Section 1 of the Executive Branch Unit
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Section 1 of the Executive Branch Unit






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Section 1 of the Executive Branch Unit Section 1 of the Executive Branch Unit Presentation Transcript

  • The Executive Branch
  • Section 1: The Office of the President
    • Just who is the President of the United States?
    • What do we know about this position?
    • Article II in the United States Constitution
    • Executive Power shall be vested in the President
    • It is an outline, loosely drawn, more so than the other two Articles that deal with branches
    • There was a struggle as to what this Article intended/meant
    • Formal Qualifications
        • 35 years old
        • Natural Born Citizen
        • Lived in the US for at least 14 years
    • Salary and Benefits
        • Congress determines Salary, it cannot be touched during a presidential term
        • $400,000 a year
        • $50,000 a year expense allowance taxed as part of income
    • Benefits are Numerous
        • White House
        • Suite of Offices
        • Large Staff
        • Air Force One
        • Fleet of Cars
    • Benefits Continued
        • Camp David
        • Best health care money can buy
        • Travel money
        • Entertainment money
        • Lots More!
    • The Presidential Difference 2004 for Fred Greenstein
    • Qualities that Bear on Presidential Performance
    • Effectiveness as a public communicator - many presidents rehersed and were able to reach the average American
    • Best - FDR, JFK Reagan, and Clinton (on a good day)
    • Organizational Capacity - Ability to forge a team that gets the most done and the ability to minimize the tendency to tell the boss (PRES) what he wants to hear
    • Best Organizers - FDR( encouraged diversity), IKE (listened), JFK, Ford, Bush Sr
    • Worst - Nixon, Reagan, LBJ : they didn’t like to see disagreements
    • Political Skill - ability to stamp on policy in the relatively stalemated American political system. They maintained public support and established reputations as skilled policy-makers.
    • Best - LBJ (within hours of JFK’s assassination he began to muster support)
    • Worst - Carter
    • Vision - capacity to inspire and the ability to assess policy feasibility
    • Best - FDR, JFK, Reagan, Nixon, Ike
    • Cognitive Style - how they think about issues and how they create a purpose
    • Best - Nixon had a purpose and he succeeded
    • Worst - Truman and Reagan (Reagan had no critical reading and had an imperfect understanding of policies)
    • Emotional Intelligence - are they free of distracting emotional issues? Greenstein argues that this is the most important.
    • “ In its absence all else may turn to ash”
    • Best - Ike, Ford, Bush Sr, GW Bush
    • Worst - LBJ (Mood Swings), Carter (Rigid), Clinton (no impulse control), Nixon (anger and suspiciousness...he was defeated by the qualities that brought his success).
    • Informal Qualifications
    • What are some characteristics you deem desirable in a president?
    • Presidential Roles
        • Chief of State - ceremonial head
        • Chief Executive - Execute Laws
        • Chief Administrator - Director of Government
        • Chief Diplomat - Architect of Foreign Policy
    • Roles, Continued
        • Commander-in-Chief
        • Chief Legislator - Architect of public policies
        • Chief of the Party - Acknowledged leader of their party
        • Chief Citizen - Moral Leader, representative of all the people
    • Roles, Continued
      • Coalition Builders, build coalitions among different parties and with the legislative branch
    • Presidential Term in Office
        • Washington limited himself to two terms
        • No one dared more until FDR
        • Presidents were concerned about the orderly transfer of power from one president to another, this is unique to the American presidency, an office transfer with little to no problems
    • approval ratings make a
    • 1951 - 22nd Amendment
        • A president can be elected no more than 2 terms or 10 years in office
        • Some say that a single, 6 year term would be better (LBJ, Carter)
    • 1/3 of all presidents have been elected to a second term
    • Usually done in wartime or especially tranquil times
    • President usually has some prior experience in a federal agency
    • A future president needs to be able to recognize various politically important groups, regions and organizations in order to gain support and a wide appeal
    Section 2: Who Gets Elected?
    • Conventions: Purpose of the Conventions
        • Name the party’s candidate
        • Bring factions together for a common purpose
        • Adopt the party’s platform
    • Characteristics of those who usually get elected
        • Experience
        • Electability
        • Records in public office
        • Protestant, most have been (JFK)
        • Usually from larger states
    • Characteristics cont.
        • How they look
        • Family
        • Speaking Ability
        • Outsider in Washington?????
    • What happens if something happens to the president?
    Section 3: Presidential Succession
    • Office of the Vice President
        • What was to be his or her role?
        • Under the original language of the Constitution the VP took over the duties but not the office
    • VP
        • A VP has become the president 8 times
        • Rarely acquires presidency when they run for that office
        • Many people gave up real leadership positions for the VP..why?
    • VP Cont
        • Only official duty is to preside over Senate and vote in the case of a tie
        • Can be as important or weak as a president wants
        • What about Dick Cheney?
    • Succession: What is the president is ill but not dead? If the VP steps up then who becomes the new VP?
    • Succession Act of 1886 -
        • Secretary of State next in line should the VP die
        • followed by Cabinet in order of seniority
    • Change to the Succession Act of 1886
        • 1947
        • Included the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore in succession
    • 25th Amendment
        • 1967
        • Allows VP to serve as acting president when pres declares he is unable to do his job or the VP and a majority of the Cabinet say he cannot in writing.
        • If the president and the VP and Cabinet disagree then Congress decides, a 2/3 vote
        • VP must nominate a new VP, both houses must confirm
    • Line to Presidency
        • VP
        • Speaker of the House
        • Pres Pro Tempore
        • Secretary of State
        • Secretary of Treasury
    • Succession cont.
        • Secretary of Defense
        • Attorney General
        • Secretary of the Interior
        • Etc, all the Cabinet Dept heads in order of when they were incorporated into the Cabinet
        • What would be last?
    • Presidential Disability
        • VP becomes the President if the President informs Congress in writing that he/she cannot preform duties.
        • OR
        • The VP and the majority of members of the Cabinet inform Congress in writing