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greek

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greek

greek

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  • Transcript

    • 1. ANCIENT GREEK CULTURE
    • 2. HUMANISM
      • end (for a while) of god-kings
      • “ Man is the measure of all things” – Protagoras (p. 61 box)
      • plenty of gods but no sacred text or dogma
      • art reveals a delight in the human form
    • 3. amphora ca. 530 B.C.; Archaic Attributed to the Euphiletos Painter Greek Terracotta; H. 24 1/2 in. Human figures as decoration Black-figure technique (not in textbook)
    • 4. SEE TEXT p. 46 Red-on-black
    • 5. Three periods
      • Archaic (650-490 BC)
      • Classical ( 480 -323 BC)
      • Hellenistic (323-145 BC)
      about 500 years in all
    • 6. Archaic
      • epic and lyric poetry
      • evolution and change in works such as in terracotta from black figure to red figure
      • Pythagoras
    • 7. Classical (480-323 BC)
      • Plato, Aristotle
      • Theater – comedy & tragedy Sophocles (p. 59): Oedipus Rex , Antigone (play titles)
      about 150 years
    • 8. Golden Age 480-404 BC (or 480-430 BC) Beginning of Classical Period 76 years! (or only 50) of demos (people) kratos (power) Democracy! (Also an Imperial era)
    • 9. Hellenistic (323-145 BC)
      • Works more dramatic
      • First to look back on “the good ol’ days” – Classical Greece
      • Alexander’s empire
      • Other philosophies: Skepticism, Epicureanism, Stoicism
      • doesn’t really end in 145 BC; continues while attention shifts to Rome, which invades Greece in 145 BC
    • 10. Change in Greek sculpture An illustration of the 3 periods
    • 11. kouros Kouros monumental sculpture of human (6 ft.) Text p. 47 KEY IMAGE
    • 12. What is a kouros? free-standing nude MALE youth. MALE = IDEAL sculpture would be outside a temple or serve as a grave-marker possibly a god, but usually a human athlete rigid symmetry from Egyptian roots "stylized geometry" note – the term is singular
    • 13. kore Kore - female Text p. 47
    • 14. The Archaic Smile Text p. 47
    • 15. The first evidence of change in sculpture
      • Kritios boy
      • No Archaic smile
      • New idea . . . Contrapposto (w eight shift; literally, “placed opposite”)
      • Idealized form - perfection
    • 16. Kritios boy Ideal proportions? CLASSICAL TEXT p. 56 KEY IMAGE
    • 17. Vitruvius: Principles of Symmetry (Roman, c. 30 BC) Probably based on writings of Polycleitus (Classical Greek) open hand = chin to top of hairline = 1/10 of entire body height head from chin to top = 1/8 middle of the breast to top of head = ¼ bottom of chin to nostrils = nose to eyebrow = 1/3 of face length of the foot = 1/6 of body height forearm = breadth of the breast = 1/4
    • 18. Leonardo da Vinci, Proportional study of a man in the manner of Vitruvius TEXTBOOK p. 190
    • 19. Poseidon/Zeus ? dynamic pose! bronze
    • 20. Discobolus Discus Thrower (Discobolus) by Myron Text p. 57
    • 21. Hermes and Dionysis S-curve Text p. 55
    • 22. Riace Warrior TEXT p. 56-57
    • 23. Laoco ö n and his two sons (lay ahk a wan)
      • HELLENISTIC
      • - dramatic!
      • c. 150 BC
      KEY IMAGE p. 66
    • 24. More Hellenistic examples p. 66 Copy after bronze original
    • 25. More Hellenistic examples Copy after bronze original
    • 26. More Hellenistic examples – Athena Slaying Giant, Pergamon, c, 180 BC p. 65
    • 27. More Hellenistic examples p. 65

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