Comparing with adjectives_and_adverbs_2_ppt

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  • 1. Comparative andSuperlativeAdjectives and Adverbs
  • 2. Adjectives and adverbs are wordsthe modify other words. Thecomparative form of anadjective or adverb comparestwo things. The superlative formof an adjective or adverbcompares three of more things.
  • 3. ExamplesAdjectiveslarge larger largestThe first apple is large.The second apple is larger than the first.The third apple is the largest of the three.
  • 4. The jalopy is a fast car.The racecar is the faster car.The dragster is the fastest car.
  • 5. To make comparative andsuperlative forms of adjectivessome rules must be followed.
  • 6. Rule 1 tall taller tallestneat neater neatestdeep deeper deepestTo form the comparative or superlativeof one syllable words withmore than one vowel OR endingwith more than one consonant at theadd -er OR -est.
  • 7. Rule 2 wide wider widestfine finer finestcute cuter cutestTo form the comparative orsuperlative of a one syllable word endingin e add -r OR -st.
  • 8. Rule 3 sad sadder saddestbig bigger biggestfat fatter fattestTo form the comparative or superlative of a onesyllable word with one vowel and one consonant atthe end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.
  • 9. Rule 4 happy happier happiestjolly jollier jolliestlazy lazier laziestTo form the comparative or superlative of a twosyllable word ending in y, change the y to i, thenadd -er OR -est.
  • 10. Rule 5 yellow yellower yellowestgentle gentler gentlestsimple simpler simplestTo form the comparative or superlative of a twosyllable word ending a vowel-sound that is notstressed then add -er OR -est.Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –erand –est.
  • 11. Like adjectives some adverbs cantake comparative and superlativeforms, with -er and -est:Sally works hard.Steve works harder than SallyKathy and Sue work the hardestof all.
  • 12. The bird sings loudly.The moose sang louder than thebird.Pete sang the loudest of them all.
  • 13. List of Adverbs in Which-er and -est May Be AddedAdverb Comparative Superlativefast faster fastestslow slower slowestquick quicker quickestearly earlier earliestbright brighter brightesthigh higher highest
  • 14. However, the majority of adverbs donot take these endings. Instead, theyform the comparative using more andthe superlative using most:  Adverb Comparative Superlativerecently more recently most recentlyeffectively more effectively most effectivelyfrequently more frequently most frequently
  • 15. Irregular Comparativeand SuperlativeAdjectives and AdverbsSome comparative andsuperlative forms are irregularand do not follow any rules orpatterns. These must bememorized.
  • 16. Irregular AdverbsWord Comparative Superlativebadly worse worstmuch more mostlittle less leastmuch more mostwell better best
  • 17. Irregular AdjectivesWord Comparative Superlativegood better bestbad worse worstmuch more mostlittle less leastfar farther farthestoldolderelderoldesteldest
  • 18. Example:Nathan made good stew.Mollys stew was better thanNathans.Ezra made the best stew of all.