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VA and US:  Chapter 5, part 1
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VA and US: Chapter 5, part 1

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  • 1. Chapter 5: Political Parties
  • 2. Section 1
    • What is a political party?
          • a group of persons who seek to control GOVERNMENT through the winning of ELECTIONS and the holding of public office
  • 3. Section 1
    • What are the TWO major parties?
    • REPUBLICAN and DEMOCRATIC parties
    • Who can we associate with these two parties?
    • When do we hear about these two parties?
    • What do we know about these two parties?
  • 4. Section 1
    • What do parties do?
        • NOMINATE CANDIDATES: major function. Parties select candidates and present them to voters, then work to help them win elections.
        • What candidates can we think of?
  • 5. Section 1
    • What do you think I mean when I say inform and activate supporters?
    • Inform and activate supporters: INFORM THE PEOPLE, INSPIRE VOTERS TO PARTICIPATE IN PUBLIC AFFAIRS. THEY DO THIS THROUGH PEOPLES’ INTERESTS. INFORM THEM OF THEIR PARTY’S VIEW.
  • 6. Section 1
    • BONDING AGENT
        • ensure the good performance of candidates and officer holders. Make sure they are qualified and have a good character.
  • 7. Section 1
    • GOVERNING:
          • organized along party lines
    • PARTISANSHIP:
          • Strong support of a party and its policy stands. Cooperation among legislative and executive branches. GOVERNMENT provides these channels
  • 8. Section 1
    • acting as a WATCHDOG:
    • over conduct of the public business. the party in power controls the executive branch. the party out of power criticizes the party in power and tries to convince the people to vote them out.
  • 9. Section 2
    • MINOR PARTY
        • one of the many political parties without wide voter support.
        • Can you think of any?
  • 10. Section 2
    • TWO PARTY SYSTEM:
        • Republican and Democrats. Only those two parties have a reasonable chance of winning office.
  • 11. Section 2
    • Why a two party system?
    • Historical basis
          • ROOTED IN BEGINNINGS OF THE NATION ITSELF. NOT PRESENT IN CONSTITUTION BUT THEY DEVELOPED
  • 12. Section 2
    • FORCE OF tradition.
          • Self-perpetuating. The people accept the two party system because that is the way it has always been done.
  • 13. Section 2
    • Electoral system
    • What does electoral sound like?
        • single member district: CONTESTS IN WHICH ONLY ONE CANDIDATE IS ELECTED TO EACH OFFICE ON THE BALLOT. WINNER TAKE ALL
        • bipartisan: COMMON GROUND AND THEY WORK TOGETHER
  • 14. Section 2
    • IDEOLOGICAL CONSENSUS: Not as deeply divided as in other countries. both parties are relatively moderate
  • 15. Section 2
    • Multiparty system: several major and lesser parties exist, SERIOUSLY COMPETE FOR and actually win public office
    • Are we a multiparty system?
    • Usually based on an interest
    • Power is shared in a COALITION: a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control the government
  • 16. Section 2
    • ONE PARTY SYSTEM: Usually, but not always, in a dictatorship. ONE party allowed
  • 17. Section 2
    • Party Membership Patterns
      • In recent years....these are generalizations, keep that in mind!
      • What do I mean by this?
      • Likely to be Democratic: African-American, Catholic, Jewish, in a Union
      • Likely to be Republican (GOP): white, male, Protestant, in business, involved in the community
  • 18. Section 3 (quick)
    • First National Parties
    • FEDERALISTS: supported the Constitution, rich and well born, wanted a strong national government
    • JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS: Wanted a limited role of the central government
  • 19. Section 3
    • Four major eras
        • Era of Democrats 1800-1860
        • Era of Republicans 1860-1932
        • Return of Democrats 1932-1968
        • New Era - Divided government (one party holds legislative, one party holds Executive)
  • 20.
    • THESE ARE GENERALIZATIONS, DO NOT FORGET!!!!! (not always the case)