AP Exam Review


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AP Exam Review

  1. 1. Exam Study Guide <ul><li>Remember August?? </li></ul><ul><li>September? </li></ul><ul><li>October? </li></ul><ul><li>November? </li></ul><ul><li>December? </li></ul><ul><li>Last week? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice, worth 75 points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25 questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Writing Prompts worth 25 points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 short essays, 12.5 points each </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>For the Writing Prompts I want you to pretend like you are really taking the exam. This means you need to do paragraphs, complete sentences and thoroughly explain EVERYTHING you write. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This is NOT a marking period test, it is the EXAM </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>It is not enough to know what these terms are. You need to understand these in order to apply them to questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Take your time, think each question through </li></ul>
  6. 6. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ARTICLES failed because they were too weak. What were the specific weaknesses? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1) 1 Vote, Regardless of Size </li></ul><ul><li>2) Congress powerless to lay and collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>3) Congress powerless to regulate commerce </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>4) No executive branch to enforce acts of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>5) No national judicial system </li></ul><ul><li>6) 9/13 majority to pass laws </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>7) Army was small and dependent on state militias..couldn’t control border disputes </li></ul><ul><li>8) Little Money Coined by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>9) Amendment only with all the States </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Devolution </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>What are some examples of devolution? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grants-in-Aide </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Federalism <ul><li>Dual Federalism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National government is supreme in its sphere, states are supreme in theirs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Federalism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing areas of cooperation between National and State governments. Think concurrent powers or grants </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Federal Grants-in-Aide </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually there are a number of strings attached </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>block grants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mandates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>categorical grants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>project grants </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>4 Theories of Elitism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marxist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power Elite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucratic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pluralist </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Direct Democracy v. Representative Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>What are some criticisms of a direct democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Are direct democracies ever successful? </li></ul><ul><li>Views of the framers </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ability of a person to get another person to act in accordance with the first’s intentions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The right to use power </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Legitimacy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political authority conferred by law or by a state or a national constitution. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Can a government have power without having authority? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes - think dictatorships </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Be able to analyze the connections between power, authority, and legitimacy </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Equality of Opportunity vs. Equality of Results </li></ul><ul><li>Which do Americans favor? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Ways of political socialization </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>family </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>civic organizations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Culture war </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of disagreements are considered part of the culture war? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>American trust in government? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No change? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Political Efficacy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is this? Know the term. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belief that you can take part in politics or that the government will response to the citizens </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Know who are likely Democratic Party voters and who are likely Republican Party voters. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>What are the House committees that are important? </li></ul><ul><li>Ways and Means </li></ul><ul><li>House Rules Committee </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Know the characteristics of different parties </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats, Libertarian, Republicans, Populists </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>What types of citizens are most likely to vote? </li></ul><ul><li>Federal restrictions on fundraising for presidential campaigns. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,000, 5,000, matching funds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>What is gerrymandering? What is malapportionment? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the biggest indicator of the likelihood of a president getting reelected? </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMY!! </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Diversity in Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Filibusters and Vote of Clotures - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>number to control </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>What is the point of having congressional oversight? </li></ul>
  32. 32. WRITING PROMPTS <ul><li>Grants-In-Aid </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Categorical Grants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue Sharing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Block Grants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mandates </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>What are some specific examples of these type of grants and how do they affect policy making within the states? </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>2. Interest Groups and PACs </li></ul><ul><li>How do they try to influence politics? </li></ul><ul><li>What limits them? </li></ul>