and Assessment Findings
      • Develop Path to Critical Measurement Solutions
      • Follow-on Forums, Webinars and/or Live Workshops
      http://usms.nist.gov
    • 19. USMS Blog
    • 20.
    • 21.
      • Measurement Needs
        • Search
        • Entry
      • Blog: A Measure Above
      • Forums
      • Webinars
      http://usms.nist.gov
    • 22. Information Methodologies Tools
    • 23.
      • Measurement Needs
        • Continuous Analysis
          • Review, Analysis, Updating, Additions
      • Roadmaps Database
      • Measurement Solutions
      • Measurement Needs & Solutions Toolkit
      • Assessment Reports
    • 24.
      • For more information:
      • Website: http://usms.nist.gov
      • Contact: Clare Allocca, Chief, USMS Office,
          • [email_address] /301-975-4359
      The US Measurement System… … where Measurement Science and Innovation converge
    • 25. Allan Eustis Analyst, United States Measurement System Office http://usms.nist.gov National Institute of Standards and Technology US-India Workshop on Metrology, Standards & Conformity Assessment in Support of Technical Regulations June 3, 2009

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