Building Web 2.0: Next-Generation Data Centers
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Building Web 2.0: Next-Generation Data Centers

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Speaker: Werner Vogels

Speaker: Werner Vogels

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  • 1. Web‐Scale Computing Compete on Ideas, Not Resources Dr. Werner Vogels Chief Technology Officer Amazon.com
  • 2. What is Amazon.com? Online Retail Business • Over 72 million active customer accounts • Seven countries: US, UK, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, China • World‐Class Logistics – Multiple national fulfillment centers: Over 10  million ft2 Merchant Business • Over 1.2 million active seller accounts • Fulfillment by  Amazon & Web Store by Amazon • Amazon Enterprise Services Developer Business • Hundreds of thousands of Amazon Associates • Over 290,000 software developers registered to use Amazon Web  Services
  • 3. Amazon’s Developer Business • Amazon Web Services  • 290,000 registered developers • 10 different web service offerings, including: – Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) – Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) – Amazon Flexible Payments Service (Amazon  FPS)
  • 4. Who said one Datacenter is enough …
  • 5. The Reliability of Hard Disks Failure Trends in a Large Disk Drive Population Eduardo Pinheiro, Wolf-Dietrich Weber and Luiz André Barroso
  • 6. Dream or Nightmare? Scale to 100% ‐ 1000% increase popularity? • Provide 4 nines uptime? • Survive a complete datacenter failure? • Survive a router flapping? • While keeping cost low at the same time? •
  • 7. Chapter 4: Priorities – Scale Later – It is too hard to get right Chapter 4: Priorities – Scale Later – It is too hard to get right
  • 8. The 70/30 Switch
  • 9. Scalable Infrastructure that allows  your applications to meet infinite  demand, cheaply and reliably
  • 10. Amazon Web Services 22 22
  • 11. Amazon Simple Storage Service Amazon S3 is Storage for the Internet • Scalable – Can store an unlimited number of objects • Reliable – Redundant across multiple datacenters – Availability SLA • Fast – Low‐latency access and delivery • Simple – Easy web services interface for developers • Inexpensive – Uses Amazon’s cost‐efficient infrastructure 
  • 12. Objects Stored in Amazon S3 10,000,000,000 5,000,000,000 800,000,000 July 2006 April 2007 October 2007
  • 13. Amazon S3 now in Europe! Developers can now  • choose storage in  Europe Low latency access  • and delivery  to Europe at a  very low price
  • 14. Creating a Storage Bucket in Europe PUT / HTTP/1.1 Host: mybucket.s3.amazonaws.com Content-Length: 111 Date: Mon, 05 Nov 2007 12:00:00 GMT Authorization: AWS 15B4D3461F177624206A:xQE0diMbLRepdf3YB+FIEXAMPLE= <CreateBucketConfiguration> <LocationConstraint> EU </LocationConstraint> </CreateBucketConfiguration>
  • 15. Amazon S3 European Pricing • Storage US$ 0.18 per GB‐Month of storage used  • Data Transfer US$ 0.10 per GB ‐ all data transfer in US$ 0.18 per GB ‐ first 10 TB / month data transfer out US$ 0.16 per GB ‐ next 40 TB / month data transfer out US$ 0.13 per GB ‐ data transfer out / month over 50 TB  • Requests US$ 0.012 per 1,000 PUT or LIST requests US$ 0.012 per 10,000 GET and all other requests
  • 16. http://aws.amazon.com
  • 17. Web‐scale Computing